Suraj Mal

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Not to be confused with Suraj Mal of Nurpur.
Maharaja Suraj Mal
Maharaja of Bharatpur
Bahadur Jung
Maharaja Suraj Mal.jpg
Reign 1756 - 1763 AD
Coronation Deeg, 22nd May 1755
Predecessor Maharaja Badan Singh
Successor Maharaja Jawahar Singh
Issue Jawahar Singh
Nahar Singh
Ratan Singh
Nihal Singh
Ranjit Singh
House Sinsinwar Jat Dynasty
Father Rup Singh
Mother Devki (Deoki)
Born February 1707
Died 25 December 1763
near Delhi
Religion Hinduism

Maharaja Suraj Mal (February 1707–25 December 1763) or Sujan Singh was ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India. A contemporary historian has described him as "the Plato of the Jat people" and by a modern writer as the "Jat Odysseus", because of his political sagacity, steady intellect and clear vision.[1]

Jat rebellion[edit]

As the Administrator of Delhi and the imperial heartlands including Agra, Najib-ul-Daula, was unprepared to halt the Jat peasant uprisings led by Suraj Mal. During one massive assault Jat's overran the Mughal garrison at Agra they plundered the city and the two great silver doors to the entrance of the famous Taj Mahal were looted and melted down by Suraj Mal in 1764.[2]

Death[edit]

Since then many Mughal Faujdars and commanders such as Baloch chiefs of Farrukhnagar and Bahadurgarh joined a small but well-disciplined force organized by Najib-ul-Daula and fought the Jat's and during an ingenious counterattack outside Delhi in which Suraj Mal was defeated and killed by the Mughal cavalry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R.C.Majumdar, H.C.Raychaudhury, Kalikaranjan Datta: An Advanced History of India, fourth edition, 1978, ISBN 0-333-90298-X, Page-535
  2. ^ http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/Culture/Archit/TajM.html
Suraj Mal
Sinsiniwar Jat Dynasty
Born: 1707 Died: 1763
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Badan Singh
Maharaja of Bharatpur
1756–1763 AD
Succeeded by
Maharaja Jawahar Singh