Mahanagar Telephone Nigam
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (May 2013)|
||It has been suggested that Centre for Excellence in Telecom Technology and Management be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2010.|
|Type||Publicly listed state-owned enterprise|
|Traded as||NSE: MTNL
|Founded||(April 1, 1986)|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
(Chairman & MD)
|Products||Fixed-line, mobile telephony, wired and wireless broadband, Fibre-to-the-home, dial-up internet, IPTV, digital television|
|Revenue||$788.7 million (2010)|
|Net income||$-567.5 million (2010)|
|Total assets||$6.988 billion (2010)|
|Total equity||$1.351 billion (2010)|
|Owner(s)||Government of India (100%)|
|Subsidiaries||Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)|
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) is a state-owned telecommunications service provider in the metro cities of Mumbai and New Delhi in India and in the island nation of Mauritius in Africa. The company had a monopoly in Mumbai and Delhi until 1992, when the telecom sector was opened to other service providers. "Transparency makes us different" is the motto of the company. The Government of India currently holds 100% stake in the company. In recent years, MTNL has been losing revenue and market share heavily due immense competition in the Indian telecom sector.
'Maha' = big or great
'Nagar' = city or town
'Mahanagar' = metropolis or megacity
'Nigam' = venture or enterprise.
MTNL was set up on 1 April 1986 by the Government of India with the aim of upgrading the quality of telecom services, expanding the telecom network, introducing new services and raising revenue for the telecom development needs of India's key metros - Delhi and Mumbai.
MTNL's history in Mumbai dates back to 1882 when a company called Bombay Telephone was founded. Bombay Telephone set up the first Telephone exchange in Mumbai (then known as Bombay) at Fort on 28 January 1882.
Delhi's first telephone system with manual exchange was established in 1911.
Telephone and Mobile
- Dolphin - a postpaid GSM service which also provides value added services such as 3G,
- Trump - a prepaid GSM service, similar to Dolphin,
- Garuda - a WLL service which provides an FW tariff, and a Mobile tariff
MTNL's efficiency has drastically improved from the past, when a customers had to wait much longer to be connected. At present, a customer can receive a connection within hours of the request being submitted.
3G Mobile Service
MTNL started 3G services in India under the name of "MTNL 3G Jadoo." Services offered include video calling, mobile TV and mobile broadband with high speed data connectivity up to 3.6 Mbit/s from 11 December 2008. MTNL plans to offer 3G services across India by mid-2009. MTNL also provides 3G data cards for usage in devices other than mobile phones. MTNL will be installing 15 lakh 3G lines in the first phase of its 3G roll-out in Mumbai and Delhi (which currently have 40 lakh existing mobile lines). MTNL announced in Jan, 2012 that they will upgrade its 3G network to more advanced HSPA+ with download speeds up to 28.8Mbit/s before the end of 2012.
MTNL rolled out its BlackBerry solutions on the 2G and 3G networks by launching India’s first 3G enabled BlackBerry Bold smart phones.
Broadband and FTTH
MTNL is the largest ISP in Mumbai and Delhi (in terms of market share), and the third largest ISP in India though it has presence just in two circles. MTNL is one of the few ISPs in India that provide truly unlimited broadband plans with “Fair Usage Policy” (FUP).
MTNL provides TriBand Internet services through dialup and DSL. It provides games on demand, video on demand, and IPTV services in India through TriBand. TriBand is targeted at homes and small businesses.
On 9 November 2011, MTNL launched Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) triple play high speed broadband service with core network speed up to 10 Gbit/s in Delhi. FTTH, with core network speed up to 1 Gbit/s, was launched in Mumbai on 1 March 2012. MTNL FTTH Broadband offers several services based on Triple play (voice-video-data) services like IPTV, HDTV, 3DTV, video on demand, bandwidth on demand, instant video conferencing, interactive gaming and several other value added services.
In 2004, telecom regulator TRAI mandated a minimum speed of 256 kbit/s for all broadband connections. MTNL increased the minimum speed of all its broadband plans to 512 kbit/s from existing 256 kbit/s, effective 26 January 2012, becoming the first ISP in India to opt for a minimum broadband speed from 256 kbit/s to 512 kbit/s, without any mandatory regulation. On 12 November 2013, MTNL announced that it would upgrade the speed of all its existing unlimited broadband plans in Mumbai to a minimum of 1 Mbit/s, at no additional cost.
Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)
MTNL has set up a wholly owned subsidiary called Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) in Mauritius, providing mobile and international long distance services. MTML is the second operator in Mauritius. Necessary licenses were obtained in January 2004. MTML has already started its ILD & CDMA based basic services in Mauritius. In Mauritius, 44,312 telephone connections are operational from a total switching capacity of 50,000. Moreover, through joint ventures with local telecommunications providers, MTML plans to offer Internet access through its wireless network by February 2007.
MTNL-STPI IT Services Limited
MTNL-STPI IT Services Ltd. is a 50:50 Joint Venture between Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited, (MTNL). The joint venture formed in 2006 combines the STPI's rich experience as an ISP and MTNL's track record of being India's leading telecom operating company to offer niche portal services to the Indian community. The joint venture was formed to realize one of the 10-point agenda of MoC&IT, which are of extreme importance to India for bringing about an all-round economic development. The joint venture aims to provide exclusive data center services, messaging services, business application services to the identified sectors of economic activity and thereby also popularizing the .in domain in the networked community across the world.
Millennium Telecom Limited (MTL)
MTNL has restructured Millennium Telecom Ltd. (MTL) as a Joint Venture company of MTNL and BSNL with 50% and 50% equity participation respectively. The company will now be entering into new business stream of international long distance operations and will be executing a project of submarine cable system, both east and west from India.
BSNL - MTNL Merger Plans
On February 23, 2011, The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) wanted to revive a proposal for the merger of state-owned operators BSNL and MTNL. In its draft plan, the DoT, while showing concern over the deteriorating performance of BSNL and MTNL, said that BSNL and MTNL should be merged as they have complimentary operations and can combine their strengths for synergies. DoT said the government should set up a multi-stakeholder committee to develop a restructuring plan for both firms. The committee should have members from public enterprises, the DoT, Department of IT, and Ministry of Finance. The telecommunication operators should focus on enterprise business, services to government and the public sector, value-added services, and technologies like 3G, the department recommends.
- "2010 Form 10-K, Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited". Hoover's.
- Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd - Chairman's Message. Mtnl.in. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- The Hindu Business Line : BSNL-MTNL merger back on the menu. Thehindubusinessline.in (2010-01-08). Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- About Us. Mtnlmumbai.in. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- MTNL. MTNL. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- Launch of new Broadband. Mtnldelhi.in. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Launch of FTTH symmetric Broadband Plans. Mtnldelhi.in. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- MTNL Launches FTTH Unlimited Broadband Plans With 10 Mbps Speed. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- MTNL Launches FTTH Broadband Services In Mumbai. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
- Bafna, Sanjay. (2012-01-25) Exclusive : MTNL Renovates All BroadBand Plans, 512Kbps is Minimum Broadband Speed From Jan 26. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Bafna, Sanjay. (2013-11-12) Exclusive : MTNL to Say Bye Bye 512Kbps Speed, Hello to Minimum 1Mbps Speed and More on Broadband for All. Telecomtalk.info. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- India revives proposal of BSNL, MTNL merger. Telecompaper (2011-02-23). Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited.|
- MTNL Official website
- MTNL Delhi Official site
- MTNL Mumbai Official site
- MTNL Centre for Excellence in Telecom Technology and Management (CETTM)
- Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) Official site