Maharishi Sthapatya Veda
Maharishi Sthapatya Veda (MSV) is a set of architectural and planning principles assembled by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi based on "ancient Sanskrit texts" Maharishi Sthapatya Veda architecture is also called "Maharishi Vastu" architecture, "Fortune-Creating" buildings and homes, and "Maharishi Vedic architecture".
MSV has strict rules governing the orientation and proportions of a building. The most important factor is the entrance, which must be either due east or due north. The MSV architect also considers the slope and shape of the lot, exposure to the rising sun, location of nearby bodies of water and the other buildings or activities in the nearby environment. MSV emphasizes the use of natural or "green" building materials.
MSV homes are marketed in the US by Maharishi Global Construction, LLC, and by MSV Homes in the UK, both arms of the Transcendental Meditation movement. Several communities around the world have been developed using MSV principles. The plans for Peace Tower, which would have been the world's tallest building, followed MSV specifications.
- 1 Principles and effects
- 2 Architects
- 3 Organizations
- 4 Global Reconstruction
- 5 Projects
- 5.1 Buildings
- 5.2 Cities and developments
- 6 Reception
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Principles and effects
According to Maharishi Global Construction (MGC) in Fairfield, Iowa, building a home according to the principles of MSV "connects the individual intelligence of the occupant of the house to the cosmic intelligence of the universe". Proponents of MSV say its basis is in the Vedas, 5,000 year old Sanskrit texts that assert a connection between human health and building materials, orientation to the movements of the sun and spatial relationships. According to Lipman, Vedic architecture and feng shui have a common root, but MSV is more scientific, while feng shui has superstitious elements. Lipman says that MSV is derived from "lost and misunderstood" principles, natural law, "whereby the entire universe is created: galaxies, planets, human beings" along with buildings and cities.
Craig Pearson, Executive Vice President of Maharishi University of Management (MUM), says that spending time in buildings that follow these principles makes one smarter. Proponents say that MSV homes have escaped wildfires that burned neighboring homes, and that businesses located in MSV office buildings have greater profit and lower absenteeism. Residents of MSV homes in Maharishi Vedic City, Iowa say they felt vitality, calm and happiness when they moved into their Vedic houses. A mother says that her boys are more orderly. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi has said, "Living in a proper vastu can eliminate 60 to 80 percent of the problems we encounter in life." Peter Warburon, Raja of England, says that the practice of the Maharishi’s Vedic peace technologies is more powerful with Vastu buildings. Yale University architecture professor Keller Easterling says that MSV is fueled by a desire to create outposts for broadcasting the Maharishi Effect.
Auspicious locations have water to the east or north. If water is in an inauspicious location then it can be balanced with fountains on the north side. Items in the nearby environment that generate electro-magnetic fields, such as high tension wires and microwave towers, are avoided. The slope, if any, should be towards the east, and there should be no obstructions that block the sun's first rays.
The principles of orientation in Maharishi Sthapatya Veda are based on the position of the sun, considered by MSV to be the most powerful natural influence on Earth. Aligning a structure with the rising sun (facing east) is considered by MSV adherents to be auspicious for the building's inhabitants and to be "spiritually healthy." According to the principles of MSV, the other three cardinal directions also have their corresponding influences. For example, homes with entrances facing west invite "poverty, lack of creativity and vitality," and "anxiety, depression, bad luck and even criminal tendencies." According to the MSV official website, the north direction has the influence of prosperity and happiness and the south direction has the influence of negativity, problems and suffering. Proper orientation is also said to increase business productivity.
When a house for a particular individual is being designed using MSV principles, the placement of the building and its rooms are carefully planned according to their intended usage and the influence of the sun as it moves throughout the day. Rooms are placed to "take in the sun's light as it passes overhead." Windows and skylights are also used to allow as much natural sunlight as possible to enter the building. An aspect of MSV called "Vastu Vidya" determines the places in the building that are used for generating and storing natural elements like fire and water, heating and plumbing. Bathroom fixtures such as sinks and mirrors also have a particular placement according to MSV rules; for example, toilets must face south. Kitchens and dining rooms should be on the east side, and offices on the west. Beds should face north or northeast. MSV commercial buildings are often designed as linear "bar buildings" to offer the most east-facing exposure.
MSV says that symmetry is orderly and helps to coordinate the various aspects of a structure, and that there is an ideal proportion for every room in a home or office. Also, the length, width and elevation of the building are calculated using the ancient Vedic mathematical formulas and requires a level of construction precision to one-eighth of an inch.
MSV planning and building takes into account the effects of the sun, moon, planets and stars, and also using the poles and the equator as reference points. Its measurements and proportions are said to be calculated in reference to proportions of the human physiology and the cosmos, and in harmony with nature.
One of the features of MVS design is the Brahmasthan, whose literal translation is "establish wholness". The Brahmasthan is a central space "lit by a skylight" that serves as a "silent core" and is "never walked on". The Brahmastan is said to act as the "nucleus" or axis point for the structure like the nucleus of a cell or an atom.
Other features include a perimeter designation called a vastu fence. This boundary line may consist of shrubs or a metal, stone or wood fence. It is ideally about 30 feet (9.1 m) away from the front and back of the building and eight feet away from the sides. Another feature is a "small, golden, roof ornament" or cupola, called a kalash, which one MSV architect says improves the connection between the residents and heaven. A defined plinth is another standard element. Color is also covered by MSV.
Three "special ceremonies" performed on "auspicious dates" are recommended by MSV. These include a ground breaking, which is described as digging a precise square hole while facing east, adding organic fertilizer and "sacred water" from India, and making statements of goodwill and success for the new construction. The second ceremony is the laying of the cornerstone and the third is moving-in.
MSV buildings should not contain any iron or steel. MSV emphasizes the use of natural or "green" building materials such as wood, bricks, adobe, rammed earth, clay, stucco and marble. Other natural fibers such as wood, paper, cotton and wool are used in the interior. The use of natural materials, along with spacious plots and layouts, mean that MSV homes can be expensive, according to the MGC sales director, Eloise Raymond.
Eike Hartmann is the Minister of Architecture for the Global Country of World Peace, the chair of the department of Maharishi Sthapatya Veda at Vedic University in Holland, and designer of the Maharishi Tower of Invincibility on the campus of Maharishi University of Management USA. Jonathan Lipman is chief architect for Maharishi Global Construction (MGC). and adjunct faculty member at Maharishi University of Management. Lipman reports having designed "hundreds of homes" and office buildings including Tower II, the largest MSV building to date. Henry Clark (deceased) was an architect at MGC. and the chief architect and planner for Maharishi Vedic City, Iowa.
Maharishi Heaven on Earth Development Corp.
The Maharishi Heaven on Earth Development Corp. (MHOED) announced in 1988 that it planned to build 50 "Maharishi Cities of Immortals" across the U.S. and Canada. The individual homes would be built using MSV specifications with non-toxic materials and natural ventilation. Its long term goal is to "reconstruct the entire world".
Maharishi Global Development Fund
The Maharishi Global Development Fund (MGDF) was founded in 1997 in New York City. It had an initial capital of $430 million, which grew by hundreds of millions, and the stated capacity to handle multiple projects in several counties worth billions of dollars. It has the goal of constructing buildings that reduce the world's problems. It is also concerned with building cities and countries. It was inaugurated on the top floor of the World Trade Center in 1997, and was a tenant on September 11, 2001.
In 1995 the MGDF purchased a vacant hotel in Hartford, Connecticut for $1.5 million. After being vacant for more than 15 years, the building sold in 2011 for $500,000. Yale University architecture professor Keller Easterling compares Maharishi Global Development Fund to "Arnold Palmer Golf Management", a developer of golf courses, adding that both "Arnold Palmer Golf Management" and "Transcendental Meditation" are registered trademarks and thus "ideologies and practices" that are regarded as "commercial products". According to Easterling, both companies maintain a partial story which allows them to keep the "brand amnesiacally refreshed" and alter plans without explanation.
Maharishi Global Construction
The Maharishi Global Construction L.L.C. (MGC) markets and guides the construction of MSV buildings. Based in Fairfield, Iowa, Doug Greenfield is its volunteer president, Lipman is its chief architect, Hartmann heads the legal department, and Clark is one of its architects. It offers consulting services to architects and builders, but not architectural services. It advised on $13 million in construction in 1999, and $90 million in 2003. By 2003, it reported having built hundreds of Vastu homes in the US. To reduce the cost of MSV homes, and to simplify compliance with the precise design constraints, MGC has begun to offer modular kits. MGC also offers a "rectification service" to bring existing buildings closer to MSV standards.
The Maharishi's Global Reconstruction Program for Permanent World Peace entails replacing the existing cities and buildings of the world with plans and structures that follow MSV principles. The project is estimated by the Global Country of World Peace (GCWP) Finance Minister to cost $300 trillion. A goal of the MGDF is to achieve "heaven on earth". The Director of the Global Country of World Peace's Financial Capital, Paul Potter, said "we hope to be able to rebuild the whole world to be fortune-oriented buildings, to be heaven on earth".
MSV principles were mandated in the platform of the Maharishi's "Invincible India Party" (Ajeya Bharat Party). In 1998, it called for an overhaul of building laws to require all new buildings to comply with MSV. One month after its 2001 founding, the Maharishi Vedic City, Iowa, the council passed a resolution saying that city planning should be in accord with MSV principles.
A 2000 document from the Maharishi Global Development Fund outlines a proposed method for cities to transition to Vastu buildings. The first phase is "controlling the expansion of the city by establishing a masterplan with parallel roads in east/west, north/south directions". The second phase is "construction of ideal villages and satellite towns around the city, free from pollution". The third is "starting to demolish congested areas in the city center, replacing them with beautiful gardens, parks and fountains". The fourth is "final stage of the expanded garden city, providing ideal living conditions, including a modern communication and transportation system".
The Maharishi said that "improperly oriented" building should be demolished, including the White House and the U.N. Building. He is quoted as saying that national leaders should vacate inauspicious buildings immediately, "as if an earthquake had hit them". In 2001, he ordered numerous TM centers around the world to close due to inauspicious locations. In 2005, the Maharishi told "everyone in the world to live and work in buildings constructed according to Sthapatya Veda or Vastu architecture". He said then that he would no longer talk or deal with any member of the TM community unless they lived in Vastu structures.
He designated 2006 as the "Year of Reconstruction for the Whole World to be Heaven on Earth". The following year he included reconstruction in his seven-point plan for creating "invincibility for every nation". According to the Maharishi, "All the problems of the world will go away with our Global Reconstruction Programme". The elements of the world reconstruction program, as they appeared in movement newsletter in 2005, includes buildings such as:
- "Maharishi Peace Palaces"
- "Maharishi Vedic Universities"
- "Maharishi Colleges and Schools"
- "Maharishi Spas—Health and Rejuvenation Centers"
- "Maharishi Fortune-Creating Office Buildings, Malls, and Hotels"
In the decade prior to 2005, about $250 million was spent on the construction of Maharishi Sthapatya Veda buildings, according to the Rock Island Argus. About a third of that construction took place in the town of Fairfield, Iowa.
According to a 2005 article in the American Airlines magazine, American Way, "hundreds" of homes using MSV principles have been built across the U.S.A. including Wyoming, Iowa, Texas, Kentucky, Florida, North Carolina and Maryland. The article says that "a growing legion of architects and scholars believes that by using the principles of Vedic architecture," good health and fortune can be incorporated into a home or building. That same year, an article in Newsweek magazine reported that there had been $500 million in "new Vedic construction" during the prior ten-year period.
A 2008 Washington Post article reports that there are MSV buildings in at least 14 states in the US.
MSV principles were used for a $72 million, 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2), nine-story office complex called "Tower II". Located at 2000 Towers Oaks Boulevard in Rockville, Maryland, the structure has been named the "greenest building in Maryland", achieving a "platinum ranking" in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), rating system. The "Fortune Creating Architectural/Vedic-designed office building" was developed by Lerner Enterprises and the Tower Companies and designed by Jonathan Lipman. It was the subject of a Harvard Business School case study. The building is one of a handful of MSV structures in the Washington, D.C., area. Jeffrey Abramson, a partner in the family-owned Tower Companies, is a long-time TM practitioner and the chairman of the board of trustees of Maharishi University of Management. According to Abrahamson "The human brain reacts to space" and by using appropriate proportions a working space can be designed to enhance productivity.
A 75,000-square-foot (7,000 m2) warehouse and office was built according to MSV principles in Colorado Springs, Colorado for Maharishi Ayur-Ved Products International Inc. (MAPI). MAPI imports and distributes Maharishi Ayurveda herbal supplements. Every detail of the building, including the placement of the desks, is intentional. There are no fluorescent lights, but windows and skylights are plentiful. When completed in 1997 at a cost of about $3 million, it was considered to be one of only 75 MSV buildings in the US.
The Maharishi Foundation purchased the 65-acre (260,000 m2) former St. Ludwig College Franciscan monastery at Vlodrop in the Netherlands in 1984. In 1990, it became the Maharishi's headquarters and residence. Demolition of the monastery, which was declared a national monument, encountered resistance from local leaders. The Maharishi Foundation was enjoined from continuing and, despite lawsuits, it has not succeeded in getting rid of the large building. New buildings have been built around it. The main building is the Maharishi's palace. It is the largest wooden structure in the country and was built without using any nails, at "vast expense". About the building, the Maharishi is reported to have said that, "the walls of this celebrated building"..."in no way enclose his unbounded cosmic awareness". The building is a tourist attraction, though security is tight. As of 2006, about 50 followers of the Maharishi live on the property in temporary huts. A 2007 press release says that 12 Raja palaces have been constructed on the site.
Peace Tower project
The Maharishi hired Minoru Yamasaki, the architect of the World Trade Center towers, to design the world's tallest building. Called "The Centre of India" or the "Vedic Vishwa Prashasan", the 160-story, 2,222' (675.5m) tall building would have been considerably higher than the 1,483' Petronas Towers, then the tallest building in the world. The layered, pyramid-shaped building would be decorated ornately, with arches and columns, like a Hindu or Vedic temple. The base would be 339 meters square, about 11.5 hectares. Priced at $2.5bn, it would have been large enough to hold 60,000 or 100,000 meditators. The foundation stone was laid on November 6, 1998 at the Brahmasthan of India. The elaborate, three-hour ceremony was attended by dignitaries, including representatives from ten countries, and 2,000 local villagers. No specific completion date was given. As of 2010, the Indian tower was still described in news reports as an active project.
In May 1999, the Maharishi Global Development Fund announced that it would build a 1,630' (510m), 103-story tower in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil. The 60/40 partnership with Brasilinvest, a private development company, had a budget of £1.65 billion or $2bn. The Maharishi Global Development Fund would provide $500 million directly and underwrite the rest of it obligation. Proponents said it would improve a run-down area near city hall, dubbed "cracktown", and restore civic pride. Skeptics questioned the need for the office and commercial space, the carrying capacity of the infrastructure, its location in a flood plain, the Maharishi's finances, and the overall viability of such a large project.
Its floor space, 1.3m sq m, would have been larger than the seven-building World Trade Center complex and almost twice as large as The Pentagon. Redesigned as a more conventional glass-sheathed skyscraper, one writer described it as a "giant saltcellar" with a hollow core. The project was slated to have a convention center, four hotels, a university, and apartments. It would have had a monorail stop and underground parking for 25-100,000 cars. Mario Garnero, head of Brasilinvest, said, "This isn't just a building, it's a city." In October 1999, it was announced that the project had the support of the mayor and governor. The land cost, $122 millions, would be split between investors and the city. It was to be paired with another project, the Transworld Complex, that would have a conference center, a golf course, and a theme park on 150 acres (0.61 km2). Construction was predicted to begin January 2000. In November 2000, it was announced that the plan was being dropped due to government opposition.
The Peace Tower plan was moved to a 329-acre (1.33 km2) property in The Colony, Texas, a suburb of Dallas, renamed "Global Centre", and rebudgeted at $3bn. The Federal Aviation Administration was concerned about the effect on air traffic and the project did not receive planning approval. The FBI investigated conflicts of interest allegations when the former mayor of the city was hired by the Maharishi's company.
Maharishi Development Project's Peter Swan announced plans in August 2000 for a tower at a site next to Alexandra, Gauteng, Johannesburg, South Africa. The 270-hectare property had been sold to the project by the University of the Witwatersrand after it found the soil was unsuitable for housing. Towers were also proposed for each of the 24 time zones.
MUM campus buildings
Maharishi University of Management (MUM) is building new structures that follow MSV principles to replace 40 demolished buildings on their campus. Most of the buildings on campus are now compliant with some or all MSV principles, including Dreier Building (the first MSV building on campus), Argiro Student Center, and two Peace Palaces.
Maharishi Peace Palaces
In 2000, the Maharishi announced plans to build Peace Palaces in the 3,000 largest cities around the world. The buildings would be built with MSV principles and would house "dormitories, classrooms and shops". As of 2007, Peace Palaces have been completed in at least four US locations, and land has been acquired in 52 other locations.
The Spiritual Centre in Nasu, the first MSV building in Japan, was designed like an ancient Japanese palace and is reported to be the country's largest wooden structure. Comprehensive Blood & Cancer Center (CBCC), a 27,000-square-foot (2,500 m2) medical center, designed by Lipman, has been constructed in Bakersfield, California. Ravi Patel, the founder of the CBCC, is a trustee of the Maharishi University of Management.
Cities and developments
Maharishi Sthapatya Veda principles apply to communities and cities as well as individual buildings. Communities should have Bramasthans at their centers, just like homes. Ideal cities, according to plans drawn up by the Maharishi, are built in a grid pattern with gardens surrounding them. Cities with bad arrangements include Paris and New York, and it has been proposed that they be rebuilt on MSV standards. Communities built according to MSV principles are called "Peace Colonies". According to the movement's "Maha Media" news portal, a "Maharishi Peace Colony" is a "community founded to help create invincibility for a nation, based on the principles of Maharishi's Vedic Science and its practical applications for living perfection in all areas of life—featuring homes and buildings for group practice of Yogic Flying—all built according to Vedic Architecture, Maharishi Sthapatya Veda."
Maharishi Vedic City
The city plan and buildings of Maharishi Vedic City (MVC) are based on Maharishi Sthapatya Veda. The Maharishi Vedic City is the first settlement to be built entirely on Vedic principles. Easterling says that the city is an intentional community which epitomizes the idea that the personal and communal practice of TM brings a sense of well-being. As the center of the Global Country of World Peace, Easterling says that it reflects the GCWP's interest in achieving a "benign form of global sovereignty".
Other developments in and around Fairfield, Iowa
In addition to Maharishi Vedic City, there are several developments around Fairfield that are being built according to Maharishi Vastu design standards and the latest sustainability technologies.
- Abundance Eco-Village is designed as an off-grid, and fully self-supporting development. In March 2008, the development had five family dwellings; in early 2012, there were 14 homes built in three clusters. Eco-Village has plans for a total of 30 homes. In addition to relying on solar and wind for electricity, the development collects its own rainwater and grows organic food in common areas.
- Cypress Villages is also designed with both MSV and sustainability principles. As of April 2010, it had 10 residents living in three houses. A petition to incorporate as a city, intended to allow the development to control zoning decisions, was rejected by a state board in May 2010.
- MUM North Campus Village is on the northern edge of the Maharishi University of Management campus, and is restricted to people connected to the university or the Super Radiance program.
Heavenly Mountain is a development near Boone, North Carolina. The developers, Earl and David Kaplan, had purchased a total of 7,000 acres (28 km2) by 1993 and developed a portion of the land between 1996 and 1998. Several years later, Kaplan "sold most of the land for the Laurelmor development".
A part of the development became the Spiritual Center of America (SCA), a TM-related, non-profit, owned by Upper Blue Mountain Holdings LLC, which is reported to be controlled by Kaplan's extended family, took up 500 acres (2.0 km2) and included a state-accredited university offering degrees in "consciousness-based studies". SCA became the home for the Purusha (men) and Mother Divine (women) groups which practice the TM and TM-Sidhi programs in monastic settings. The groups had separate campuses, built to MSV and Underwriters Laboratories codes. SCA failed to gain an exemption from county taxes after a 2003 state Supreme Court ruling that the facility did not qualify as an "educational, scientific or charitable institution".
One thousand acres (4 km²) were set aside for development as a luxury resort by the for-profit Heavenly Mountain, with over a hundred lots for sale. A 2006 article in the High Country Press reported that a premium on the home prices helped to fund the SCA. The project was controversial in the area until Kaplan reached out to the community. However Kaplan, a Purusha group member who left the group to marry, broke away from the movement in 2004 and decided to develop the land commercially. The SCA was evicted in 2006. Some home buyers were upset about being evicted and filed lawsuits and as of 2006, 44 condos and homes were still occupied.
According to a TM organization web site, the Mother Divine group had secured a residence and site for the Maharishi University of Enlightenment at the Heavenly Mountain location. The facilities, called East Campus, were described as rooms and suites for about 200 females, along with dining and lecture halls, totaling almost 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) of indoor space. The purchase price was estimated by Bevan Morris, Prime Minister of the GWCP, to be one-seventh of the cost for new construction. The remaining 381 acres and 26 buildings of the Heavenly Mountain facility were sold for $6.35 million in 2011 to Blue Ridge Preservation Inc., who intend to work with the Art of Living Foundation and related groups.
The Maharishi Purusha Capital of the Western World is located on 170 acres (0.69 km2) purchased by the Global Country of World Peace in 2009. This followed the Maharishi's call in 2007 to immediately establish a Purusha capital in the Blue Ridge Mountains, according to the Purusha website. It is in the Three Churches area of Hampshire County, West Virginia near Romney. The property will be designated a Global Capital and will include a palace for the Maharaja and residences for the Raja of Invincible America and the Prime Minister. Accommodations for 150-200 people, including 120 professional meditators, are being constructed. The Purusha website mentions the advantages of having as many as 800 "administrators of Global Raam Raj" so close to the nation's capital. The buildings are planned to be built to Vastu and LEED standards. The land cost $750,000 and the construction is budgeted to cost between $10 and $15 million. Bob LoPinto, the Raja of Potomac Vedic America (regional director), is overseeing the project. A nearby but separate medical center or spa is also being considered. An announcement on the Purusha Capital web site dated December 15, 2011 stated that "today we received all of our occupancy permits and so the Maharishi Purusha Capital of the Western World is now officially open!"
Maharishi Garden Village
The Maharishi Garden Village is a 30-home settlement in Rendlesham, Suffolk. The movement had sought to purchase the 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) former Bentwaters Air Force Base in 1995 for use as a campus but the deal, contingent on planning approval, fell through. The movement's MSV Homes won approval for a development plan on the former base for 30 homes and 24 apartments. On January 12, 2008, the Maharishi's birthday, construction of a 12-story Maharishi Tower of Invincibility was inaugurated on the site. In February 2008, MSV Homes submitted plans to build a £2 million, three-story, 33-bedroom Peace Palace in Rendlesham. It would be part of the 30-home, 24-apartment Maharishi Peace Colony. The plans were approved two months later, despite community concerns. The building will replace a center in Badingham that was used for 25 years. As of 2010, 26 homes had been built and sold, with the remaining 6 to be built in 2011.
Brahmasthan of India
According to the TM movement, the "auspicious" Brahmasthan (center point) of India is near Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. The site has MSV housing for thousands of pandits who perform Vedic chants. The MSV design is said to amplify the power of their peace-promoting rituals. The project is overseen by Girish Varma, one of the Maharishi's nephews. A series of "parliaments", including the "Maharishi Parliament of World Peace in the field of culture and religion", was held there in 2006, according to a movement press release. A documentary filmmaker snuck into the facility in 2009 and found, in the words of Variety, a "ghost town". In 2010, a press release announced plans for new residential and visitor facilities, including 30 western-style suites.
Brahmasthan of America
The Brahmasthan of America is near Smith Center, Kansas, the geographic center of the contiguous United States. The County Commission initially passed a development moratorium to block the project but changed their decision after being threatened with a federal lawsuit. In regard to the local opposition, Eric Michener, the project coordinator for the GCWP, told a reporter, "I don't think we've run into this vibrant level of misunderstanding before". The group failed to receive an endorsement from the county commission when it sought a $38 million tax-exempt bond from the state. One palace is near completion and several others are in various stages of progress. In April 2010, a local newspaper reported that there was no activity on the site.
Mandala Club was promoted in 2005 as a green development in Indian River County, Florida that would be designed with Vedic principles. Three model homes were approved, out of a total of 90 planned, and the houses were estimated to cost $988,000 each. The 39-acre (160,000 m2) property went into foreclosure and was sold in 2010.
After hearing a presentation on MSV at the National Building Museum in 2005, a Washington Post reporter said that "non-adherents" may find the principles "eccentric, to say the least," as houses not facing east or north are said by MSV adherents to be "practically begging inauspicious forces to sweep in and wreak havoc." The reporter goes on to say that many architects would not "quibble" with other components of MSV such as "balance and symmetry", a vastu fence or wall and "solar influenced" placement of rooms in the home.
Los Angeles Times travel writer Carina Chocano writes that Maharishi Vedic City "displays all the architectural characteristics of a new exurban development: gaudy, oversize construction that has no stylistic relation to its environment but instead vaguely alludes to a theme-park version someplace sort of magical and far away."
- Welvaert, Brandy, Vedic homes seek better living through architecture", Rock Island Argus, (August 5, 2005)
- Spivack, Miranda (September 12, 2008). "Bricks Mortar and Serenity". Washington Post.
- Official Web site, Fortune Creating Homes
- Maharishi Vedic Architecture
- Toner, Niall (July 22, 2007). "Houses that boost health and wealth". Sunday Times (London (UK)). p. 10.
- Egenes, Linda "Spotlight: Maharishi Vedic City", AAA Magazine (July 2005)
- Times Journal of Construction and Design, In Accord With Nature, Niranjan Mudholkar, September 2009
- Hutchinson, Brian (February 22, 2003). "Wasting away in Maharishi-ville". National Post (Don Mills, Ont.). p. B.1.Fro.
- CLARK, ROSS (March 25, 2007). "Transcendental HABITATION ; Om sweet om as the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi inspires an estate that's aligned with the rest of the universe. It's not as nutty as it sounds...". Mail on Sunday (London (UK)). p. 8.
- Kissel, William "Home and Peace", American Way (July 15 2005)
- Gadd, Jane (December 5, 2003). "Instant karma in a yoga home". The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Ont.). p. G.8.
- Carroll, Dennis J. (May 4, 1999). "Turning a town eastward Guru's followers effect change in Iowa community". Boston Globe. p. A.3.
- Willdorf, Nina (June 2, 2000). "Karma and wrecking balls". The Chronicle of Higher Education (Washington) 46 (39): A14.
- Balachandran, R. (September 9, 2001). "Vedic city: A city in the US follows building principles set in the Vedas". The Week (Indian magazine) (Kerala, India).
- Warburton, Peter (May 2001). "Maharishi’s Vedic Pandit World Peace Project". Transcendental Meditation News. pp. 3–5.
- Easterling, Keller (2007-10-31). Enduring Innocence: Global Architecture and Its Political Masquerades. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-55065-2.
- Schneider, Robert H.; Fields, Jeremy Z. (2006). Total heart health : how to prevent and reverse heart disease with the maharishi vedic approach to health. Laguna Beach, CA: Basic Health Publications. pp. 64, 193. ISBN 978-1-59120-087-1.
- Aspan, Maria (2007-07-02). "Maharishi’s Minions Come to Wall Street". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- Canon, Scott, "Maharishi's followers have integrated into small Iowa town" Kansas City Star, (September 28, 1999)
- "Reclusive Guru's in Battle to Demolish Historic Dutch Monastery" Associated Press, January 20, 1998
- Architectural Impressions, 2005 Edition,the Maharishi Vedic Center, Alan Sullivan
- Berman, John and Burbank, Maggie, "Transcendental Meditation thrives in Iowa", ABC News (January 8 2010)
- Paradkar, Bageshree (March 10, 2005). "Before feng shui, there was vastu shastra; Indian science has formulas to align a home with nature Interiors, decor can be modified to best advantage". Toronto Star. p. J.06.
- "Details of World's Most Advanced 'Sustainable' and 'Fortune-Creating' Building" 9 (1). September 2008.
- "Invincibility Trusts To Crown their Nations with Invincibility". invincibilitytrusts.org. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- "HOW UNIFIED FIELD-BASED ARCHITECTURE CAN MAKE THE NATION INVINCIBLE" (Press release). Global Financial Capital of New York. July 16, 2007. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010.
- Balachandran, R. (September 9, 2001). "India Vedic city: A city in the US follows building principles set in the Vedas". The Week.
- "Details of World's Most Advanced 'Sustainable' and 'Fortune-Creating' Building: Complementary Vedic and 'Green' Principles" 9 (1). Lebanon: Maharishi Health Education Center. September 2008.
- "Totally off the grid! MUM’s Sustainable Living Center — the "ultimate green building"". Achievements (Development Office, Maharishi University of Management). August 15, 2008. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010.
- "Administration: Faculty". MUM.edu. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Chediak, Mark (June 20, 2005). "Tower II planned with the Maharishi in mind". Washington Post.
- BIVINS, RALPH (January 26, 1997). "Home builders toy with better designs as baby boomers age". Houston Chronicle. p. 34.
- Henry Clark obituary
- "Vedic Architecture In Harmony with Natural Law: Speakers". vedicarchitecture.org. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Kay, Marsha (December 25, 1988). "Utopia? – Guru, backers have high hopes for heavenly housing concept". The San Diego Union. p. F.1.
- "30-Year Anniversary For the Maharishi". San Francisco Chronicle. August 17, 1989. p. A.12.
- Zorn, Eric (January 15, 1989). "Maharishi May Show Way To Heavenly Home". Chicago Tribune.
- TAYLOR, LISA Y.; PEREZ, CHRISTINE (May 5, 2000). "Maharishi eyes Colony project". Dallas Business Journal 23 (37). p. 1.
-  Long Vacant Hotel in Downtown Hartford Sells, Jan 31 2011
-  NY Buyer paid $500K for Hartford's empty Clarion, Greg Bordanaro, Feb 18 2011
- Hutchinson, Brian (February 22, 2003). "Wasting away in Maharishi-ville". National Post (Don Mills, Ont.). p. B.1.Fro.
- "Maharishi Global Construction L.L.C." (DC695654). Gale Business & Company Resource Center. Archived from the original
|url=(help) on August 16, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- Hecht, Esther (January 23, 1998). "Peace of Mind". Jerusalem Post. p. 12.
- Boncompagni, Tatiana (October 3, 2003). "WEEKEND JOURNAL; The Home Front -- details -- Beyond Bamboo: India's Feng Shui". Wall Street Journal. p. W.12.
- "Maharishi Press Conference Highlights". globalgoodnews.com. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- ZUBRZYCKI, JOHN (February 12, 1998). "Transcendental election aim". South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). p. 16.
- Ridge, Mian (August 6, 1999). "The Maharishi at 80: Yogi in the sky with diamonds: A pyramid in India, the tallest building in the world, is among the projects planned by devotees.". The Vancouver Sun. p. A.17.
- "CONGRESS GETS JOLT IN MADHYA PRADESH". The Hindustan Times (New Delhi). November 5, 2008.
- "Resolution No. 6: To create a Master Plan for Maharishi Vedic City incorporating all the knowledge of Veda and the Vedic literature to create a model city of peace, prosperity, happiness for the citizens, and ideal administration, and through the creation of this ideal city to bring the benefits of peace and prosperity to the State of Iowa, the United States and the world". MAHARISHI VEDIC CITY CITY COUNCIL. December 28, 2001. Archived from the original on August 18, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Koppel, Lily (October 8, 2006). "Outer Peace". New York Times Magazine. p. 24.
- Yeld, John (August 29, 2005). "Why the Cape city council is going south...". Cape Argus. p. 1.
- McCaslin, John (August 25, 2005). "Exhibits A and B". townhall.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Examine the Layout of All Government Buildings". TM Bulletin 5 (12) (Lebanon: Maharishi Health Education Center). August 2005. Archived from the original on 2010-08-02.
- Piccalo, Gina (August 2, 2003). "Good vibes; Maharishi Mahesh Yogi plans to promote world harmony from a soon-to-be-built 'palace' in L.A. An affluent area is preferred.". Los Angeles Times. p. E.1.
- Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (November 16, 2005). "16 November 2005 Press Conference Highlights: Opening Remarks". Global Good News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- "Maharishi's Achievements 1957–2008". mmyvv.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Golden Gate Center building
- Connant, Eve (June 27, 2005). "Building on success". Newsweek.
- Tower II
- Rojas, Rick, "Developer celebrates how 'green' is its building", Washington Post (September 3 2009)
- Ramstack, Tom, "Complex will be built with nature in mind", Washington Times (June 14, 2005)
- MHN Online, Interview with Jeffrey S. Abrahmson,May 5, 2010
- PR Newswire, Harvard Business School Study
- Harvard Business School case study, paper
- Shin, Annys (March 3, 2005). "More Area Firms Paying Employees to Relax; Yoga, Meditation Seen As Health Care Boons". The Washington Post. p. T.12.
- Bean, Joanna (October 2, 1997). "Company in harmony with its surroundings/ New Springs headquarters mirrors philosophy of Indian health care". The Gazette (Colorado Springs, Colo.). p. BUS.1.
- Maharishi Ayur-Ved Products International Inc
- CORDER, MIKE (January 22, 1998). "Aging monastery pits village against Maharishi movement Dutch residents are trying to stop meditation group's plans to raze building". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. p. 18.
- MERU, Vlodrop
- Max, Arthur (February 19, 2006). "A Guru's Goals Still Center on Peace and Love". The Washington Post. p. D.01.
- JONES, DAVID (March 18, 2006). "MY AUDIENCE WITH THE YOGI ; Whatever became of the Maharishi who bewitched The Beatles with his mystical teachings on meditation? DAVID JONES tracked him down to his bizarre private kingdom (complete with its own currency) where he conducted one of the most extraordinary interviews of his career". Daily Mail (London (UK)). p. 34.
- Osborn, Andrew (December 4, 2001). "Real lives: Holy man of Maastricht: Since George Harrison’s death, the papers have been full of pictures of him with his Indian guru in the 60s. So what is the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi up to these days?". The Guardian (London, England). p. 4.
- "Global Reconstruction will provide fortunate living conditions for everyone" (Press release). Global Good News Service. June 5, 2007.
- BEY, LEE (November 17, 1998). "Maharishi to build 2,222' building". Chicago Sun - Times. p. 4.
- "Higher, taller, richest?". Indian Express (Mumbai). January 6, 2010.
- Ridge, Mian (August 6, 1999). "The Maharishi at 80: Yogi in the sky with diamonds: A pyramid in India, the tallest building in the world, is among the projects planned by devotees". The Vancouver Sun. p. A.17.
- "India's transcendent building". The Bangkok Post. December 6, 1998. p. 1.
- Braun, Frank Dirceu (August 7, 1999). "La Jolla resident involved with maharishi in plans for world's tallest high-rise – Brazil project expected to cost $1.6 billion". The San Diego Union - Tribune. p. A.12.
- Buckley., Stephen (August 30, 1999). "The Height of Ambition; Brazilian Envisions Tower as Soaring Statement of National Pride". The Washington Post. p. A.13.
- Romero, Simon (July 18, 1999). "Another Entry for King of the Sky". New York Times. p. 3.5.
- "India Tower would dwarf others in race for world's tallest structure". Civil Engineering 69 (4) (New York). April 1999. p. 16.
- Bogler, Daniel; Barham, John (August 25, 1999). "Sao Paulo awaits towering monument to Natural Law: Investment fund linked with maharishi says finance is ready to build world's tallest building in Brazil, but doubts remain". Financial Times (London (UK)). p. 04.
- MacKINNON, IAN (November 6, 1998). "Spiritual devotees' towering ambition". South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). p. 12.
- Debroy, Bibek (January 6, 2010). "Higher, taller, richest?". Indian Express.
- Harvey, Tom (May 16, 1999). "THE AMERICAS". The Salt Lake Tribune. p. A.2.
- Bellos, Alex (June 11, 1999). "Cities racing for the sky: Sao Paulo tower in running for height crown". The Guardian.
- "Sao Paulo awaits towering monument to Natural Law". Financial Times. August 25, 1999. p. 4.
- MITCHELL, EMILY; Biderman, Sol (May 1, 2000). "Nostalgia: A Generation of Gurus". Time.
- Veash, Nicole (November 15, 1999). "Guru behind plan for Brazilian mega-tower". The Scotsman (Edinburgh (UK)). p. 8.
- Rich, Jennifer (October 27, 2000). "Skyscraper Plan Dropped in Brazil". New York Times. p. W.1.
- Krause, Kevin (March 17, 2003). "Maharishi Fund Puts 300 Acres in The Colony, Texas, Up for Sale". Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. p. 1.
- Campbell (October 25, 2000). "Low flying aircraft threaten the world's tallest building". The Guardian (Manchester (UK)). p. 2.
- The Colony property
- Mosier, Jeff (November 22, 2006). "Guru wants to build Peace Palace: Arlington: City to decide if holistic institute can be built with tax-exempt bonds". Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. p. 1.
- Cox, Anna (August 2, 2000). "Plans for 108-storey skyscraper in Jo'burg". Independent Online. Archived from the original on December 1, 2010.
- "Demolition". mum.edu. Archived from the original on August 31, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- Radio Iowa, Maharishi University hopes to set the standard for “green” buildings, Kelly
- The Hawkeye, Sustainable Living Center is unique in US, April 26, 2010
- Heartland Connection, Greenest Building in America in Fairfield, Alex Halfmann, April 22, 2010 
- Mormon lends skills to constructing self-sustaining, eco-friendly building, Kikari Loftus, June 10, 2010 
- "Maharishi University to Launch Renewable Energy System" (Press release). PRWeb. July 22, 2010.
- Hamill, Sean D. (February 22, 2008). "Sites for 'Maharishi Effect' (Welcome to Parma) Spread Across U.S.". New York Times. p. A.14.
- Spiritual Centre in Nasu, Japan
- Comprehensive Blood & Cancer Center
- Achievements (Development Office, Maharishi University of Management). September 5, 2009 http://www.webcitation.org/5s7UAgfas
|archiveurl=missing title (help). Archived from the original on August 20, 2010.
- Chocano, Carina, "Meditation comes with creature comforts at Iowa's Maharishi University", Los Angeles Times (September 10, 2006)
- "America's first Maharishi Peace Colony: A model, award-winning green development" (Press release). Global Good News. 26 June 2008.
- "Thailand, Malaysia support world peace, invincibility". Maha Media. January 28, 2010. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- Craig Ridgley, Safire Internet Solutions, http://safire.net. "Maharishi Vedic City". Maharishi Vedic City. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
- Kissel, William (2005-07-15). "Home and Peace". American Way. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
- Lee, Jennifer 8. (2001-04-17). "In Many Ways, a New Iowa Town Looks to East". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2010-02-08.[dead link]
- Description of building at Jefferson Co, Assessors web site
- Fairfield Business Park
- Greenfield, Amy (July 1, 2009). "Abundance EcoVillage: Residents say life off the grid is good". Radish magazine.
- Abundance Eco-Village
- DeWitte, David (March 14, 2008). "Efficient living: Homes still look conventional". McClatchy - Tribune Business News (Washington).
- "Harmonious Living With Nature" by Mindy Kralicek, Iowa Outdoors, March/April 2012 p 52.
- Schaefer, Paul (September 24, 2007). "Going Beyond LEEDs, Beautifully, In Iowa". Environmental News Network.
- Cypress Villages
- JACOBS, LACEY (April 15, 2010). "Cypress Villages defends its case for incorporation". Fairfield Ledger.
- JACOBS, LACEY (May 13, 2010). "State board dismisses Cypress Villages’ petition: Developer Dan Walker plans to see how the subdivision grows before he decides if he wants to seek incorporation again.". Fairfield Ledger.
- "Vastu Homes: Frequently Asked Questions". Vastu Design and Construction, Inc. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- MUM North Campus Village
- Mitchell, Monte (February 28, 2006). "PEAK OF LUXURY ; PLANNED RESORT LEADS TO ENTHUSIASM, WORRY; THE BUZZ: COMPANY KNOWN FOR RECORD SALES". Winston - Salem Journal (Winston-Salem, N.C.). p. 1.
- Heavenly Mountain
- Watauga Democrat "Winning Bid on Heavenly Mountain hits $10.5 million", Kellen Moore, September 2011, retrieved Sept 2011
- Wintson-Salem Journal Heavenly Way complex up for sale, Sept 2011, retrieved Sept 2011
- Winston-Salem Journal Heavenly Way complex up for sale, Sept 2011, retrieved Sept 2011
- Winston Salem Journal, "Part of meditation center built by yogi's followers gets $10M auction bid from religious trust", Sept 15 2011, retrieved Sept 2011
- Treadwell, Sally (March 2, 2006). "What’s Going On at Heavenly Mountain?Is It Sold? Who Lives There Now?". High Country Press.
- News-Observer Part of NC meditation center gets $10 million at auction", Sept 15, 2011, retrieved Sept 2011
- Capital of Mother Divine for North America web site
- Bevan Morris, Prime Minister of the GWCP
- Moore, Kellen (October 27, 2011) Developers share details on plans for Forest Summit Watauga Democart
- Winston Salem Journal Monte Mitchell, Oct 20, 2011, retrieved Oct 2011
- Pisciotta, Marla (January 1, 2009). "Meditation Retreat Planned for Hampshire County". State Journal.
- Purusha Capital
- "the Maharishi Purusha Capital of the Western World". purushacapital.org. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "Purush Capital: Site Plan". Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. "The site plan includes a beautiful residence for Maharaja Adhiraj Raja Raam, the Raja of Invincible America and the Purusha Rajas at the top of the site, along with residences for the Purusha, Administrators, Computer Masters and National Representatives, as well as dining and meditation halls, fountains and gardens, a facility for residential courses including Transcendental Meditation Teacher Training program, organic greenhouses, extremely energy-efficient buildings, a 7-acre lake, walking trails and everything needed to make Purusha comfortable."
- "His Highness Raja Bob LoPinto to Be Inaugurated as the Raja of Potomac Vedic America" (Press release). Global Country of World Peace. 2005. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011.
- "Construction Progress Reports" Purusha Capital web site, December 15, 2011
- Maharishi Garden Village
- FAIRHALL, DAVID (December 30, 1996). "Conservation battle looms over airfield site Property group in third attempt to develop Suffolk base". The Guardian (London (UK)). p. 4.
- "Towers to rise for Mahesh Yogi in 192 countries". The Hindustan Times (New Delhi). January 30, 2008.
- "Peace palace proposals prompt concern". The Evening Star. March 14, 2008.
- Smith, Richard (April 3, 2008). "Suffolk to get a 'Peace Palace'". East Anglian Daily Times.
- Latest News at MSV Homes web site
- Brahmasthan of India
- "Culture and religion bringing perfection to life: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi". Maha Media. 2010-07-04. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Simon, Alyssa "David Wants to Fly", Variety (February 14, 2010)
- "New facilities to offer opportunity to spend time at Brahmasthan". Maha Media. 2010-04-21. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- HOVEY, ART (February 22, 2007). "Peace Palace receives go-ahead". Lincoln Journal Star (Lincoln, Neb.). p. 1.
- Brahmasthan of America
- "US county retracts from move against Maharishi Yogi’s project". PTI - The Press Trust of India Ltd. October 6, 2006.
- Keen, Judy (May 23, 2006). "Maharishi meets the Bible Belt". USA Today. p. 03A.
- Manning, Carl (June 11, 2006). "In Kansas, Peace And Disharmony; Maharishi's Project Alarms Farm Town". The Washington Post. p. D.01.
- CORN, MIKE (April 7, 2010). "TM project in Smith County on hold". The Hays Daily News.
- Hemlock, Doreen (January 18, 2008). "S. Florida firms use green construction products: Sale of green construction products grows rapidly". McClatchy - Tribune Business News.
- Manadala Club
- Vanderhoof, Nadia (February 15, 2010). "Bank forecloses on Vero Beach's green housing development Mandala Club". TCPalm.
- Turrentine, Jeff , "Mind over mortar", Washington Post (July 7 2005)