|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009)|
|• Administrator||Mian Fayiaz Ahmad Nadeem|
|• TMO||Mian Muhammad Azhar|
|• City||5 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,550/km2 (9,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC+6)|
Mailsi (Punjabi,Urdu: میلسی) is a city located in Vehari District, Punjab, Pakistan. The city of Mailsi is the headquarters of Mailsi Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district. It is located 915 kilometres (569 mi) away from Karachi, 346 kilometres (215 mi) away from Lahore, 258 kilometres (160 mi) away from Faisalabad, 84 kilometres (52 mi) away from Multan, 78 kilometres (48 mi) away from Bahawalpur, 42 kilometres (26 mi) away from Vehari, 34 kilometres (21 mi) away from Kahror Pakka, 62 kilometres (39 mi) away from Lodhran and 51 kilometres (32 mi) away from Dunyapur. It is located at 29°48'1N 72°10'33E at an altitude of 126 m (416 ft).
It is one of the largest tehsils of Multan District; the districts of Lodhran and Vehari were created from Mailsi in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Vehari, now a district, was sub-tehsil of Mailsi. Mailsi is known for the Jhandhir Library and Siphon at the Sutlej river. The Mailsi Siphon was constructed by the Gamon construction company in 1964 to control the water flow between the Sutlej river and the Sindhnai Link canal.
Mailsi is a municipality in and Tehsil Headquarters of the Vehari district. The city's center is the oldest part of the community, consisting of muhallas, koochas and bazaars situated inside the circular road. Before the independence of Pakistan in 1947, this section of the city was occupied by Hindu merchants and landlords. There were buildings of historic significance in the city, now largely demolished but a few of which still exist, such as a well (chasma baoli) built by Chaudry Balik Ram Jugga, and the shrine of Syed Nathey Shah Gardezi& Dhkou Tahseel, pipal, pakka, faddah, and thana bazaar are situated in the old part of the city while Quaid e Azam, Multan, and Allama Iqbal Roads are examples of recent expansion. The first modern area was developed in the 1960s for meeting the housing needs of the Gamon company's European workers and engineers; this area is now Mailsi Garrison, housing Pakistan's army air defence units. There were two cotton ginning factories in Mailsi prior to independence; the increase in cultivated area resulted high production of cotton which led to establishment of cotton ginning factories and oil mills. In the city of Mailsi there are many towns but famous towns are Madina Town and the other one is Madina Town. The old name of Madina Town was Purani city. Near Madina Town, there are Committee Baag, old Stadium, girls School, and many old buildings.
Mailsi is one of the oldest parts of Multan. The region's name derives from the Malloi group which resided in Multan, but moved to the area near the Satluj river when Alexander attacked Multan. Subsequently, the Mallois moved north of the Satluj. The area was settled during the eighth century when Muhammad Bin Qasim attacked Multan. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192 by Shahabuddin Ghori, members of his clan known as Khichi Chauhan Rajputs migrated to Mailsi, where they acquired land and founded the villages of Mauza Gujar, Kot Mian Ghulam Shabir Mitru named after Numberdar of Mauza Gujar, Shitab Garh, Sargana, Sheer Garh, Haleem Khichi, Aliwah, Tarki, Omar Khichi, Dhoda, and Fadda.
Mailsi Tehsil was created in 1849. In 1881, a series of changes were made with the object of enlarging the Shujabad Tehsil and decreasing the Mailsi charge: sixty villages in the vicinity of Kahror Pakka were transferred from the Mailsi to the Lodhran Tehsil and in 1897, forty-six villages were transferred from Lodhran to Shujabad while 104 villages east of Kahror Pakka were shifted from Mailsi in compensation. Kahror Pakka and Dunya Pur were a part of Mailsi and were annexed to Lodhran in 1924. Mailsi was declared to be a town committee in 1924 and upgraded to a sub division in 1935, but demoted to a Tehsil in 1942. It was then upgraded to a Municipaerl Committee in 1953, and declared a Tehsil municipal administration on August 14, 2001.
Geography and climate
Mailsi is located in the Indus Valley near the city of Multan in central Pakistan. The area around the city is a flat, alluvial plain ideal for agriculture. The canals which cut across the tehsil provide irrigation. The Indus Water Treaty sold the water in the Sutlej river to India; the reduced water flow in the river had had a pronounced effect on the flora and fauna of the area. The Mailsi Siphon was built to control the water flow in the Sidhnai Link Canal and Sutlej river under this same Indus Water Treaty.
Mailsi features an arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme weather in the country. The highest recorded temperature is 54 °C (129 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is −1 °C (30.2 °F). The average rainfall is 127 millimeters (5.0 in). Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city. Mohallh Sheikh Mehboob Ahmad Sabzwary at chah ghazi wal has congisted weather position.
Farming is the primary economic activity in Mailsi, and exports include cotton, wheat, sugarcane, rice, and henna. Since independence, the amount of cultivated land has increased. Irrigation systems have been affected by the shortage of water in Sutlej River.
Mailsi lies in the temperate zone of Pakistan. The climate is arid, characterized by hot summers and cool winters, and wide variations between extremes of temperature at given locations.
Mailsi has are four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.
Mailsi is a Tehsil Headquarters of the city of Mailsi and one of the Tehsil/administrative areas of the Vehari district. The city of Mailsi is also the headquarters of Mailsi Tehsil, and the city of Mailsi is administratively subdivided into 31 Union Councils.
The groom's relatives visit the girl's house and offer the proposal. If their proposal is accepted the mangni takes place. When the marriage date is fixed, the groom, with friends and relatives, goes to the house of the bride where the Nikah is performed and the dower money fixed. The Nikah is performed by the Nikah Registrar and is recorded on a legal proforma signed by both the parties. This is followed by Walima.
Men commonly wear shalwar kamiz and kurta, although in offices and colleges, shirts and trousers are the preferred dress. Karandi and Boski are commonly used as status symbols. Khusa and Peshawari chappal are traditional footwear. Men often wear gold rings or chains.
The birth of a male child is considered an occasion of great rejoicing and sweets are distributed to friends and relatives who come to offer congratulations to the parents. Soon after the birth of a child, the Mullah or an elderly male member of the family recites Azan (call for Muslim prayer) into the ears of the child. Money is also given to the Mueens (village artisans) on the birth of a male child at the time of the circumcision ceremony; this is either performed soon after the birth or less commonly after a few years. Circumcision is performed by a barber in smaller villages and by a surgeon in towns and cities. The Aqiqa ceremony is performed both for a male and a female child. One goat is sacrificed for a girl and two for a boy.
On the death of a person, neighbours, relatives and friends assemble at the house of the deceased to console the bereaved family. The corpse is bathed, and wrapped in a new cotton sheet; the face is turned to the Ka'aba and the body kept in the proper posture. Camphor and rose water are sprinkled over the body which is placed on a Charpai and those present have a last look. The dead body, accompanied by the mourners, is then carried to the graveyard where Namaz-e-Janaza is offered before it is lowered into the grave.
Some superstitions have deep roots in the people. Crows cawing, selling milk on particular days, keeping rice and sugar in the pot of money, calling someone from behind while he is leaving his house are some common superstitions.
Mailsi has two markets. The main bazaar is on the Quaid e Azam road and the Fadda Bazaar is in the old part of the city.
The first Government Primary School was established in 1864. In 1920, a primary school was given the status of middle school. Later, in 1942, it became a high school. The first girls’ high school was established in 1890, which later became a middle high school in 1972.
In 1976, Inter College for boys was established and in 1980, a girls' college was established. In 1986, Commercial Training Institute was established. In 1995, both colleges were converted into degree granting institutions.
In 1980, the Federal Government established F.G public school, as the first English medium school for the citizens of Mailsi. Now there are several private English medium schools. There are two Government Degree Colleges, one for boys and another for girls, five higher secondary schools and 596 government schools, including 32 high schools.
Mailsi, میلسی, is located on the northern alternate rail and overland route to Vehari and Lahore, the capital of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The western route connects with Multan and in south-east side Bahawalpur & south-west is Kahror Pakka.
Bus, rail and air service connects Mailsi to other parts of Pakistan.
Land line based companies and mobile phone companies serve Mailsi. in south there is Khair Pur Tamewali and in South east there is Hasilpur city.
There are three canals, Mailsi Link, Faddah and Dhamakki, which last is the biggest canal of Mailsi.