Mahanagar Telephone Nigam

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Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
Type Publicly listed state-owned enterprise
Traded as NSEMTNL
BSE500108
OTCQXMTENY
Industry Telecommunications
Founded (1 April 1986 (1986-04-01))
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Key people P.K.Purwar[1]
(Chairman & MD)
Products Fixed-line, mobile telephony, wired and wireless broadband, Fibre-to-the-home, dial-up internet, IPTV, digital television
Revenue Decrease $788.7 million (2010)[2]
Net income Decrease $-567.5 million (2010)[2]
Total assets Increase $6.988 billion (2010)[2]
Total equity Decrease $1.351 billion (2010)[2]
Owners Government of India (100%)
Employees 45,000 (2010)[2]
Subsidiaries Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)
Website www.mtnldelhi.in www.mtnlmumbai.in

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) is a state-owned telecommunications service provider in the metro cities of Mumbai and New Delhi in India and in the island nation of Mauritius in Africa. The company had a monopoly in Mumbai and New Delhi until 1992, when the telecom sector was opened to other service providers. "Transparency makes us different" is the motto of the company. The Government of India currently holds 100% stake in the company.[3] In recent years, MTNL has been losing revenue and market share heavily due immense competition in the Indian telecom sector.[4]

Name[edit]

'Maha' = big or great
'Nagar' = city or town
'Mahanagar' = metropolis or megacity
'Nigam' = venture or enterprise.

History[edit]

Bombay Telephone was founded in 1882. The first telephone exchange in Mumbai began operations on 28 January 1882.[5] Delhi's first telephone system was established in 1911.[6] Mahanagar Telephone Nigam was created by the Government of India in 1986 to oversee the telephone services of Delhi and Mumbai.[5]

Products[edit]

Telephone and Mobile[edit]

MTNL provides fixed line telephones and WLL services. It also provides mobile services on GSM and CDMA platforms. MTNL various service brands are:

Dolphin – a postpaid GSM service which also provides value added services such as 3G,
Trump – a prepaid GSM service, similar to Dolphin,
Garuda – a WLL service which provides an FW tariff, and a Mobile tariff

Phone numbers belonging to MTNL start with the prefix 2 in fixed line telephones and WLL. In GSM, mobile numbers start with the prefixes 901x, 9868, 9757, 9869, 9968,and 9969.

MTNL's efficiency has drastically improved from the past, when a customers had to wait much longer to be connected. At present, a customer can receive a connection within hours of the request being submitted.

3G Mobile Service[edit]

MTNL started 3G services in India under the name of "MTNL 3G Jadoo." Services offered include video calling, mobile TV and mobile broadband with high speed data connectivity up to 3.6 Mbit/s from 11 December 2008. MTNL plans to offer 3G services across India by mid-2009. MTNL also provides 3G data cards for usage in devices other than mobile phones. MTNL will be installing 15 lakh 3G lines in the first phase of its 3G roll-out in Mumbai and Delhi (which currently have 40 lakh existing mobile lines). MTNL announced in Jan, 2012 that they will upgrade its 3G network to more advanced HSPA+ with download speeds up to 28.8Mbit/s before the end of 2012.

MTNL rolled out its BlackBerry solutions on the 2G and 3G networks by launching India’s first 3G enabled BlackBerry Bold smart phones.

Broadband and FTTH[edit]

MTNL is the largest ISP in Mumbai and Delhi (in terms of market share), and the third largest ISP in India though it has presence just in two circles. MTNL provides TriBand Internet services through dialup and DSL. It provides games on demand, video on demand, and IPTV services in India through TriBand. TriBand is targeted at homes and small businesses.

MTNL began offering fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) triple play (voice, video, and data) high speed broadband service in Delhi on 9 November 2011.[7] FTTH, with core network speed up to 1 Gbit/s, was launched in Mumbai on 1 March 2012.[8] MTNL FTTH Broadband offers several services based on triple play services like IPTV, HDTV, 3DTV, video on demand, bandwidth on demand, instant video conferencing, interactive gaming and several other value added services.

In 2004, telecom regulator TRAI mandated a minimum speed of 256 kbit/s for all broadband connections. MTNL increased the minimum speed of all its broadband plans to 512 kbit/s from existing 256 kbit/s, effective 26 January 2012, becoming the first ISP in India to opt for a minimum broadband speed from 256 kbit/s to 512 kbit/s, without any mandatory regulation.[9] On 12 November 2013, MTNL announced that it would upgrade the speed of all its existing unlimited broadband plans in Mumbai to a minimum of 1 Mbit/s, at no additional cost.[10]

MTNL also provides other services such as VPN, VOIP, and leased lines through BSNL and VSNL.

Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)[edit]

MTNL has set up a wholly owned subsidiary called Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) in Mauritius, providing mobile and international long distance services. MTML is the second operator in Mauritius. Necessary licenses were obtained in January 2004. MTML has already started its ILD & CDMA based basic services in Mauritius. In Mauritius, 44,312 telephone connections are operational from a total switching capacity of 50,000. Moreover, through joint ventures with local telecommunications providers, MTML plans to offer Internet access through its wireless network by February 2007.

Joint Ventures[edit]

MTNL-STPI IT Services Limited[edit]

MTNL-STPI IT Services Ltd. is a 50:50 Joint Venture between Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited, (MTNL).

Millennium Telecom Limited (MTL)[edit]

MTNL has restructured Millennium Telecom Ltd. (MTL) as a Joint Venture company of MTNL and BSNL with 50% and 50% equity participation respectively. The company will now be entering into new business stream of international long distance operations and will be executing a project of submarine cable system, both east and west from India.

Website hacked[edit]

The MTNL Mumbai website was hacked in August 2013, with a person who identified as Mr. Creepy posting a message about Pakistan's independence day on the webpage in lieu of the usual content.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LIST OF DIRECTORS & EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS OF M. T. N.L.". mtnl.in. Retrieved 19 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "2010 Form 10-K, Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited". Hoover's. 
  3. ^ Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd – Chairman's Message. Mtnl.in. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
  4. ^ The Hindu Business Line : BSNL-MTNL merger back on the menu. Thehindubusinessline.in (2010-01-08). Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
  5. ^ a b "About Us – MTNL Mumbai". Mahanagar Telephone Nigam. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "History". MTNL. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  7. ^ MTNL Launches FTTH Unlimited Broadband Plans With 10 Mbps Speed. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
  8. ^ MTNL Launches FTTH Broadband Services In Mumbai. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
  9. ^ Bafna, Sanjay. (2012-01-25) Exclusive : MTNL Renovates All BroadBand Plans, 512Kbps is Minimum Broadband Speed From 26 Jan. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  10. ^ Bafna, Sanjay. (2013-11-12) Exclusive : MTNL to Say Bye Bye 512Kbps Speed, Hello to Minimum 1Mbps Speed and More on Broadband for All. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  11. ^ "MTNL Mumbai website attacked by Pakistani hacker". The Times of India. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 

External links[edit]