Mahindra Scorpio

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Mahindra Scorpio
Mahindra Scorpio.jpg
Mahindra Scorpio with Indian license plate.
Overview
Manufacturer Mahindra and Mahindra Limited
Also called Mahindra Goa (in Europe)
Production 2002–present
Assembly Nasik, Maharashtra, India[1]
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)[2]
Montevideo, Uruguay (Nordex)
Body and chassis
Class Sport utility vehicle
Body style 4-door SUV
Related Mahindra Scorpio Getaway
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L Petrol I4 116 hp
2.6L Turbodiesel I4 115 hp
2.2L M-Hawk Turbodiesel I4 120 hp
Transmission 5 speed man./6 speed Auto / optional 4-wheel drive
Dimensions
Wheelbase 105.5 in (2,680 mm)
Length 176.9 in (4,493 mm)
Width 71.5 in (1,816 mm)
Height 77.8 in (1,976 mm)
Curb weight 5,534 lb (2,510 kg) (2WD)
5,754 lb (2,610 kg) (4WD)

The Mahindra Scorpio is an SUV manufactured by Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, the flagship company of the Indian Mahindra Group. It was the first SUV from the company built for the global market. The Scorpio has been successfully accepted in international markets across the globe, and will shortly be launched in the United States.[3]

The Scorpio was conceptualized and designed by the in-house integrated design and manufacturing team of M&M. The car has been the recipient of three prestigious Indian awards: the "Car of the Year" award from Business Standard Motoring as well as the "Best SUV of the Year" and the "Best Car of the Year" awards, both from BBC World Wheels.[4]

Development[edit]

Prior to the mid-nineties, Mahindra & Mahindra was an automobile assembly company. The company manufactured Willys Jeeps and its minor modified versions, with modifications carried out in India. In 1996, the company planned to enter the SUV segment with a new product which could compete globally. Since M & M did not have the technical knowhow to handle such an ambitious product, they devised an entirely new concept among Indian auto companies. Roping in new executives who had worked in the auto industry in western countries, such as Dr. Pawan Goenka and Alan Durante, the company broke the rule that says automakers must design, engineer and test their own vehicles while spending millions of dollars in the process.

The new Mahindra Scorpio SUV had all of its major systems designed directly by suppliers, with the only inputs from Mahindra being design, performance specifications and program cost. The design and engineering of the systems were carried out by suppliers, as well as testing, validation and materials selection. Sourcing and engineering locations were also chosen by suppliers. The parts were later assembled in a Mahindra plant under the Mahindra badge, being a well-known brand in India. Using this method, the company was able to build from scratch a new vehicle with virtually 100 percent supplier involvement from concept to reality, at a cost of Rs 600 crore ($120 million),[5] including improvements to the plant. The project took five years to move from concept to final product. The cost was estimated in 2002 to be Rs 550 crore.[6]

First generation[edit]

Mahindra Scorpio first generation
Mahindra Scorpio Getaway, the pick-up version
Mahindra Scorpio second generation

The Mahindra Scorpio was launched in India in 2002. Soon after the success of the Scorpio, Mahindra launched an upgraded Scorpio with plush seats and rear centre arm rest, dual tone exterior colour and various minor changes.

Second generation[edit]

In April 2006, the company launched an upgraded Scorpio, dubbing it the 'All-New' Scorpio.

At the Auto Expo 2006 in Delhi, Mahindra also showcased their future plans on the Scorpio model by showcasing a hybrid Scorpio with CRDe engine and a Scorpio based on a pickup truck . The hybrid, the first such vehicle developed in India, was developed by Arun Jaura, a former employee of Ford. His senior, Dr. Pawan Goenka, a former engineer at GM, heads Mahindra's automotive division and oversees the Scorpio project.

In June 2007, Mahindra launched a pick-up version in India known as the Scorpio Getaway. Recently, M & M has launched a face-lifted version of the model.

In November 2007, Mahindra launched a teaser campaign for their new Scorpio Model, the m_Hawk, on their official website.[7]

Safety[edit]

The upgraded Mahindra Scorpio Getaway, launched in Australia in mid-2009, received additional safety features to the Indian model such as ABS brakes and airbags in an attempt to raise its rating to a minimum of 3 stars from the current 2 star ANCAP rating. The 2012 model scored 6.6 points out of a possible 16, giving it a 3-star ANCAP rating.[8]

Hybrid version[edit]

On April 14, 2008, Mahindra revealed a concept of a diesel-electric hybrid version of their Scorpio SUV at the 2008 SAE World Congress.[9]

On September 21, 2008, Mahindra launched their latest Scorpio with a 6-speed automatic transmission gearbox.

Scorpio facelift[edit]

Mahindra is seen testing out a Scorpio facelift with redesigned front and rear fascias and a completely new dashboard. The new model is expected to launch before the festive season of 2014, without mechanical changes.[10]

mHawk Engine[edit]

The mHawk Diesel engine holds a capacity of 2.2 L with 4 cylinders that delivers 120hp. The mHawk employs a top-mounted intercooler to improve turbocharger efficiency. The engine is based on the Bosch Common Rail system with solenoid injectors and fuel spray design that improves fuel efficiency. The mHawk is equipped with a two chain drive stage system and hydraulic lash adjusters.

Exports[edit]

Mahindra Scorpio used by Italy's CNSAS

The Mahindra Scorpio is sold across the world in countries such as: Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, France, Italy, Nepal, Qatar, Egypt, Malaysia, Russia, Spain, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Turkey.

Western Europe[edit]

In Western Europe, so as not to confuse the vehicle with the Ford Scorpio executive car, it is called the Mahindra Goa.[11]

United States[edit]

Mahindra has for a while had plans on exporting to the United States, possibly with a diesel-electric hybrid.[12] In 2006, it entered into an agreement with Global Vehicles USA to import and distribute Mahindra vehicles.[13] It originally planned to release a modified Pick-up version of the Scorpio, named Appalachia,[14] in the US by the end of 2009,[15] but legal problems have pushed back its entry into the US market. This vehicle is projected to cost in the low $20,000s.

Specifications[edit]

  • Engine: Top mounted intercooler, Intercooled, mHawk CRDe, 4 Stroke, Turbo charged, DI
  • Cubic Capacity: 2179cc
  • Max. Gross power: 120 bhp (89 kW) @ 4000 rpm
  • Max. Gross torque: 290 N·m (210 lbf·ft) @ 1800-2800 rpm
  • Gear Box: 5 speed manual and 6 speed automatic
  • Tyres: P235/70 R16, Radial Tubeless
  • Front Brakes: Disc & Caliper type, Twinpod & Tandem booster (with anti-lock braking system)
  • Rear Brakes: Drum Type
  • Fuel Tank Capacity: 60 l (13 imp gal; 16 US gal)
  • Fuel Type: Diesel
  • Turning circle radius: 5.6 m (18 ft) for 2WD

Models[edit]

  • Mahindra Scorpio LX : This is the base model with many advanced features such as mHawk engine, digital immobilizer, collapsible steering column, crash protection crumple zone, illuminated spoiler, sporty bonnet scoop and tubeless tyres. In November 2011, a 4WD version was introduced in the LX trim.
  • Mahindra Scorpio Getaway : This variant is powered by the 2.6L, 2609cc, diesel engine. It satisfies only BS III emission norms, so it is not available in metro cities.
  • Mahindra Scorpio SLE : This is an upgraded version with additional features like ABS, air dams and mud flaps, front fog lamps, voice assist system, electrically operated ORVMs and middle row sliding seats.
  • Mahindra Scorpio VLX : This is an upgraded version with additional features like sporty decals, alloy wheels, anti pinch smart windows, cruise control and audio controls on the steering wheel, dual airbags, micro hybrid technology, 2 Din audio system, intellipark, tyre tronics, and blue vision bulbs.
  • Mahindra Scorpio VLX AT : This is the premium model with an additional feature of an automatic transmission gearbox.
  • Mahindra Scorpio VLX 4WD: this is the premium model with dual airbags, ABS and 4WD.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahindra Corporate". Mahindra.com. 1981-02-08. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  2. ^ "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  3. ^ "Guess what? US has appetite for Indian cars". dnaindia.com. 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  4. ^ [1] Mahindra Scorpio Suv & Pik-up Range Launched in Brazil
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ "The Hindu Business Line : Rs 20-cr ad spend to add sting to Scorpio". Thehindubusinessline.in. 2002-06-29. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  7. ^ "website". Mahindrascorpio.com. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  8. ^ "Crash Test Results Mahindra Pikup 2012" (PDF). Australasian New Car Assessment Program. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  9. ^ Wojdyla, Ben (2008-04-14). "Indian Mahindra Scorpio Diesel-Electric Hybrid SUV: First Pictures Of First Indian Hybrid - 2008 SAE". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  10. ^ http://indianautosblog.com/2014/03/2014-mahindra-scorpio-facelift-spied-124883
  11. ^ "Mahindra Goa website". Mahindra Europe website. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Scorpio set to burn rubber on US highways - India Business - Business - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2006-11-21. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Mahindra Clean Diesel Pickup Trucks and SUVs". Mahindrana.com. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  14. ^ Golfen, Bob (June 6, 2012). "Jilted Dealers Sue Indian Automaker". SPEED Channel. Fox Sports. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  15. ^ "Mahindra to enter US market with fuel-efficient pickup truck". domain-b.com. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 

External links[edit]