The Mahé Riverside walkway
Map of Mahé District
|• Body||Mahé Region|
|• Total||9 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|• Total||41,816 (approx.)|
|• Density||4,646/km2 (12,030/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, French, Tamil, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 (0)490|
|Sex ratio||1000 ♂/1184♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||1|
|Civic agency||Mahé Region|
Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi is a small town (9 km²) surrounded on all sides by Kerala. It is officially a part of the Union Territory of Puducherry. The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides and Calicut District from one side. The nearest airport is Calicut International Airport, Karipur, at a distance of 85 km; Kannur Airport under construction is nearing completion at Mattannur at a distance of 40 km. The nearest Railway Station is Mahé, where a few local and express trains stop. The nearest major railway stations, where several long distance trains stop, are Thalassery, Kannur and Vatakara.
Formerly a French colony, Mahé now forms a municipality in Mahé district of the Union Territory of Puducherry (based on the east coast). Mahé has one member (MLAs) in the Puducherry Legislative Assembly, representing Mahé. Current MLA of Mahé is E. Valsaraj.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Etymology
- 3 History
- 4 Educational Institutions in Mahé
- 4.1 Schools
- 4.2 Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College
- 4.3 Mahé Co-operative College of Teacher Education (MCCTE)
- 4.4 Indira Gandhi Polytechnic College, Mahe
- 4.5 Mahé Institute of Dental Sciences & Hospital
- 4.6 Rajiv Gandhi Govt Ayurveda College, Mahé
- 4.7 Rajiv Gandhi Govt Industrial training Institute, Mahé
- 5 Culture and geography
- 6 Mahé Municipality
- 7 Famous and popular people
- 8 Major worship places in Mahé
- 9 Other Notable Locations
- 10 In art and literature
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
As of 2011[update] India census, Mahé had a population of 41,816, predominantly Malayalis. Males constitute 46.5% of the population. Mahé has an average literacy rate of 97.87%; male and female literacy were 98.63 and 97.25 respectively. In Mahé, 10.89% of the population consists of children under 6 years of age.
The name Mahé originated in honour of Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais (1699–1753), a key architect of French policy in India. One hypothesis suggests that the form of the word originated from Mayyazhi, which evolved to sound like Mayye, and which the French adopted as "Mahé".
An alternative account suggests that the Count de La Bourdonnais adopted the name of the Indian town as part of his own name, rather than vice versa.
The French East India Company constructed a fort on the site of Mahé in 1724, in accordance with an accord concluded between André Mollandin and Raja Vazhunnavar of Badagara three years earlier. In 1741, Mahé de La Bourdonnais retook the town after a period of occupation by the Marathas.
In 1761 the British captured Mahé, and the settlement was handed over to the Rajah of Kadathanadu. The British restored Mahé to the French as a part of the 1763 Treaty of Paris. In 1779, the Anglo-French war broke out, resulting in the French loss of Mahé. In 1783, the British agreed to restore to the French their settlements in India, and Mahé was handed over to the French in 1785.
On the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793, a British force under James Hartley captured Mahé. In 1816 the British restored Mahé to the French as a part of the 1814 Treaty of Paris, after the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.
Mayyazhi remained under French jurisdiction as a small French colony, an enclave within British India, during the long span that began in 1816. After the Independence of India the area continued to be French-ruled until 13 June 1954, when a long anti-colonial struggle culminated in its joining the Indian Union (see Causes for liberation of French colonies in India).
After the French left, Mahé stood as a Union Territory. Later this became a Sub-Division of Puducherry Union Territory. The area of Mahé begins from Mayyazhi puzha in the north to Azhiyoor at the south.
Mahé consists of Mahé town and Naluthara, which includes four villages: Pandakkal, Pallur, Chalakara and Chembra. The ruler of Kingdom of Mysore from the 1760s, Hyder Ali (ca 1722–1782), gifted Naluthara to the French as a token of appreciation for the help they gave in opposing the British.
Educational Institutions in Mahé
Mahe has a high density of educational institutions when compared to the size of the town. Many of the institutions and Schools excel in their academic fronts.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Govt. Higher Secondary School, Mahé (Previously known as La Bourdonnais College)
- Ecole Centrale et Cours Complémentaire, Mahé (French Medium High School)
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mahé
- C.E Bharatan Memorial Government higher secondary school, Mahé (Previously known as Govt. Girls High Schoolor Ecole de Filles)
- V.N Purushothaman memorial government higher secondary school, Palloor - V.N. Purushothaman Govt. Higher Secondary School – Started in 1869 and earlier called as "Echole Mixed De Palloor"
- Kasturbha Gandhi Govt. High School, Palloor
- I.K Kumaran Memorial Government Higher Secondary School, Pandakkal
- Usman Govt. High School, Chalakkara
- Jawahar Mini Bal Bhavan Palloor and Mahé
- HHF international school, Chembra, Mahé
- Kendriya Vidyalaya chembra, Mahé
- Govt.Middle School Avaroth, East Palloor SCHOOL BLOG
Many private schools also operate in Mahé. for example, Avila primary School Mahé, Sree Narayana School Palloor, St. Theresa's higher secondary School at Chembra, Dr. Ambedkar Public School Chalakkara, M.M.Nursery and Upper Primer School Cherukallayi, Eden School Mahe, P.K. Raman Memorial School etc.
Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College
Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College, the premier college in Mahé, was established in the year 1970, as realisation of the dream project of I. K. Kumaran, the leader of French-Indian Liberation Movement, who was the representative from Mahé to the Legislative assembly. The founder Principal was Prof K.Ravindran.the college was inaugurated on 11 December 1970 by Shri.B.D.Jatti, His Excellency the Lt.Governor of Puducherry.
The college is situated at the picturesque Mount Vera, Chalakkara, a short distance from Mahé Town. Affiliated to Pondicherry University, the college offers undergraduate courses in Malayalam, Hindi, English, Economics, Chemistry, Plant Science, Physics, Computer Science, Zoology and Mathematics. Post-graduate courses in Plant Science and Hindi are also conducted here. the College celebrated the silver jubilee during the academic year 1995–96. the silver jubilee celebrations were inaugurated on 13 th September 1995 by Rajendra Kumari Bajpai the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry. NAAC team visited the college in February 2009 and accredited the college with "B" Grade. Based on an agreement with the Government of Kerala, 10 seats in 7 undergraduate courses are reserved to the students from Kerala State.
Mahé Co-operative College of Teacher Education (MCCTE)
This college was established in 2005 and is part of the Mahé Co-operative Centre for Information Technology Ltd. It is recognized by the National Council for Teacher Education. Their mission is to: "Our mission is to provide individual attention, academic efficiency, monitoring the progress of each student or trainee and keep in touch with the parents, eliciting their cooperation in shaping their character". The President of the society is Mr. E.Valsaraj, currently Mahé MLA and then Minister for health and education. The Principal of the MCCTE is Mr. A.P. Aravindakshan.
Indira Gandhi Polytechnic College, Mahe
Mahé Institute of Dental Sciences & Hospital
Rajiv Gandhi Govt Ayurveda College, Mahé
Rajiv Gandhi Govt Industrial training Institute, Mahé
This institute is located in east Palloor about 6 km from Township. It began during 1993, with the introduction of two engineering trades—namely Draughtsman (civil) and Fitter. A further two trades—Electrician and Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air conditioning) – were introduced during 1997 and 2001, respectively.
Culture and geography
The culture and geography of this area are like almost all of those in the Malabar Coast of Kerala.
The major festival of this region is Vishu and ONAM. The Mahé Palli (Mahé Church or Shrine of St. Theresa of Avila) is a famous pilgrimage center for Christians. The major language is Malayalam. The population includes Tamil and Telugu speakers.
Mahe is famous for its home food varieties most of which is not available in bakeries and restaurants.
Mahé, like most union territories in India, has low taxes which include low electricity costs. Mahe also experinces no load shedding/power cuts even during the rest of Kerala which surrounds it get its often.
Mahé Municipality is the seat of Local Administration in Mahé. Mahé Municipality is in existence 200 years before under the French Regime. Mahé Municipal area comprises 9 km². with two Assembly Constituencies, i.e. Mahé and Palloor. The first Mayor of this municipality was Vellavil Kesavan. He was also an MLA and an eminent personality in French Law. The last Mayor and the first Chairman of this Municipality is Late. V. N. Purushothaman. Municipal Council was not in existence with effect from 1978. Thereafter the Regional Administrator, Mahé / Regional Executive Officer, Mahé used to exercise the power of the chairman and Vice-Chairman in the capacity of Special Officer of Mahé Municipal Council.
Divisions under Mahé Municipality
- Mahé Town
- Chalakkara (part of Naluthara pocket)
- Chembra (part of Naluthara pocket)
- Palloor (part of Naluthara pocket)
- Pandakkal (part of Naluthara pocket)
Present Wards of Mahé Municipality
Mahé Municipality consists of 15 wards. They are: Mahé Pocket
- Pandakkal North
- Pandakkal Central
- Pandakkal South
- Palloor North-East
- Palloor North-West
- Palloor South-West
- Palloor South-East
- Chalakkara North
- Chalakkara South
Civic elections were held during 2006 after nearly 30 years. Based on the elections, the chairman and fifteen councilors of Mahé Municipality were sworn in. After the term of the 2006 candidates new civic elections are yet to be held in Mahé .
Famous and popular people
- M. Mukundan, Malayalam novelist and fiction writer. His novel, Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil, vividly describes the political and social background of Mahé in the past, in a mystical way.
- I. K. Kumaran, leader of French Indian Liberation Movement (Mahé Mahajana Sabha party), known as Mayyazhi Gandhi, and the first Administrator of free Mahé.
- M. Night Shyamalan, filmmaker and script writer of Hollywood.
- V. N. Purushothaman, the last Mayor and the first chairman of the Mahé Municipality.
- P.K.Usman Master, Leader of French Indian Liberation movement.
- Paramil Shishupal Master, Professor and Freedom fighter in Mahé.
- Pondayat Anandan Nair, leader of Mahé Mahajana Sabha.
- C. E. Barathan, secretary of Mahé Mahajana Sabha. Minister in Goubert's first ministry in Puducherry.
- P. K. Raman, leader of the French Indian Liberation movement and treasurer of the first independent Mahé. Founder of Sree Krishna Bhajana Samithi and
- M. Raghavan Novelist and short story writer, recipient of Malayala Ratna Award for his contributions to Malayalam language and literature.
- Paleri Damodharan Master :Former president and founding director of Alliance française MAHE or AF MAHE
- Adiyeri Gangadharan, Malayalam Poet, Writer. Recipient of the Puducherry Government's Malayala Ratna Award 2003 & Editor, Bharathadesom Magazine.
- P. Kumaran, founder member and vice-President of the Mahé Mahajana Sabha party during freedom struggle.
Major worship places in Mahé
- Mahe Juma Masjid, Manjackal, Mahe
- Islahi Centre – Masjid, Mundock, Mahe
- Sree Krishna temple, Choodikotta, Mahé
- Sree Kurumba Bagavathi Temple – Parakkal, Mahé
- Sree Kurumba Bagavathi Temple – Valavil Mahé
- Puthalam temple in Mahé, known for its Theyyam
- Koyyodan Koroth Temple, Palloor
- Puthanambalam Temple, Palloor
- Avaroth,Vettakkorumakan Temple, East Palloor
- Sree Maha Ganapathi Temple, Koyyot Street, Palloor
- Ayyappan Kavu or Pandokkavu, Pandakkal
- Pandokooloth Temple, Pandakkal
- Sree Hareeshvara temple, Mundok, Mahé
- Sree Varaprath Kavu, Challakkra
- St Theresa Church, Mahé
- Kallappalli, Cherukallayi
- Juma Masjid, Gramathi
- Juma Masjid, Mangad
Other Notable Locations
- Tagore Park at the mouth of the Mahe river.
- Mahé Walkway - Known for its beautiful sunsets.
- Water Sports Complex also known as Boat House at Manjakkal. It offers a scenic view if the Hills and the Railway bridge across Mahe river.
- Mahe Indoor Stadium, Manjackal.
- Mahe Light house - A beautiful birds eye view of the Mahe river joining Arabian Sea.
- Fishing Harbour in Mahe.
- Spinning & Weaving Mills NTC, East Pallor
In art and literature
- Noted Malayalam author M. Mukundan's famous novel, Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil, vividly describes the political and social background of Mahé in the past, in a mystical way.
- 1992 Malayalam feature film Daivathinte Vikrithikal, directed by Lenin Rajendran and based on the novel of the same name by M Mukundan, is set in the ex-French colony of Mayyazhi (Mahé).
- French India
- French East India Company
- Municipal Administration in French India
- Causes for Liberation of French colonies in India
- Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais
- Malabar (Northern Kerala)
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "History of Mahé". Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Mahé Co-operative College of Teacher Education (MCCTE). Pondicherry Today. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Mahé Co-operative College of Teacher Education (MCCTE). Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Malayala Ratna Award 2007
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