Magyar Rádió

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Hungarian Radio / Radio Budapest
Type Radio network
Country Hungary
Availability International
Headquarters 5-7 Bródy Sándor Str., Budapest, H-1088
Owner MTVA
Key people
István Jónás CEO
Launch date
December 1, 1925
Official website
Radio.hu
The headquarters of the Hungarian Radio in Budapest

Magyar Rádió (MR, The Hungarian Radio Corporation, also known internationally as Radio Budapest) is Hungary's publicly funded radio broadcasting organization. It is also the country's official international broadcasting station. Magyar Rádió was admitted to full active membership of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1993.

Domestic networks[edit]

With its headquarters in Budapest and several regional offices around the country, MR is responsible for public service broadcasting throughout the Hungarian Republic. As well as maintaining nine regional studios, the corporation produces three nationwide Hungarian-language radio channels (Kossuth, Petőfi, and Bartók) covering the full range of public-service radio provision, and a fourth channel (MR4) aimed at the country's linguistic minorities.

Kossuth Rádió[edit]

Main article: Kossuth Rádió

Named after Lajos Kossuth, Kossuth Rádió is the official radio station of the Republic of Hungary, and is the flagship channel of the Hungarian Radio. Created in 1925, the station has over 3 million listeners per day.[1] It primarily broadcasts news, including interviews, discussions, and reports.

Petőfi Rádió[edit]

Named after the poet Sándor Petőfi, the station is available nationwide in the western FM band. It is aimed at the younger generation and broadcasts pop music.

Bartók Rádió[edit]

Named after the composer Béla Bartók, the station is a dedicated classical music station that airs on a nationwide basis in the western FM band in stereo. It hosts some high culture talk programme in addition to a lot of orchestra and opera music. Supposedly, only a few thousand people listen to this station and proposals to terminate Rádió Bartók have been made several times, but never enacted.[citation needed]

Nemzetiségi Adások[edit]

This radio channel airs programmes in languages of national minorities of Hungary.

Parlamenti Adások[edit]

Parliamentarian broadcasts.

Dankó Rádió[edit]

This radio station airs regional content throughout Hungary, plays folk music and broadcast Operetta shows. This station is available round the clock on the internet and on FM but on Mediumwave, it is available on weekdays from 4:30am to 9:05pm and on weekends from 5:00am to 9:05pm. Then for this station's mediumwave frequencies, they will handover to Kossuth Rádió for the rest of the night.

International broadcasting[edit]

Radio Budapest output (1950-2007)[edit]

For a comparison of RB to other broadcasters see

Estimated total direct programme hours per week of some external radio broadcasters for 1996
Broadcaster 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1996[2]
United States VOA, RFE/RL & Radio Martí 497 1,495 1,907 1,901 2,611 1,821
China China Radio International 66 687 1,267 1,350 1,515 1,620
United Kingdom BBC World Service 643 589 723 719 796 1,036
Russia Radio Moscow / Voice of Russia[3][1] 533 1,015 1,908 2,094 1,876 726
Germany Deutsche Welle 0 315 779 804 848 655
Egypt Radio Cairo (ERTU) 0 301 540 546 605 604
Iran IRIB World Service / Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran 12 24 155 175 400 575
India All India Radio 116 157 271 389 456 500
Japan NHK World Radio Japan 0 203 259 259 343 468
France Radio France Internationale 198 326 200 125 379 459
Netherlands Radio Netherlands Worldwide[1] 127 178 335 289 323 392
Israel Israel Radio International[1] 0 91 158 210 253 365
Turkey Voice of Turkey 40 77 88 199 322 364
North Korea Radio Pyongyang / Voice of Korea 0 159 330 597 534 364
Bulgaria Radio Bulgaria[1] 30 117 164 236 320 338
Australia Radio Australia 181 257 350 333 330 307
Albania Radio Tirana (RTSH) 26 63 487 560 451 303
Romania Radio Romania International 30 159 185 198 199 298
Spain Radio Exterior de España 68 202 251 239 403 270
Portugal RDP Internacional[1] 46 133 295 214 203 226
Cuba Radio Havana Cuba 0 0 320 424 352 203
Italy Rai Italia Radio[1] 170 205 165 169 181 203
Canada Radio Canada International[1] 85 80 98 134 195 175
Poland Radio Polonia[1] 131 232 334 337 292 171
South Africa Radio RSA / Channel Africa 0 63 150 183 156 159
Sweden Sveriges Radio International[1] 28 114 140 155 167 149
Hungary Magyar Rádió[1] 76 120 105 127 102 144
Czech Republic Radio Prague[1][4] 119 196 202 255 131 131
Nigeria Voice of Nigeria 0 0 62 170 120 127
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Radio Belgrade / International Radio of Serbia 80 70 76 72 96 68

Source: International Broadcast Audience Research, June 1996

The list includes about a quarter of the world's external broadcasters whose output is both publicly funded and worldwide. Among those excluded are Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea and various international commercial and religious stations.

Notes:

  1. Does not broadcast on shortwave as of 2014.
  2. 1996 figures as at June; all other years as at December.
  3. Before 1991, broadcasting for the former USSR.
  4. Before 1996, broadcasting for the former Czechoslovakia.

E

History and profile[edit]

Ever since its foundation, the Hungarian Radio P.L.C. has been a "citadel" of domestic information, and cultural life. Since December 1, 1925, the institution has had a decisive role in forming the Hungarian public opinion, and general taste.

It is true in spite of the fact that regular television broadcasts were launched in Hungary in 1958. Forty years later, in 1998, the dual media system was formed. Owing to that a regular competition started between the different mass media channels. Since commercial television and radio stations flooded the market primarily with entertainment industry products, the value-centered approach and program structure of the public service radio makes it, if possible, even more important to preserve its culture creating and broadcasting functions.

Hungarian Radio P.L.C. has three nationwide radio channels. Two of its channels broadcast news, political, economic and cultural programs round the clock. It is a partner to the domestic audience and a link with the Hungarians over the frontiers, a chance for them to retain their national identity. Hungarian Radio could use the slogan often heard in radio commercials: "From clear source only". The buildings and studios of the Radio are located in Budapest, in the block between Bródy Sándor Street and Pollack Mihály Square. There are also two beautiful palaces in this area, one of them was owned earlier by the Eszterházy’s and the other one by the Károlyi family. The construction of Studio No. 6, the big orchestra studio, is linked with Georg von Békésy’s name, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his acoustic researches in 1961.

On July 1, 2007 Radio Budapest has cancelled the programming in foreign languages.

The main theatrical director of Magyar Rádió is Otto Solymosi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]