Udai Singh II

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Maharana Udai Singh
The ruler of Mewar
Rana Udai singh II
Reign 1540 - 1572
Predecessor Vikramaditya Singh
Successor Maharana Pratap
Consort Maharani Jaivantabai[1]
Wife
Issue Pratap Singh
Shakti Singh
Kunwar Vikramdev
Jagmal
Sagar Singh
Chand Kanwar
House Sisodia
Father Rana Sanga
Mother Rani Karnavati
Born 4 August 1522
Chittorgarh Fort, Rajasthan, India
Died 28 February 1572
Gogunda, Rajasthan, India
Religion Hinduism

Udai Singh II (August 4, 1522 – February 28, 1572) was the Maharana of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 53rd ruler of the Mewar Dynasty. He was the fourth son of Maharana Sangram Singh (Rana Sanga) [2] and Rani Karnavati, a princess of Bundi.

Early Life, Marriage And Parenthood[edit]

Udai Singh was born in Chittor. In August, 1522. after the death of his father, Maharana Sangram Singh,[3] he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Maharana Ratan Singh. Ratan Singh was assassinated in 1531. He was succeeded by his brother Maharana Vikramaditya Singh. During his reign, when the Turkic Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah sacked Chittor in 1534, Udai Singh was sent to Bundi for safety.[2] In 1537, Banbir killed Vikramaditya and usurped the throne. He tried to kill Udai Singh also, but Udai's nurse Panna Dhai sacrificed her own son to save him from his uncle Banbir and took him to Kumbhalgarh. She did not ask for anything in return either. She started living in Bundi and did not allow Udai Singh to come and meet her. He lived in secret in Kumbhalgarh for two years, disguised as a nephew of the governor Asha Shah Depura(Maheshwari).

In 1540, he was crowned in Kumbhalgarh by the nobles of Mewar. His eldest son Maharana Pratap from his first wife, Maharani Jaivantabai Songara[daughter of Akhey Raj Songara of Jalore], was born in the same year.[4] He had twenty wives and twenty-five sons. His second wife, Sajjabai Solankini gave birth to his son Shakti, Sagar Singh and Vikram Dev. Dheerbai Bhattiyani was his favourite wife and was the mother of his son Jagmal Singh and daughters Chand kanwar and Maan Kanwar. His fourth wife was Rani Veerbai Jhaala daughter of Rana Jaith Singh of Kherwa.

The reign[edit]

In 1562, he gave refuge to Baz Bahadur of Malwa. Using this as a pretext, Akbar attacked Mewar in October,1567. On October 23, 1567 Akbar formed his camp near Udaipur. According to Kaviraj Shyamaldas, Udai Singh called a council of war. The nobles advised him to take refuge along with the princes in the hills, leaving a garrison at Chittor. Udai Singh retired to Gogunda (which later became his temporary capital) leaving Chittor in the hands of his loyal chieftains Jaimal and Patta. Akbar captured Chittor after a long siege on February 25, 1568.[5][6] He later shifted his capital to Udaipur. He died in 1572 in Gogunda. Before his death, he nominated his fourth son Jagmal as his successor under the influence of his favourite queen and Jagmal's mother Rani Bhattiyani. But after his death, the nobles of Mewar prevented Jagmal from succeeding and placed Maharana Pratap Singh on the throne on March 1, 1572.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rana, Bhawan Singh (2004). Maharana Pratap. Diamond Pocket Books. pp. 28, 105. ISBN 9788128808258. 
  2. ^ a b Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.240-52
  3. ^ Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) History of Medieval India, Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.11
  4. ^ a b Tod, James (1829, reprint 2002). Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than, Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.252-64
  5. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2007). The mughal Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1, pp.332-5
  6. ^ Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) History of Medieval India, Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, pp.74-6

External links[edit]