Mahatma Gandhi Series (banknotes)

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The obverse design of the series was based on this photograph of Gandhi and Lord Pethick-Lawrence.
Details of the photograph.

The Mahatma Gandhi Series of banknotes are issued by the Reserve Bank of India as the legal tender of Indian rupee. As the name suggests, the series is so called because the obverse of the banknotes prominently display the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi. Since its introduction in 1996, this series has replaced all issued banknotes.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) introduced the series in 1996 with the 10 and 500 banknotes. At present, the RBI issues banknotes in denominations from 5 to 1000. Printing of five-notes, which had stopped earlier, restarted in 2009. ATMs usually dispense INR100, INR500, and INR1000 notes.

Security features[edit]

The following features are included in the notes.[1]

  • Secure thread : The notes contain an embedded security thread that can be seen as a vertical straight line when held against light. The notes contains the words 'Bharat' in Devanagari and RBI. The ₹1000 denomination contains the number 1000 as well. Older notes, however, are not readable.
  • Latent image : When held against the light at an angle of 45 degrees, an inscription of the value of the denomination is seen on the right side of Mahatma Gandhi's image.
  • Microlettering : Micro-letters are used to print RBI on ₹10 notes, and the value of the denomination on other notes.
  • Intaglio print:
  1. An intaglio (raised) shape is present on all denominations other than the ₹10 note to help the visually impaired.
    1. INR20-Vertical rectangle
    2. INR50-Square
    3. INR100-Triangle
    4. INR500-Circle
    5. INR1,000-Diamond
  2. The image of Mahatma Gandhi, Reserve Bank of India seal, clause of guarantee, Ashoka Pillar emblem and signature of the governor of the Reserve Bank of India are all intaglio prints.
  • Fluorescence : The number panels are printed with fluorescent ink.
  • Optical fibre : The notes have optical fibres that glow when exposed to ultra-violet light.
  • Optically variable ink : Denominations of ₹500 and ₹1000 are printed with ink that changes color with the angle of placement to light.
  • See-through register - Floral design (later issues now have the corresponding denomination) printed on the front and the back of the note coincides and perfectly overlap each other when viewed against
  • EURion constellation - A pattern of symbols found on the banknote helps software detect the presence of a banknote in a digital image so that it can prevent its reproduction with devices such as color photocopiers.

The series[edit]

Mahatma Gandhi Series [2]
Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description Year of issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark
INR1 97 × 63 mm Pink-Green Mahatma Gandhi Sagar Samrat oil rig Mahatma Gandhi 1994 / 2015[3]
5 INR Obs LR.png 5 INR Rev LR.png INR5 117 × 63 mm Green Tractor 2002 / 2009
10 INR Obs LR.png 10 INR Rev LR.png INR10 137 × 63 mm Orange-violet Rhinoceros, elephant, tiger 1996 / 2006
20 INR Obs LR.png 20 INR Rev LR.png INR20 147 × 63 mm Red-orange Mount Harriet, Port Blair 2001 / 2006
50 INR Obs LR.png 50 INR Rev LR.png INR50 147 × 73 mm Violet Parliament of India 1997 / 2005
100 INR Obs LR.png 100 INR Rev LR.png INR100 157 × 73 mm Blue-green at centre, brown-purple at 2 sides Himalaya Mountains 1996 / 2005
500 INR Obs LR.png 500 INR Rev LR.png INR500 167 × 73 mm Orange and Yellow Dandi March 2000 / 2005
1000 INR Obs LR.png 1000 INR Rev LR.png INR1000 177 × 73 mm Amber-Red Economy of India 2000 / 2005
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre.

See also[edit]