Mail & Guardian
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|Type||Newspaper, online, kindle, iPad, digital, mobi|
|Format||Broadsheet, tablet, e-reader, online, android|
|Owner||M&G Media Ltd|
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa. It focuses on political analysis, investigative reporting, Southern African news, local arts, music and popular culture.
Initially started as an alternative newspaper by a group of journalists in 1985 after the closures of the two leading liberal newspapers, The Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Express. The paper was originally known as the Weekly Mail, as the paper did not have enough money to publish daily. Weekly Mail was one of the first newspapers to use Apple Mac desktop publishing. The paper was renamed the Weekly Mail & Guardian from 30 July 1993, later shortened to the Mail and Guardian.
The Weekly Mail criticised the government and its Apartheid policies which led to the paper's suspension in 1988 by PW Botha. In 1994 the Mail & Guardian Online was launched in conjunction with the predominantly Afrikaner-owned Media24, becoming the first internet news publication in Africa. The London based Guardian Media Group (GMG), publishers of The Guardian, became the majority shareholder of the print edition in 1995, and the name was changed to Mail & Guardian. GMG sold most of its holding to Zimbabwean Newspaper magnate Trevor Ncube in 2002. GMG still holds 10% of the company.
In 2002, The Guardian reduced its shareholding to 10%, selling a majority share in the newspaper of 87.5% to Newtrust Company Botswana Limited, owned by Zimbabwean publisher and entrepreneur Trevor Ncube. Having relocated to South Africa, Ncube also took over as CEO of the company.
The newspaper's headquarters are in Rosebank, Gauteng, Johannesburg, with smaller bureaux in Durban and Cape Town. The editor of the Mail & Guardian is Nicholas Dawes and the CEO is Hoosain Karjieker.
The Mail & Guardian Online 
In 1994, the Mail & Guardian Online was launched in conjunction with Media24 (a subsidiary of the Naspers group), becoming the first internet news publication in Africa. It has grown into its own daily news operation with a number of writers, multimedia producers, sub-editors and more. The editor is Chris Roper. It is run out of the Mail & Guardian offices in Rosebank, Johannesburg. The site focuses on local, international and African hard news, sport and business; publishing analytical reports from its print edition.
The site has a monthly readership of about 650 000 unique users and 5 100 000-page impressions, from South Africa and around the world. It is one of South Africa's top five news sites.
The website began its life as the Electronic Mail & Guardian, which was initially an e-mail subscription service that allowed readers living outside South Africa's borders to receive Mail & Guardian newspaper stories hours before reaching the newspaper's subscribers. Soon after, the service expanded into a searchable online archive, published in partnership with Sangonet, the country's oldest internet service provider. A website was added, which in turn progressed from producing a weekly mirror of the printed newspaper to generating its own daily news.
The Mail & Guardian Online was jointly owned by internet service provider MWEB and publishing company M&G Media until MG Media purchased 100% of the operation in 2008.
The Mail & Guardian Online works closely with the newspaper, but has its own dedicated editorial staff to produce breaking news on a daily basis to complement the analytical, in-depth feature articles from the newspaper. It has national, international, Africa, business and sports news, as well as arts and entertainment coverage.
It has interactive news photo galleries, discussion forums and special reports on subjects such as Zimbabwe, HIV and controversial South African President Jacob Zuma. It also features regular cartoons by the South African political cartoonist Zapiro.
On 26 January 2011, the Mail & Guardian Website was attacked by hackers, and the editor posted the following on the Mail & Guardian Domain:- "Dear Mail & Guardian reader; The Mail & Guardian's website is under sustained attack by hackers. We are dealing with the problem, but to make absolutely sure that your security isn't compromised, we have decided to suspend the service temporarily. It's a drastic measure, but we really don't want to take any chances with security. We apologise for this interruption of service. We'll be back as soon as we have made certain that the problem has been effectively dealt with. We'll continue to update you as soon as we have news. Christopher Roper, Editor (Online)"
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- 2012: CNN African Journalism award] (2012)
- 2012: Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Award
- 2011: Vodacom journalist of the year award
- 2011: Bookmark awards
- 2010 Bookmark awards 
- 2005 – Webby Worthy honourable mention
- 2001 – Forbes.com voted the Mail & Guardian Online one of the world's top 175 websites
- 1996 – Missouri Medal for Distinguished Journalism
- 1995 – British IPD Best International Newspaper Award
See also 
- Mail & Guardian Online (official website)
- Buckland, Matthew. "Trevor Ncube buys Mail&Guardian". Mail&Guardian. Retrieved 2006-11-29.
- Effective Measure, September 2011