Maidashi

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Kyushu University Hospital
Kyushu University Station for Collective Research II

Maidashi (馬出?) is a district of Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. It is divided into six chōme, numbered 1 to 6, with a total population of 8,813 and 5,341 households (as of 31 August 2011).[1] The postal code for addresses in Maidashi is 812–0054.[2] The "Maidashi" school district includes parts of the Higashi Hama district.[3]

Geography[edit]

It is located to the west of Hakozaki Shrine.

Etymology[edit]

Mai (?) means horse and dashi (?) means offer in Japanese. It is said that the name of Maidashi derives from a historical event at which the town people provided horses for participants at a festival in Hakozaki-gu. The name has been used since the end of Heian Period.[4] Formally it belonged in Naka gun (那珂郡?)(in Chikuzen koku (筑前国?), it was written as Umayade (馬屋出?).[5]

History[edit]

Former the Building of Department of Medicine Kyushu Imperial University
(Present the Faculty of Medicine Bldg. A of Basic Science of Kyushu University)
Rikyu kama kake matsu

In the Kamakura Period, when the Mongols attempted to invade Japan, Hakata suffered a surprise attack, which led the Kamakura bakuhu, Japan's feudal government, to create a bulwark against the Mongolian intruder. At the end of the Sengoku period, after Kyūshū Campaign, Toyotomi Hideyoshi settled by the sea shore, and ordered Sen no rikyu to hold a tea party. The pine tree where Rikyu boiled kettle for the tea ceremony still exists in the Kyushu University Medical campus. During the Edo period, there were many domestic expenditures which made Mage-mono (曲物?) and roofing panel and Sanpo, ritual article, to be ordered out by Hakozaki-gu.

In 1903, the Fukuoka Ika daigaku (福岡医科大学 Fukuoka medical school?) was established. It was originally the Fukuoka kenritsu Fukuoka byoin (福岡県立福岡病院 the Fukuoka prefectural hospital?), which was derived from Sansei kan (賛生館?), Fukuoka clan school. In 1911, the Kyushu Imperial University medical school was established.

Education and child care[edit]

There are several educational establishments: Kyushu University (National Seven Universities) Medical school, dental collage, department of pharmacy, and Hakata joshi junior high school and high school (博多女子中学校・高等学校?), Fukuoka municipal junior high school (福岡市立福岡中学校?) and Maidashi elementary school.

In addition, there are top level institutes of Japan such as Kyushu University Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University Research Center for Prevention of Infections Diseases, and Kyushu University Research Center for Genetic Information.

In Maidashi the number of children has been increasing since 1990.[6] There are many child-care facilities, such as Suginoko hoiku-en (杉の子保育園?), Himawari hoiku-en (ひまわり保育園?), and parent and toddler groups such as Merry-go-land (メリーゴーランド?) (in Maidashi Kaikan), Donguri-rando (どんぐりランド?), and San san salon ( SUNさんサロン?).

City[edit]

There is a shopping mall called Yume taun Hakata (ゆめタウン博多 which means 'Hakata Dream Town' in Japanese?),[7] which attracts many people from surrounding areas during holidays. There is an international school in Maidashi.

Garden city[edit]

Hakozaki-gu Hana teien

There are many gardens, such as Azuma Koen,[8] Maidashi ryokuchi, Kyushu University campus, Hakozaki-gu hana teien (筥崎宮花庭園 Hakozaki shrine flower garden?), etc. The maidachi area is famous for being a garden city. Fukuoka city has a high number of parks for Japan,[9] especially the Midashi area with low population density and educational facility and research establishment cover a much larger area.[10][11][12] Maidashi ryokuchi is not only a park but also a historic site which gives the citizens opportunities to learn the modern history of Hukuoka since the Meiji era.[13]

Parks:

Waterfront[edit]

The Hakata bay viewed from Higashi-hama
The Hakata bay at set of sun

Formally the coast line retreated at the point of the Kyushu University Maidashi campus today, where there was a place of scenic beauty with white sands and pine groves called Shirahama aomatsu (白砂青松 the pine trees with beautiful scenery of the seashore?). But later a landfill site was created and now views of the sea are left only around the Osiroi hama (お潮井浜?) of Hakozaki shrine,[14] and an extensive prospect of Hakata Bay. Nowadays as a fabulous view of the sea is to be a key selling point, some high-rise condominiums, targeted for high-income class, have been constructed.[3][15]

Medical and welfare facilities[edit]

Club Orient No.70 Harbor South Tower2

In the maidashi area there are twelve medical organizations, and per capita number of doctors, nurses, and beds is well above the national average.[16][17][18]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Road[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Information of Fukuoka City" (in Japanese). Japan: Fukuoka City. 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Maidashi postal code search". Yubin.net (in Japanese). Japan. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Fukuokasi Azuma-ku Maidashi kohku (Official site)
  4. ^ Shigeki Yoshida(吉田茂樹)2005『日本地名大辞典コンパクト版(下)』(新人物往来社):229(Japanese)
  5. ^ Kenkichi Kato(加藤謙吉)at el.2007『日本古代史地名辞典』(雄山閣) (written in Japanese)
  6. ^ Maidashi school area in Azuma word Fukuoka city(Fukuoka ward office)(Japanese)
  7. ^ Its legal address is Higasshi hama 1 chome, but it located in Maidashi school district.
  8. ^ But part of it located in Higashi Koen.
  9. ^ machidukuri_info/databook
  10. ^ Parkis and ground-floor area is as follows; Maidashi Higshi 2525m2; aidashi Minami 997m2; Yoneda 2392m2; Maidashi 1st 597m2; aidashi 2nd 249m2; aidashi 3rd 371m2; Maidashi ryokuchi 7325m2; zuma park 4945m2; gosho-no uchi 2435m2.
  11. ^ The per capita park space in Maidashi, added Kyushu University Maidashi camps 650000m2 and Hakozaki-gu Hana-teien 7000m2, is 10.79m2, and it exceed the national average, and in intersite comparison between government-ordinance-designated cities, Maidashi is second hehind the Sapporo in Japan.
  12. ^ Koen e Ikoh, Tanoshii Fukuokasi no Koen Let's go to the Parks, joyful parks of Fukuoka City. (Japanese)
  13. ^ YOMIURI ONLINE (読売新聞) Miyaji-dake sen (1) (宮地岳線(1)?) (Japanese)
  14. ^ hakozakigu(written in Japanese.)
  15. ^ the address of Club Orient Harbor Tower is Higashi-hama, but school district is Maidashi.
  16. ^ Statistics of Kyushu University Hospital(Japanese)
  17. ^ Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare(Japanese)
  18. ^ The number of beds (excluding private clinics) is 1452, and the number per thousand greatly exceeds the national average by a factor of ten.

External links[edit]

Media related to Maidashi at Wikimedia Commons