The Mahatams are a clan found among the Punjabis of India and Pakistan. They practice Hindu, Sikh and Muslim religions. In the 1920s the former were mainly cultivators while the latter were clearers of the jungle.
After it was defeated, the army of Maharana Partap went to the jungles to regroup. For survival, they hunted. After some time the army spread to different parts of old Punjab, into districts including Alipur, Multan and Bhawalpur. Rajputs accompanied Partap. Mahtam appear to have migrated from these cities after partition. They settled on the river bank of Yamuna in Haryana Punjab in the districts of Sonepat, Panipat, Karnal, Kurukshetra and Rajpura. They traced their ancestry from Raja Bhim Sain of Delhi, through his great grandson Mahi. In southern Punjab, the Mahtam were historically tenants and their chief occupation was snaring wild pigs. The Rassiwat branch was connected with rope making.
The Lahore Mahtams claimed descent from brothers Jaimal and Fateh, who came from Delhi. The Jats were their great rivals and after the Mughal Emperor Akbar married a local Jat, the Mahtam were banished.
According to the 1901 census of India, nearly half were Hindu, while one quarter each were Sikh and Muslim.
Mahtam clans or gots
- Gazetteer of the Multan District 1923-24 published by Sang-E-Meel Publications and Page 99
- Punjab - Police and Jails The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 20, p. 363.
- A Glossary of the tribes & castes of Punjab by H. A Rose
- People of India Punjab Volume XXXVII edited by I.J.S Bansal and Swaran Singh pages 367 to 372 Manohar