Mail & Guardian
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
|Type||Newspaper, online, kindle, iPad, digital, mobi|
|Format||Broadsheet, tablet, e-reader, online, android|
|Owner(s)||M&G Media Ltd|
|Headquarters||Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa|
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa. It focuses on political analysis, investigative reporting, Southern African news, local arts, music and popular culture.
The publication was started as an alternative newspaper by a group of journalists in 1985 after the closure of two leading liberal newspapers, The Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Express. It was originally known as the Weekly Mail, as the paper did not have enough money to publish daily. Weekly Mail was one of the first newspapers to use Apple Mac desktop publishing.
The Weekly Mail criticised the government and its apartheid policies, which led to the paper's suspension in 1988 by then State President P. W. Botha. The paper was renamed the Weekly Mail & Guardian from 30 July 1993. The London-based Guardian Media Group (GMG), publishers of The Guardian, became the majority shareholder of the print edition in 1995, and the name was changed to Mail & Guardian. In 2002, GMG reduced its shareholding to 10%, selling an 87.5% majority share in the newspaper to Newtrust Company Botswana Limited, owned by Zimbabwean publisher and entrepreneur Trevor Ncube. Having relocated to South Africa, Ncube also took over as CEO of the company. 
The newspaper's headquarters are in Rosebank, Johannesburg, with a smaller bureau in Cape Town. The editor of the Mail & Guardian is Angela Quintal, the editor-in-chief is former M&G Online editor Chris Roper and the CEO is Hoosain Karjieker.
In 2006 MDA became the Mail & Guardian’s national distributor. The change resulted in good circulation growth, despite difficult market conditions. In 2013 the newspaper achieved a record period with 51 551 copies circulated. MDA distributes a number of publications including Noseweek and Destiny magazine.
The Mail & Guardian Online
In 1994, the Mail & Guardian Online was launched in conjunction with Media24 (a subsidiary of the Naspers group), becoming the first internet news publication in Africa. It has grown into its own daily news operation with a number of writers, multimedia producers, sub-editors and more. It is run out of the Mail & Guardian offices in Rosebank, Johannesburg. The site focuses on local, international and African hard news, sport and business.
The website began its life as the Electronic Mail & Guardian, which was initially an e-mail subscription service that allowed readers living outside South Africa to receive Mail & Guardian newspaper stories before they reached newspaper subscribers. Soon after, the service expanded into a searchable online archive, published in partnership with Sangonet, the country's oldest internet service provider. A website was added, which in turn progressed from producing a weekly mirror of the printed newspaper to generating its own daily news.
The Mail & Guardian Online was jointly owned by internet service provider MWEB and publishing company M&G Media until M&G Media purchased 100% of the operation in 2008.
It has interactive news photo galleries, discussion forums and special reports on subjects such as Zimbabwe, HIV and controversial South African President Jacob Zuma. It also features regular cartoons by South African political cartoonist Zapiro.
M&G Media runs several other sites including:
- Thought Leader — an editorial group blog of commentary and analysis
- Amabunghane — investigative journalism issued in the interest of the public
- Voices of Africa — a contributor blog including everyday accounts of ordinary Africans
- Mail & Guardian Women — aggregated content that foregrounds women's issues that might otherwise be subsumed in general content
- Mail & Guardian Africa — a pan-African digital platform headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
- 2012: CNN African Journalism award (2012)
- 2012: Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Award
- 2011: Vodacom journalist of the year award
- 2011: Bookmark awards
- 2010: Bookmark awards 
- 2005: Webby Worthy honourable mention
- 2001: Forbes.com voted the Mail & Guardian Online one of the world's top 175 websites
- 1996: Missouri Medal for Distinguished Journalism
- 1995: British IPD Best International Newspaper Award
|January — March 2013||45 279|
|April — June 2013||42 496|
|July — September 2013||42 242|
|October — December 2013||51 551|
|January — March 2014||44 266|
- Buckland, Matthew. "Trevor Ncube buys Mail&Guardian". Mail&Guardian. Retrieved 2006-11-29.
- Craig Mckune (August 23, 2013), "Iqbal Survé threatens to 'expose' M&G".
- "South Africans shine at CNN Multichoice African Journalist Awards", TheMediaOnline, 23 July 2012.
- "Finalists of Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Award announced", Media Update, 24 July 2012.
- "More Vodacom Journalist of the Year regional winners", 12 October 2011.
- Nur Bremmen, "The Bookmarks Awards strike gold, although few golds awarded", Memeburn.
- "M&G wins two Bookmarks", Media Update, 30 November 2010.
- "M&G Website". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Audit Bureau of Circulations (S.A)