Mahmud Kâmil Pasha

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Mahmud Kâmil Pasha
1315 (1899) P.-8[1]
Mahmud Kâmil Pasha.jpg
Mahmud Kâmil Pasha
Born (1880-12-00)0 December 1880
Heleb (Aleppo), Ottoman Empire
Died 0 June 1922(1922-06-00) (aged 42)
Constantinople (Istanbul), Ottoman Empire
Allegiance Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire
Years of service Ottoman: 1901 – June 1922
Rank Mirliva
Commands held Seconde Army, Third Army, Fifth Army
Battles/wars Balkan Wars
First World War

Mahmud Kâmil Pasha (1880; Aleppo -June 1922; Constantinople (Istanbul)) was a general of the Ottoman Army.

On 22 December 1914, he was appointed as the commander of the Second Army. On 17 February 1915, he was appointed as the commander of the 3rd Army in the eastern Anatolia, later assigned to 5th Army[2]

He commanded the 3rd Army until the fall of the key fortress of Erzurum in February 1916, after which he was relieved of command.[3] After the armistice of Mudros the allied administration established with the occupation of Constantinople arrested him and become one of the Malta exiles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harp Akademileri Komutanlığı, Harp Akademilerinin 120 Yılı, İstanbul, 1968, p. 27. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Keith Neilson, 1983, Coalition Warfare, Published by Wilfrid Laurier University Press, page 49 ISBN 978-0-88920-165-1; W.E.D. Allen and Paul Muratoff, Caucasian Battlefields, A History of Wars on the Turco-Caucasian Border, 1828–1921, 311. ISBN 0-89839-296-9
  3. ^ W.E.D. Allen and Paul Muratoff, Caucasian Battlefields, A History of Wars on the Turco-Caucasian Border, 1828–1921, 375. ISBN 0-89839-296-9