Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan

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Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan
Born Maria, Eudoxia or Hatice
c. 1590
Rumelia or Caucasus
Died 26 October 1620
Edirne, the Ottoman Empire
Cause of death
Possibly murdered[citation needed]
Resting place
Eyüp Cemetery, Istanbul
Residence Edirne
Ethnicity possibly[citation needed] Serb
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Eastern Orthodox Christian or Islam
Spouse(s) Ahmed I
Children Osman II
Şehzade Huseyn
Şehzade Bayezid
Şehzade Mehmed
Relatives Mahidevran Hatun
Şemsiruhsar Hatun
Alime Sultan
Saçıbağlı Hatun

Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Mahfiruz Hatice Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; c. 1590 – 26 October 1620) was a wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I (r. 1618–1622). She was the mother of Osman II, Şehzade Huseyn, Şehzade Bayezid and Şehzade Mehmed and was valide sultan from 26 February 1618 until her death on 26 October 1620.

Annotation[edit]

Her name was probably Mahfiruz (Mâh-i Fîrûz), also spelled "Mahfiruze" (Mâh Ferûza) or "Mah-Firuze" or "Mah-Firuz". It might have originally been Maria, Eudoxia or Hatice. She is also referred to as "Hadice Mahfiruz", "Mahfiruz Hadice Valide Sultan"[1] or Hatîce Mâhfirûze Vâlide Sultan.

Origin[edit]

Ahmed I, the husband of "Mâh-Firûza Hatice (Khātedja)."

Her origin is unclear. She was either an Eastern Orthodox Christian or a Muslim.

  • Some sources say that she was a Serbian originally named Eudoxia.[2]
  • According to other sources she was the great-great-granddaughter of Mahidevran Sultan's brother Mustafa Pasha, great-granddaughter of Mustafa Pasha's second son Ahmed Bey, granddaughter of Ahmed Bey's son Ali Bey and daughter of Ali Bey's son Mirza Alkas Bey originally named Hatice and was married to Ahmed in 1603 by her great-grandaunt Servazad Hatun and Ahmed's mother Handan Sultan, who was an ethnic Circassian. She was the maternal niece of Ottoman Sultan Mustafa I's mother Alime Sultan and a relative of Saçbagli Sultan, a wife of Sultan Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire.[citation needed]

The theory of her being Greek has been refuted.[3][4]

Life[edit]

Mâh-Firûza's son Osman II.

She was the first of Ahmed I's three women and bore him four sons, Osman II, Şehzade Bayezid, Şehzade Mehmed and Şehzade Huseyn.[5] With the birth of Osman, the couple's first child, Ahmed became the youngest Ottoman sultan to become father, and Osman was the first Ottoman first-born prince to be born in the Imperial capital of Istanbul.[6]

Mahfiruz was alive when her son, Osman was finally enthroned in 1618 as Sultan Osman II after the deposition of the incompetent Mustafa I. However, contrary to the assumptions of modern accounts, she did not live in the imperial palace during Osman's reign nor did she act as a Valide Sultan. Privy purse registers from Osman's reign list no Valide Sultan. Mahfiruz perhaps never entered the harem as Fatma Hatun and Akile Hatun, the daughters of Kuyucu Murad Pasha and Şeyhülislam Esad Efendi respectively. From the middle of 1620, Osman's governess, the daye hatun, began to receive an extraordinary large stipend, one thousand aspers a day rather than her usual two hundrend aspers, an indication that she was now the official stand-in for the Valide Sultan. What seems like that Mahfiruz fell into disfavour, was banished from the palace at some point before Osman's accession, and never recovered her status as a royal consort.

Banishment in disgrace would explain both Mahfiruz's absence from the palace and her burial in the popular shrine of Eyüb rather than in her husband's tomb. The Venetian ambassador Contarini reported in 1612 that the sultan had had a beating administrated to a woman who had irritated Kösem; perhaps this woman was Mahfiruz. Mahfiruz banishment would have removed a serious obstacle to Kösem's efforts to have Mustafa from execution, since the party of Osman had the greatest stake in the survival of the tradition system of succession.[7] She died on 26 October 1620 and was buried in large sanctuary of Eyüp, Istanbul. There are speculations that she was murdered by the orders of her nemesis Kösem Sultan.

The burial place of Mâh-Firûza Hatice is located on the hills of Golden Horn at Eyüp Cemetery in Eyüp, Istanbul.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atsız ve Türk ülküsü 1990, p. 38: "Mahfiruz Hadice Valide Sultan"
  2. ^ Günseli İnal; Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik. YKY. p. 27. ISBN 978-975-08-0928-6. [Osman II's mother the Serbian Evdoksiya known as Mahfiruz Sultan] 
  3. ^ History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Stanford Jay Shaw, Cambridge University Press, p. 191
  4. ^ Turcica. 39–40. Éditions Klincksieck. 2007. p. 350. The only other thing we know about her is that her name was probably Mah- firuz.16 That she was Greek and taught Osman Latin, Greek, and Italian are products of the imagination of an eighteenth century French novelist which surprisingly ... 
  5. ^ Hadice Mah-firuz (1590 c. - 1620) con Osman II (1618- 1622). Ahmed I ebbe solo tre donne: Hadice Mah-firuz, da cui ebbe quattro figli (Osman, Bayezìd, Sùleyman e Hù- seyn);
  6. ^ Baki Tezcan (13 September 2010). The Second Ottoman Empire: Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 115–. ISBN 978-0-521-51949-6. 
  7. ^ Leslie P., Peirce (1993). "Wives and Concubines: The Exercise of Political Power". The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016-4314: Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-19-508677-5. 

Sources[edit]

Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Alime Sultan
Valide Sultan
26 February 1618 – 1620
Succeeded by
Alime Sultan