Maillé, Indre-et-Loire

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Maillé
Coat of arms of Maillé
Coat of arms
Maillé is located in France
Maillé
Maillé
Coordinates: 47°03′13″N 0°34′56″E / 47.0536°N 0.5822°E / 47.0536; 0.5822Coordinates: 47°03′13″N 0°34′56″E / 47.0536°N 0.5822°E / 47.0536; 0.5822
Country France
Region Centre
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Chinon
Canton Sainte-Maure-de-Touraine
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Eliaume
Area
 • Land1 15.67 km2 (6.05 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 609
 • Population2 density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 37142 / 37800
Elevation 43–110 m (141–361 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maillé is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

History[edit]

On 25 August 1944, Nazi German soldiers killed 124 people and razed the village.[1] The resultant massacre was the second largest in France of World War II after that at Oradour-sur-Glane.[1]

On the same day as Paris was surrendered to the Allies, an estimated 80 Waffen-SS soldiers of 17th SS Replacement Battalion (17. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division „Götz von Berlichingen“) entered the village of 600 people in the morning, and killed 124 residents, including 46 children under the age of 14 and 42 women. Many of the victims were shot, the remainder bludgeoned, bayoneted and burned - the village was then shelled until it was in ruins. Survivors later found a handwritten message on several corpses: "This is punishment for terrorists and their assistants."[2]

The reasons for the massacre are still unknown, although on the previous day a group of French resistance fighters had killed several German officers travelling in a car,[1] and in a separate incident ambushed a Waffen SS column to the north; the district was also at the time safeguarding a United States Army Air Forces pilot who had crash-landed in the area.[2]

Only one person has ever been held accountable, when in 1952, a former German army lieutenant, Gustav Schlueter was tried in absentia by a French court and found guilty. He remained living in Germany until his death in 1965.[2]

Although France has a 30-year limit on war crimes prosecutions, Germany does not and after the massacre featured in a German newspaper article in 2004, Dortmund-based prosecutor Ulrich Maas who specialises in hunting down war criminals started an investigation. After the massacre featured in a television documentary, Maas visited the village in July 2008 to collect more information, and laid a wreath at the memorial.[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 492 —    
1800 473 −3.9%
1806 426 −9.9%
1821 450 +5.6%
1831 507 +12.7%
1836 503 −0.8%
1841 548 +8.9%
1846 552 +0.7%
1851 595 +7.8%
1856 551 −7.4%
1861 529 −4.0%
1866 530 +0.2%
1872 578 +9.1%
1876 525 −9.2%
1881 502 −4.4%
1886 515 +2.6%
1891 466 −9.5%
1896 456 −2.1%
1901 456 +0.0%
1906 474 +3.9%
1911 478 +0.8%
1921 470 −1.7%
1926 491 +4.5%
1931 482 −1.8%
1936 490 +1.7%
1946 449 −8.4%
1954 542 +20.7%
1962 602 +11.1%
1968 587 −2.5%
1975 518 −11.8%
1982 580 +12.0%
1990 594 +2.4%
1999 653 +9.9%
2006 619 −5.2%
2009 609 −1.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]