Mahavir Jayanti

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Mahavir Janma Kalyanak
Idol of Mahavira
Also called Translation: Birth Anniversary of Mahavira; Mahavir Janma Kalyanak
Observed by Jains
Type Religious, India (National holiday)
Significance Birth Anniversary of Mahavira
Celebrations Going to the Jain Temple
Observances Prayers, Religious rituals
Date Decided by the Jain calendar (Vira Nirvana Samvat)
2014 date 13 April, Sunday
2015 date 2 April, Thursday
Frequency annual

In Jainism, Mahavir Jayanti, also known as Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, is the most important religious holiday. It celebrates the birth of Mahavira, the last Tirthankara. On the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[4]

He was born on the thirteenth day of the rising moon of Chaitra. The chronology accepted by all Jains places Mahavir's birth in 599 BCE.[5]

Birth Legend[edit]

Mahavira was born into royalty as the son of King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. During pregnancy, Trishala was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great leader. The exact number of dreams differs according to the school of Jainism; Svetambaras generally believe that the actual number is fourteen while Digambaras claim sixteen instead. Regardless, the astrologers that interpreted these dreams claimed that the child would become either an emperor or a Tirthankar. It is said that when Trishala finally gave birth to Mahavira, the god-king Indra bathed the newborn himself with celestial milk, a ritual essentially marking him as a Tirthankar.


Local statues of Mahavira are given a ceremonial bath called the abhisheka. During the day, many Jains engage in some sort of charitable act in the name of Mahavira while others travel to temples to meditate and offer prayers. Lectures are typically held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jain doctrine. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain temples across India typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Official Govt of India Mahavir Jayanti 2012 date". Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  2. ^ "Mahavir Jayanti 2012 date". The Times Of India. 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  3. ^ "Mahavir Jayanti 2013 date". TN Government Holidays. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  4. ^ Concise Encyclopaedia of India - K.R. Gupta & Amita Gupta - Google Books. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  5. ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134.

External links[edit]