Maianthemum stellatum

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Maianthemum stellatum
Maianthemum stellatum 15290.JPG
M. stellatum in the Wenatchee National Forest, Washington, U.S.A.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: M. stellatum
Binomial name
Maianthemum stellatum
(L.) Link
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Asteranthemum stellatum (L.) Nieuwl.
  • Asteranthemum stellatum (L.) Nieuwl.
  • Asteranthemum vulgare Kunth
  • Asteranthemum vulgare var. uniflorum (Pursh) Kunth
  • Convallaria hybrida Marchal
  • Convallaria stellata L.
  • Smilacina liliacea (Greene) F.L. Wynd
  • Smilacina sessilifolia Nutt. ex Baker
  • Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
  • Smilacina stellata fo. paniculata H. St. John
  • Smilacina stellata var. crassa Vict.
  • Smilacina stellata var. sessilifolia L.F. Hend.
  • Smilacina stellata var. sylvatica Vict. & J. Rousseau
  • Smilacina stellata var. uniflora Pursh
  • Tovaria sessilifolia Baker
  • Tovaria stellata (L.) Neck. ex Baker
  • Unifolium liliaceum Greene
  • Unifolium sessilifolium (Baker) Greene
  • Unifolium stellatum (L.) Greene
  • Vagnera angustifolia Raf.
  • Vagnera leptopetala Rydb.
  • Vagnera liliacea (Greene) Rydb.
  • Vagnera sessilifolia (Baker) Greene
  • Vagnera stellata (L.) Morong
  • Vagnera stellata var. mollis Farw.

Maianthemum stellatum (star-flowered, starry, or little false Solomon's seal, or simply false Solomon's seal; starry false lily-of-the-valley; syn. Smilacina stellata) is a species of flowering plant, native across North America generally from Alaska to California to North Carolina to Newfoundland. It has been reported from every Canadian province and territory except Nunavut, and from every US state except Hawaii, Arkansas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina and Florida. It is an ever-changing seasonal plant with little white buds in the spring, followed by delicate starry flowers, then green-and-black striped berries (see image gallery) and finally deep red berries in the fall (image gallery).[3][4][5][6][7]

It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant, smaller than its close relative M. racemosum. For comparison, M. stellatum has smaller, more open inflorescences, flowers with stamens shorter rather than longer than the petals, and somewhat narrower and more curved leaves (image gallery). Both species show the characteristic zigzag of the stem between the alternate leaves.[8] [9] True Solomon's seal (Polygonatum sp) has a similar overall appearance, but the flowers hang from the stem underneath the leaves, rather than forming a terminal cluster.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tropicos
  2. ^ The Plant List
  3. ^ USDA. "PLANTS Profile: Maianthemum stellatum". Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  4. ^ eFloras.org. "Maianthemum stellatum". Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Derek; Linda Kershaw, Andy Mackinnon, Jim Pojar (1995). Plants of the Western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland (Digitized online by Google books). Lone Pine Publishing and the Canadian Forest Service. p. 83. ISBN 1-55105-058-7. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  6. ^ Wilkinson, Kathleen (1999). Wildflowers of Alberta A Guide to Common Wildflowers and Other Herbaceous Plants. Edmonton Alberta: Lone Pine Publishing and University of Alberta. pp. 24–25. ISBN 0-88864-298-9. 
  7. ^ Kershaw, Linda (2003). Saskatchewan Wayside Wildflowers. Edmonton, Alberta: Lone Pine Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 1-55105-354-3. 
  8. ^ Horn, Kathleen (1998). Sierra Nevada Wildflowers. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press. pp. 96=97. ISBN 0-87842-388-5. 
  9. ^ Laws, John Muir (2006). The Laws Field Guide to the Sierra Nevada (California Academy of Sciences). Berkeley, California: Heyday Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-59714-052-2. 

External links[edit]