Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya

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Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya
Mai safooa mazar.png
The mazar of Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadriya
Born Safoora
1742
Jarala, (in Mughal Empire / Durrani Empire)
Died 1795
Residence Ravi belt, in Durrani Empire
Other names RabiaZaman, Sapooran
Education Religious Education
Occupation Agriculture
Years active 23 years
Known for Being the mother of Saleh muhammad safoori, Sufism, Miracles, Piousness
Notable work(s) Preaching of Islam
Religion Sunni Islam
Denomination Hanafi Qadiri
Spouse(s) Khawja noor muhammad
Children Saleh muhammad safoori (son) , Saleha (daughter)
Parents Rustam ali(Father), Bi Bi Saara(Mother)
Relatives Saleh Muhammad Safoori (son)
Family Farooqi Qadiri

Rabia'zmaa Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya (Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Arabic, Punjabi:رابعہ زماں حضرت مائی صفورہ قادریہ رحہ) or Mai Sapooran (1742-1795) was a holy lady of southern Punjab and the mother of Saleh muhammad safoori.[1][2] She was born in Jarala. She was of Arab descent and was the grand daughter of merchant Abu'ul'Fateh who was Sufi by character and Qadiri by Silsila denomination. Her Sufi position was accepted by poet Ali Haider who previously had the notion that 'a woman can't become Sufi'.

Biography[edit]

She was born in Jarala (a place in present Punjab, Pakistan). At the time of her birth this place was part of the Mughal Empire. After the death of Nader Shah's Turkmen Afsharid, Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1747 became the Padshah durr-i durrān (King, "pearl of the age" or "pearl of pearls"). The area went under the control of Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1749, when the Mughal ruler was induced to cede Sindh, the Punjab region and the Indus River to Ahmad Shah Abdali in order to save his capital from Afghan attack. The new sultanate was the Durrani Empire, which started in 1747 and lasted util 1826.

In her childhood she was educated under Islam. She learned Punjabi, Farsi and Arabic.


Family[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khawaja Abu-Al-Fateh Dawood Qadiri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hazrat Rustam Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hazart Karam Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mian-Hakim
 
Mian-Hussain
 
Mai Safoora
 
Bi Bi Saara
 
Khawja Noor Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saleh Muhammad Safoori
 
Saleha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abd-ul-Rehman
 
Shams-ul-din
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasam-ul-Din
 
 
Muhammad Yasin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allah bakh (Mian Bakshan)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Haji Muhammad Safoori
 
Taj Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

She had two offspring Saleh muhammad safoori (son), Saleha (daughter). The descendents of Saleh muhammad safoori are remain in the same area.[3] Haji muhammad safoori was also a grandson of Mai Safoora. Her descendants are Sunni Muslims belonging to Hanafi School of Thought(Madhab). In case of Sufism, they either belong to Qadiri Sufi order which was also the Sufi order of Mai Safoora.

Ancestry[edit]

Her ancestry is somewhat controversial but her descendents claim that she descended from Hazrat Umar, a rightly guided caliph and companion of Muhammad. Her father's name was Rustam ali. Her grand father's name was Khawja abu-alfateh Daood Qadiri.[4]

Descendants[edit]

Saleh muhammad safoori[edit]

Saleh Muhammad Safoori was the son of Mai Safoora. He wrote a poetic collection: Kulliyat-e-Saleh Muhammad Safoori, published by Yousaf Tahir Miana. Safoori was a learned man whose first writing was made public by Yousaf Tahir was a piece in Persian poetry about Sufi poet Baba Bulleh Shah. Bulleh Shah`s visit to Hakeem was also mentioned by Khwaja Farid in Maqabeesul Majalis. The Persian Tazkara written by Saleh muhammad safoori is still in manuscript form.[5]

Haji Muhammad Safoori[edit]

Main article: Haji Muhammad Safoori

Haji Muhammad Safoori was Safoora's great-grandson. He wrote a poetry collection on Punjabi mythology: Sassi Punnun. His poetry collection was discovered by his cousin's son Sahibzada Yousaf Tahir. Sahibzada Yousaf Tahir published his poetry collection.[6] According to Tahir, Haji Muhammad Safoori had fallen in love with a Nonari woman (Note:Nonari is a Punjabi ethnic tribe found in Punjab province's central zones). (The word Nonari means 'people who manufacture salt'.)

Tomb[edit]

Her tomb was constructed in 1795 by the order of Multan`s Afghan ruler Nawab Muzafar Khan Sadozai.[7][8]

Ali Haider[edit]

Not to be confused with 'Ali Haider', a companion and cousin of Prophet Muhammad, and fourth caliph of Sunni Islam

Ali Haider (1690–1785) was a Punjabi poet in the Golden Era of Punjabi Poetry. He was also a religious scholar and Sufi of Chishti order. According to Punjabi historians including Yousaf Tahir, he had accepted the Sufi position of Mai Safoora, who was a Qadiri Sufi.

Haider accepted the Sufi position of Rabia-zama Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya after watching the famous incident of miracle in which she prayed salat in Ravi river.

Basti Mai Safoora[edit]

Basti Mai Safoora (بستی مائی صفورہ) or Ma'oza Mai Safoora (موضع مائی صفورہ ) is a small village in the Toba Tek Singh district in the Punjab province of present-day Pakistan.[9]

Basti Mai Safoora is named after Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya.

Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya in Arabic Calligraphy

Local people consider her as a Saint and Wali-ullah and believe in her miracles, virtuousness, piousness and holiness.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Controversy over poet Ali Haider! From the Newspaper | Metropolitan - Lahore | 23rd June, 2011 KULIYAT-I-SALEH MUHAMMAD SAFOORI plus Supplement on Mai Safoora tey Ali Haider; by Sahibzada Yousuf Tahir; pp 240; Price Rs300(hb); Publishers; Maktaba-i-Safooria, Ideal School Building, Abdul Hakeem Shehr, district Khanewal.
  2. ^ کلیات صالح محمد صفوری.  Sahibzada Yousuf Tahir `invaded` the city of Lahore with a book of poetry by one of his ancestors Haji Muhammad Safoori. This was the versified story of Sassi Punnu, a folk story from Sindh which remained always popular with Punjabi poets. Haji Muhammad was the great grandson of Haji Saleh Muhammad, who was the son of saint Mai Safoora to whom great Punjabi poet Ali Haider had paid great tribute
  3. ^ Descendents of Mai safoora. .  Whether Qamar had consulted the close members of the family or dynasty of Mai Safoora or not, Tahir Yousuf, asserts that every researcher should try his utmost to collect as many facts as from all the available sources. Perhaps that has not been done by Qamar. Thus, one of the six chapters of the book is about Ali Haider, his ancestors, his own learned position in the area where he was counted among the Qazi family.
  4. ^ صفوری. .  Ali Haider himself was quite senior in age to Mai Safoora but a prominent scholar and teacher Shaukat Ali Qamar while writing a doctoral thesis on Ali Haider doubted whether Ali Haider had accepted the religious or spiritual position of Mai Safoora? That hurts Yousuf Tahir and he has come out with many historical, geographical, cultural and family tree, and official documents of Mughal and British period and thus questioned the credentials of Dr Shaukat Ali.
  5. ^ (DAWN News)All that was about one chapter of the book, the other five are about Mai Safoora and her elder son Saleh Muhammad Safoori whose father Noor Muhammad was cousin of his mother. Haji Saleh was a learned man and his first writing made public by Yousuf Tahir was a piece in Persian poetry about Sufi poet Baba Bulleh Shah who had visited Sufi Abdul Hakeem, a senior contemporary of Ali Haider and Mai Safoora. Bulleh Shah`s visit to Hakeem was also mentioned by Khwaja Farid in Maqabeesul Majalis.
  6. ^ (DAWN News)That Persian Tazkara written by Saleh Muhammad is still in manuscript form and it requires more investment than perhaps Yousuf Tahir, the great grandson of Saleh could afford. Yousuf in this volume includes, the Punjabi works of his ancestor which consist of story of Sassi Punnu, story of Sohni Mahinwal, two si-harfis, two poetic tribute to Sufi Sultan Abdul Hakeem and Jati Abdal, one in memory of his mother Mai Safoora… all spread over 62 pages. Saleh Muhammad says about his mother:
  7. ^ Mazar of mai safoora. .  There are some other controversial points which have been challenged by Yousuf and one among them is the position of Khwaja Noor Muhammad Maharvi and Ali Haidar before Fakhr-i-Jahan who came from Aurangabad to Delhi in 1751 when Ali Haidar was of 64 years, therefore, stories of Ali Haidar, Noor Muhammad Maharvi and Khwaja Fakhr-i-Jahan are baseless. Qamar according to the claim of the Qazi family in his research says that Ali Haidar was a Qureshi by caste.
  8. ^ Official Mai Safoora  Yousuf says that Haidar was Sidhal Jat and the poet had himself called him Sidhal Jat. All Yousuf wants to say is that respected and learned Dr Qamar should have taken more pain while collecting information about the poet and his life.
  9. ^ BOOK of Poetry and introduction to saints of Ravi Belt: 'Kulliyat-E-Saleh muhammad safoori r.a Ma'aZami'ya (Mai Safoora r.a te Ali Haider r.a)' Sahibzada Yousaf Tahir