Maharashtra Navnirman Sena

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Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
महाराष्ट्र नवनिर्माण सेना
Leader Raj Thackeray
Chairperson Raj Thackeray
Founded 9 March 2006
Headquarters 2nd Fl, Matoshri Towers, Shivaji Park, Mumbai
Ideology Marathi nationalism
Political position Far-right
International affiliation None
Colours Deep saffron , royal blue, green
ECI Status State Party[1]
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
13 / 289
Website
www.manase.org
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

The Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र नवनिर्माण सेना) is a Maharashtrian Nationalist party based in Maharashtra and operates on the motto of "Sons of the Soil". It was founded on 9 March 2006 in Mumbai by Raj Thackeray after he left the Shiv Sena due to differences with Uddhav Thackeray and sidelining in major decisions like distribution of election tickets.

Foundation[edit]

The party was founded by Raj Thackeray, nephew of late Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray. Raj Thackeray resigned from his uncle's party in January 2006 and announced his intention to start a new political party. The reason given by him for breaking away from the Shiv Sena was that the latter was "run by petty clerks" because of which it had "fallen from its former glory". Also Thackeray declared his motive of building a political awareness for the development related issues of the state and giving them a center stage in national politics.

At the time of the party's foundation, Raj Thackeray stated that he does not want to have hostilities with his uncle who "was, is and always will be (his) mentor".

Although the MNS is a break-away group from the Shiv Sena, the party is still based on Marathi and Bhumiputra ideologies. When unveiling the party in an assembly at Shivaji Park he said, that everyone is anxious to see what will happen to Hindutva.[2] When unveiling, he also said, "I shall elaborate on the party's stance on issues like Sons of Soil and Marathi, its agenda for development of Maharashtra and the significance of the party flag colours at the March 19 public meeting."[3] Raj Thackeray considers himself an Indian nationalist.[4] The party also recognises secularism as one of its core tenets.[5]

Controversies[edit]

Chairman of Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Raj Thackeray

2008 violence against North Indians in Maharashtra[edit]

Rally at Shivaji Park, Mumbai in which Raj spoke out against North Indians.

In February 2008, some MNS activists clashed with Samajwadi Party (SP) party workers in Mumbai when Samajwadi Party supporters attended a rally at Shivaji Park, Dadar, Mumbai, a stronghold of MNS, where Samajwadi Party leader, Abu Asim Azmi made a fiery speech. After the clashes, 73 MNS activists and 19 SP workers were arrested by Mumbai Police for indulging in violence.[6]

On 6 February 2008, reportedly, about 200 Congress and NCP party workers quit the party and joined Maharashtra Navnirman Sena to support against MNS's pro Marathi agenda.[7]

A petition was filed in the Patna civil court on 8 February against Thackeray for his alleged remarks over Chhath, Bihar's most popular festival of Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh (Purvanchal).[8] Mr. Thackeray maintains he is not against Chhath Puja,[9] but against the "show of arrogance" and "Politicization of Chatth Puja" displayed by some people from Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh on this occasion.

On 10 February 2008, MNS workers attacked vendors and shopkeepers from North India in various parts of Maharashtra, and destroyed government property to vent their anger against the reported move to arrest Raj Thackeray.[10] Nashik police detained 26 MNS workers for the violence.

In February 2008, Raj Thackarey's speech on the issue of uncontrolled migration into Mumbai from other parts of India created a well publicised controversy. Maharashtra's economy leads other states in India and its capital Mumbai has become a magnet to migrant population from states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. MNS supporters clashed with activists of the Samajwadi Party, a regional party for Muslims from Uttar Pradesh leading to street violence. Thackeray also criticised noted film actor turned politician Amitabh Bachchan, a native of Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, for business toward Uttar Pradesh because of Amar Singh. Bachchan came into fame and fortune in Mumbai's film industry – Bollywood.[11][12]

On 8 September 2008, Infosys Technologies announced that 3,000 employee positions had been shifted from Pune due to construction delays caused earlier that year by MNS attacks on North Indian construction workers in Maharashtra.[13] On 15 October 2008, Thackeray threatened to shut down Jet Airways operations in Maharashtra if they did not rehire probationary employees that had been shed in a cost cutting move forced by the economic downturn.[14]

In October 2008, MNS activists beat up North Indian candidates appearing for the all-India Railway Recruitment Board entrance exam for the Western region in Mumbai.[15] One Bihari died because of train accident in third class and Hindi Media with support from NCP/Congress successfully potrate it as guy died ensuing rioting.[16] In retaliation for the MNS' attack on Biharis and North Indians in general, the Bharatiya Bhojpuri Sangh attacked the residence of a Marathi official of Tata Motors in Jamshedpur.[17] Following the uproar in the Indian parliament, and calls that there was no pressure to arrest the MNS chief,[18] Raj Thackeray was arrested in the early hours of 21 October. He was produced before a court on the day itself and would return the next day after spending the night in jail.[19] Following the arrest, however, MNS party activists took out their anger on parts of Mumbai city and the region at large.[20] The arrest resulted in applause, fear and calls for a ban on the MNS.[21][22][23] The Shiv Sena, however, maintained a cool response, although senior party leader Manohar Joshi said they were close to supporting the MNS in their agitation against the non-Marathi candidates for the railway board exam.[24]

Clash with Shiv Sena[edit]

On 10 October 2006 clashes erupted between supporters of Shiv Sena and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena headed by Raj Thackeray. It was alleged that workers of MNS had tore the posters bearing the photographs of Shiv Sena Supremo Bal Thackeray near the SIES college in Mumbai. Later as retaliation it was alleged that Shiv Sena workers brought down the hoardings with Raj Thackeray's photo near the Sena Bhavan at Dadar. As the news spread about the incident groups gathered near the Sena Bhavan and started pelting stones at each other. In this incident a policeman was injured and many supporters of both parties were injured. To restore normalcy in the situation the police fired tear gas shells at the mob. Normalcy was eventually restored following police action and the appearance of Uddhav Thackeray and his cousin Raj Thackeray on the spot. Uddhav appealed to Sena workers to go back home.[25] He said: "The police will take necessary action. This is happening because many people are joining us from MNS. The defections have started and that is why they are resorting to such actions".[25] The division chief of the Shiv Sena Milind Vaidya said that they had lodged a complaint with the local police against an MNS worker who was involved in the incident. MNS general secretary Pravin Darekar, however, pinned the cause down to local elections in the SIES college. He alleges that the Sena is concerned about losing their hold over the colleges and that is why they are trying to color the issue, adding that the Sena's allegations had no merit. Raj Thackeray asserts that MNS could not have vandalized the pictures, seeing as how he and his members revere Bal Thackeray.[26] notice from some MP's for remarks made by the Bal Thackeray against Uttar Bharatiyas, MNS chief Raj Thackeray had said he would not allow any politician from UP and Bihar to enter Mumbai if the parliamentary panel insisted on summoning Bal Thackeray. Bal countered this by terming his nephew Raj a "backstabber" and reacted to the MNS chief with a "big no thank you."[27]

Shiv Sena (SS) and MNS workers also clashed at Anand Nagar in Oshiwara over the issuance of Navratri posters during the holiday season. SS corporator Rajul Patel said "The MNS activists had put up huge hoardings and were demanding money from people to remove them. People complained to us and we objected. This led to a scuffle." MNS Vibhag Pramukh (Division Leader) Manish Dhuri retorted that "the Sainiks are jealous of our popularity. On Sunday afternoon, a mob of Shiv Sainiks came to the area and started pulling down posters that were put up by us. We objected to this. Unfortunately, one MNS activist sustained severe injuries."[28]

Denunciation of MLA Abu Azmi[edit]

On 9 November 2009 Abu Azmi of the Samajwadi Party was denounced and prevented by MLA of the MNS from taking his oath in Hindi and not in state official language Marathi. As a result of this incident, the speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly suspended the 4 MNS MLAs involved in the skirmish for a period of four years. They were also barred from entering Mumbai and Nagpur whenever the assembly met in the two cities.[29] The MLAs suspended were Ram Kadam, Ramesh Wanjale, Shishir Shinde and Vasant Gite.[30][31] The suspension was later revoked in July 2010.[32]

Growth in potency[edit]

A memorial erected by the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena outside Borivali station aftermath the 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings

In October 2008, Jet Airways laid off almost 1,000 employees. In the frenzy for reinstatement that followed numerous political parties took the stand for the probationers’ cause. First the MNS and the SS came in, then the established national parties, the Congress and the BJP. Even the CPI M, rallied in support of the laid off calcutta employees.

One day after the lay off, the retrenched former staff flocked to the MNS office, even though the SS labour arm, the Bharatiya Kamgar Sena generally rules the aviation unions. The MNS then led more than 300 former employees to Jet's office in Marol. MNS general secretary Nitin Sardesai said, "We met Jet officials today while a lot of (cabin) crew and MNS workers were protesting outside. While we were talking, Jet chairman Naresh Goyal telephoned Raj Thackeray.... He requested us to end the protest and offered to meet Rajsaheb in a couple of days. We had a one-point agenda that those laid off should be taken back."

In two days the MNS march and support got the staff re-hired. The media widely appeared to pronounce Raj as having won the game of one upmanship with the SS, whose mantle of aggressive street politics was seen as having been usurped. This was a big boost for the MNS' newly formed trade union, the Maharashtra Navnirman Kamgar Sena, which has been trying to cut into the SS' influence in the aviation, hotel and entertainment sectors.[33]

Elected representatives[edit]

Performance in the Maharashtra municipal elections, 2012.

Municipal Corporation Elected (Out of)
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation 28 (227)
Thane Municipal Corporation 7 (130)
Kalyan-Dombivali Municipal Corporation 26 (107)
Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation 1 (78)
Pune Municipal Corporation 29 (152)
Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation 4 (128)
Nashik Municipal Corporation 40 (122)
Akola Municipal Corporation 1 (73)
Amravati Municipal Corporation 0 (87)
Nagpur Municipal Corporation 2 (145)
Malegaon Municipal Corporation 2 (31)
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation 2013 13 (45)
Palghar Municipal Corporation 2009 0 (12)
Source: MahaSEC[34]
Largest Party

MNS won 13 assembly seats (out of 288) in the 2009 assembly elections Maharashtra. These include 6 in Mumbai,2 in Thane, 3 in Nashik,1 in Pune and 1 in Kannad(Aurangabad) and remain at 2nd spot at more than 24 places. This result (4.5% seats) makes MNS, fourth in largest party in Maharashtra assembly after Congress-NCP(144 seats), BJP-Shiv-Sena(90 seats), Third Front(14 seats).[35]

Political criticism[edit]

Following an attack on North Indians who had turned up to the RRB (Railway Recruitment Board) railway exam in Mumbai numerous politicians, mainly from the ruling UPA central government, harshly criticised Raj Thackeray and the MNS.

Three UPA ministers demanded tough action, including a call for a ban against the party. Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav demanded a ban on the MNS and its chief was a "mental case," Steel Minister Ram Vilas Paswan added that he would raise the issue in the next cabinet meeting and wondered why no action was being, or had been, taken against the MNS despite a repetition of such violent incidents. He said: "I strongly condemn the incident. There should be strong action against that party...MNS should be banned. [The] Thackeray family has become a chronic problem for Maharashtra and Raj Thackeray, in particular, has become a mental case." The Minister for Food Processing Industries, as well as a Congress leader, Subodh Kant Sahay demanded the Congress-NCP coalition government in Maharashtra treat those responsible for the attacks as criminals. He said, "I have spoken to Maharashtra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh and asked him on the goondaism that is going on in the state." As far the government's action till date is concerned, it has been soft on them. It should take action as too much has already happened there." They are not workers. They are looters. Organisations like MNS, Bajrang Dal, VHP and RSS should be banned."[36]

On the first working day following the incident uproarous scene were seen in the national parliament. Numerous members of Parliament condemned the attacks. They also indirectly criticised railway minister Lalu Prasad Yadav while noting that even in their regions, the maximum recruitments being made were those of people from Bihar and not from the state where the recruitment drives were held, adding come credence to the MNS' drive. Speaking first on the issue, RJD leader Devendra Prasad Yadav demanded that the Centre take action in the state under Article 355. He noted that despite the attacks, the Maharashtra chief minister has maintained a silence on the issue. Adding that such actions threaten the unity and integrity of the country. Other MP's also demanded the invokation of Article 355 in the light of the attacks. Shahnawaz Hussain of the BJP made such demands in asking if people from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh needed a permit to travel to other parts of the country. The CPI M's Mohammed Salim said that such incidents threaten the country's integrity and send a wrong signal to the rest of the country. Anant Geete of the Shiv Sena, however, tried to give the other side of the story by noting the 4.2 million educated and unemployed youth in Maharashtra.[37] The CPI (M) strongly condemned the attack, terming them a "blatant" assault on the Constitution and demanded the immediate arrest of party chief Raj Thackeray, adding that any leniency shown to "divisive forces" will have far-reaching consequences. The CPI(M) Politbureau said the attack on the Constitution was a poor showing on the Maharashtra government which is duty bound to protect and take stringent action against the perpetrators of such crimes. "That it has failed to do so and in fact showing leniency to the leader of the outfit shows the utter bankruptcy of the politics of Congress and its coalition partner." The CPI also said such attacks should not be tolerated and Thackeray and his supporters must be "immediately arrested and prosecuted".[38] Maharasthra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh said his government is responsible for failure in preventing attacks and ordered a probe into the incident, which will also inquire into why the job advertisements where not given in Marathi newspapers. He said: "What has happened is not good. Such incidents take place because of loopholes in the law. One can't hold only the Home Ministry responsible for it, it is (entire) Government's responsibility. Such incidents are affecting the image of the state and I have instructed the DGP to take stern action." On Raj Thackeray's accusation that job advertisements were not published in local newspapers to keep out Maharashtrian candidates, he said, "An inquiry would also be conducted about why advertisements about the examination were not given in Marathi newspapers and the number of Marathi candidates invited for the exam." He also assured that such incidents of vandalism would not take place in future.[39] In January 2009, artist Pranava Prakash exhibited his painting series "Chal Hat Be Bihari" in Delhi. It showed in pop style the 2008 attacks on North Indians in Maharashtra in the context of xenophobia.[40]

Political support[edit]

The MNS has received support from local Marathi speaking Muslim community of Umarkhadi and Dongri areas of Mumbai.[41] Many actors from Marathi Cinema, like Nana Patekar, Ashok Saraf, Prashant Damle, Kuldeep Pawar and Mohan Joshi have come out in support of "son of soil" theory put forth by the MNS.[42] The Jharkhand Disom Party has also let support to Maharashtra Navnirman Sena's agitations against North Indians in Maharashtra.[43]

Other activities[edit]

An ambulance run by MNS.

MNS organises functions to promote Marathi literature.[44] MNS also holds training workshops for the youths to work in retail industry under its child organisation Navnirman Academy of Retail Industries. The Student wing named as the Maharashtra Navnirman Vidyarthi Sena is an upcoming organisation with a large number of college going youth . It is the only students wing to have a separate Girls, Cultural and Sports cell. It is headed by Aditya Shirodkar, the son of lawyer Rajan Shirodkar .[45] MNS also organizes blood donation camps.[46]

Other organisations of Maharashtra Navnirman Sena[edit]

  • Maharashtra Navnirman vahtuk Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Sharirik Prasikshan Vibhaag
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Vidyarthi Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Rail Sena
  • Hawai Karmachari Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Rajya Parivahan Karmachari Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Mahila Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Kamgar Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Chitrapat Karmachari Sena[47]
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Navik Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Rojgar Swaymrojgar Sena
  • Maharashtra Navnirman Mahiti Tantradan Vibhag(MNS IT WING)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Political Parties And Election Symbols". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  2. ^ P. 1048 Indian Political Parties Annual, 2006 By Mahendra Gaur.
  3. ^ "Raj Thackeray launches new party", Press Trust of India – Updated: Thursday, March 09, 2006 at 1914 hours IST
  4. ^ P. 1048 Indian Political Parties Annual, 2006 By Mahendra Gaur
  5. ^ "Objectives and Policies". Manase.org. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  6. ^ MNS leader Shishir Shinde detained: Report
  7. ^ Fed up with MNS, 200 members join Shiv Sena
  8. ^ Petition against Raj Thackeray in Patna court
  9. ^ "We are not against North Indians: Parkar". Indiainfo.com. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  10. ^ Anti-migrant violence spreads beyond Mumbai
  11. ^ Jaya takes on Raj; MNS, SP activists clash in Mumbai
  12. ^ Raj Thackeray flays Amitabh for UP interests
  13. ^ Pune loses 3,000 jobs as Infy looks at Chennai
  14. ^ Raj Thackeray threatens Jet Airways, wants sacked staff reinstated
  15. ^ North Indians attacked in Mumbai. Rahi Gaikwad.
  16. ^ Agencies. "MNS attack: Bihar boy dies, CM announces ex-gratia". Express India. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  17. ^ PTI (21 October 2008). "MNS row: Tata employee's house ransacked in Jamshedpur – Times Of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  18. ^ "The Hindu News Update Service". Chennai, India: Hindu.com. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  19. ^ "Raj Thackeray gets 2-week judicial custody". Specials.rediff.com. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  20. ^ "Raj held, MNS vandalises Maharashtra – Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  21. ^ Express News Service (22 October 2008). "Maya demands ban on MNS". Express India. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  22. ^ "Lalu censures Cong CM while lashing at MNS hooligans – Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ "Sena chooses to play down MNS 'antics' – Times of India". The Times of India. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  25. ^ a b "Shiv Sena workers, Raj supporters clash". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-17. 
  26. ^ "Sena vs new Sena, 30 injured". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  27. ^ S Balakrishnan (2 October 2008). "Don't shed croc tears, Thackeray tells Raj – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  28. ^ TNN (13 October 2008). "MNS, Shiv Sena men clash over Navratri hoardings – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  29. ^ "Azmi attacked over Hindi oath, four MNS members suspended". The Hindustan Times. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  30. ^ "Four MNS legislators suspended for attack on Azmi". Thaindian.com. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  31. ^ "MNS MLAs attack Azmi for taking oath in Hindi; suspended". Zee News. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  32. ^ "Assembly revokes suspension of 4 MNS legislators". The Times of India. 2010-07-13. Retrieved 2013-07-03. 
  33. ^ "Raj steals Sena thunder". Calcutta, India: Telegraphindia.com. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  34. ^ "State Election Commission Maharashtra". Docs.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  35. ^ "Maharashtra Election Results, Maharashtra Election Results 2009". Sify.com. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  36. ^ [2][dead link]
  37. ^ "Breaking news, views, current affairs & Infotainment". Khabrein.info. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  38. ^ "The Hindu News Update Service". Chennai, India: Hindu.com. 20 October 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  39. ^ PTI (20 October 2008). "Government owns responsibility for MNS attack: Vilasrao – Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  40. ^ [3][dead link]
  41. ^ "Raj Thackeray finds support in Mumbai's Muslims". Indian Express. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  42. ^ "Marathi actors back Raj". Deccan Herald. 4 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  43. ^ "JDP supports Raj Thackeray". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  44. ^ "Tendulkar dons poet's hat". Rediff. 30 October 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  45. ^ "Politicians forge ties with youth". The Economic Times. NASSCOM. 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  46. ^ "MNS supporters celebrate Raj Thackeray's birthday". DNA India. 14 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  47. ^ http://www.manase.org/en/maharashtra.php?mid=67&smid=16&id=287

External links[edit]