Mehsana district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Mehsana.
Districts of Northern Gujarat

Mehsana district (Gujarati: મહેસાણા જિલ્લો) (alternate spelling "Mahesana") is one of the 33 districts of Gujarat state in western India. Mehsana city is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district has a population of over 18 lakhs and an area of over 4,500  km². There are over 600 villages in this district. It had a population of 1,837,892 of which 22.40% were urban as of 2001.[1]

Mehsana district borders with Banaskantha district in the north, Patan and Surendranagar districts in west, Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad districts in south and Sabarkantha district in the east.

Major towns of the district are Vijapur, Bahucharaji, Modhera, Unjha, Vadnagar, Kalol, Kadi, Visnagar, Kherva(Gujarati: ખેરવા), Jotana and Khadalpur, Sanganpur ( સાંગણપુર, [Kanchanpur (Kochva)]).

Motor vehicles registered in the district have their registration numbers starting with GJ-2.

History[edit]

Pre-history[edit]

Several Indus Valley Civilisation sites like Loteshwar are located in this district.[2]

Later History[edit]

Historically parts of this district have been broken off for the formation of new districts.

  • 1964 to Gandhinagar district.
  • 2000 to Patan district.

Divisions[edit]

Mehsana district consists 11 talukas. These are Becharaji, Kadi, Kheralu, Mahesana, Vadnagar, Vijapur, Visnagar, Satlasana, Jotana, Gozaria and Unjha.

There are 7 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Kheralu, Unjha, Visnagar, Becharaji, Kadi, Mahesana and Vijapur. Kheralu is part of Patan Lok Sabha constituency and rest are part of Mahesana Lok Sabha constituency.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The main crops are Bajra, jowar, jira, cotton and oilseeds(custer, mustard and cotton), vegetables, mirch, mung, gowar, etc. (Vanraj Chauhan).

Commerce[edit]

The major trading crops in the district are oilseeds, jira (cumin), isabgul (psyllium) and anise.

Mehsana district is the largest on-shore oil producing asset of ONGC in India, with 1,200 flowing oil wells and 23 active gas wells.

Asia's second largest dairy 'Dudh Sagar' is situated in Mehsana.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Mehsana district has a population of 2,027,727,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia[4] or the US state of New Mexico.[5] This gives it a ranking of 229th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.91%.[3] Mehsana has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1,000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 84.26%.[3]

Education[edit]

There are over 9 engineering colleges in Mehsana. 1.Saffrony Institute of Technology, Linch, Mehsana. 2.Sakalchand Patel Institute of Technology,Visnagar, Mehsana. 3.Ganpat University, Kherva, Mehsana. 4.Unjha Engineering College. 5.L.C.I.T Institute of Technology, Bhandu. 6.Marchant Institute of Technology, Basna, Mehsana. 7.Government Engineering College, Katpur. 8.Sardar Patel Institute of Technology, Piludara, Mehsana 9.Gujarat Power Energy Institute of Technology, Mevad, Mehsana.

There are over five pharmacy colleges in mehsana dist, 1. Ganpat University,Kherva,Mehsana (Also has M.Pharma) 2.S.V.College, Mahesana 3.Saffrony Institute, Linch, Mehsana 4.Pharmacy college in Bechraji, Mehsana 5.Pharmacy college in Modasa, Dist-Mehsana

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census Data
  2. ^ McIntosh, Jane R. (2008). The Ancient Indus Valley: New Perspectives. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. pp. 62,74,412. ISBN 9781576079072. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f in/district.php "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: IN_type: adm2nd_source: GNS-enwiki 23°40′N 72°30′E / 23.667°N 72.500°E / 23.667; 72.500