Maharaja of Travancore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kingdom of Travancore
Part of History of Kerala
Flag of Travancore
Travancore Kings
Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma 1729–1758
Dharma Raja 1758–1798
Avittam Thirunal 1798–1810
Gowri Lakshmi Bayi 1810–1815
Gowri Parvati Bayi 1815–1829
Swathi Thirunal 1813–1846
Uthram Thirunal 1846–1860
Ayilyam Thirunal 1860–1880
Visakham Thirunal 1880–1885
Moolam Thirunal 1885–1924
Sethu Lakshmi Bayi 1924–1931
Chithira Thirunal 1924–1991
(1971–1991 titular)
Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma 1991–2013 (Titular)
Moolam Thirunal Rama VarmaVI 2013–Present (Titular)
‡ Regent Queens
Padmanabhapuram 1729–1795
Thiruvananthapuram 1795–1947
Thevally Palace
Padmanabhapuram Palace
Kilimanoor palace
Kuthira Malika
Kowdiar Palace

Maharaja of Travancore was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore in India.

Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore[edit]

Image Name Reign
Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma I 1729–1758
Dharmaraja of Travancore.jpg Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma I (Dharma Raja) 1758–1798
Bala Rama Vurmah Maha Rajah.png Avittom Thirunal Balarama Varma I 1798–1810
Sree Padmanabhasevini Maharani Gowri Lakshmi Bayi.jpg Ayilyom Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bayi 1810-1813 (Queen)
1813–1815 (Regent Queen)
Regent maharani Gowri Parvathi Bayi.jpg Uthrittathi Thirunal Gowri Parvati Bayi 1815–1829 (Regent Queen)
Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Vurmah Maha Rajah.png Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma II 1846–1860
Ayilyam Thirunal Bala Rama Varma II, Travancore (1832-1880).jpg Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma III 1860–1880
Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma of Travancore (1837 - 1885).jpg Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma IV 1880–1885
Sri Rama Varma (Mulam Thirunal).jpg Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma V 1885–1924
SethuLakshmiBayi.jpg Pooradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bayi 1924–1931 (Regent Queen)
Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma.jpg Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma II 1931–1971

Titular Maharaja[edit]

After British India became independent as two dominions in 1947, Chithira Thirunal agreed to accede his state to the new Dominion of India. Travancore was united with the neighbouring Cochin state and Chithira Thirunal served as Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from July 1, 1949 to October 31, 1956, which was the entire duration of the existence of that political entity. On November 1, 1956, the state of Kerala was created by uniting the Malayalam-speaking areas of the Travancore-Cochin Union with those of neighbouring Madras State, and Sree Chithira Thirunal's office of Rajpramukh came to an end. On December 28, 1971, Chithira Thirunal lost his privy purse and other privileges when the Indian government derecognized the rulers of the erstwhile princely states. Since then the head of the Travancore royal family is the pretender to the abolished title. The titular Maharaja fulfills his duties as Maharaja of Travancore in rituals related to the Padmanabhaswamy Temple. But recently, the High Court of Kerala in a judgement stated that, 'though by the 26th amendment of the Constitution, Article 363 was repealed whereby the rights and privileges of the rulers of Indian States were taken away, still the name and title of the rulers remained as such and unaffected in so far as names and titles were not contemplated as rights or privileges under the repealed Articles 291 and 362 of the Constitution.' So the titles weren't abolished by the Government; only their political powers and right to receive Privy Purse were cancelled.[1]

Image Name Period
Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma.jpg Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma II 1971–1991
Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma.jpg Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma III 1991–2013
Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma VI 2013–Present

See also[edit]


  1. ^ hanif, mahir. "'His Highness' isn't unconstitutional: Kerala high court" (Kochi). THE TIMES OF INDIA. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 

External links[edit]