Mahonia bealei

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leatherleaf mahonia
阔叶十大功劳
kuo ye shi da gong lao
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Mahonia
Species: M. bealei
Binomial name
Mahonia bealei
(Fortune) Carrière
Synonyms[1][2][3]
  • Berberis bealei Fortune
  • Berberis bealei var. planifolia Hook.f.
  • Berberis japonica Lindl.
  • Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carrière
  • Mahonia bealei var. planifolia (Hook.f.) Ahrendt
  • Mahonia japonica var. bealei (Fortune) Fedde
  • Mahonia japonica var. planifolia (Hook.f.) H.Lév.

Mahonia bealei is a shrub native to mainland China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang).[3] The species has sometimes been regarded as the same species as Mahonia japonica, native to Taiwan, but the two differ consistently in certain floral and leaf characters. Both species are widely cultivated in many countries as ornamentals. Mahonia bealei has reportedly escaped cultivation and become established in the wild in scattered places in the southeastern United States from Arkansas to Florida to Delaware.[4][5]

Mahonia bealei is a shrub or small tree up to 8 m tall. Leaves are up to 50 cm long, with 4-10 [pairs of leaflets, plus a much larger terminal leaflet. Flowers are borne in an erect raceme up to 30 cm long. Berry is egg-shaped, dark purple up to 15 mm long.[3][6][7][8]

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