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refers to the work of artists active in the Early Netherlandish painting Burgundian Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance. Their output follows the International Gothic style and begins approximately with Robert Campin and Jan van Eyck in the early 1420s, and lasts at least until the death of Gerard David in 1523. It represents the culmination of the northern European medieval artistic heritage. Early Netherlandish painting occurred during the height of Burgundian influence in Europe, when the Low Countries were renowned for high end crafts and luxury goods. The major figures include Campin, van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Dieric Bouts, Petrus Christus, Hans Memling, Hugo van der Goes and Hieronymus Bosch. They made significant advances in natural representation and illusionism, and typically incorporate complex iconography. Their subjects were usually religious scenes or small portraits (. The painted works are generally oil on panel, and may be single works or more complex altarpieces. The era is further noted for its sculpture, Portrait of a Lady by van der Weyden pictured) tapestries, illuminated manuscripts, stained glass and carved retables. ( ) Full article...
– Aleeta curvicosta – Faryl Sholay
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: March 11 Independence Day in ( Lithuania 1990)
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1945 – World War II: The Empire of Japan established the , a short-lived Empire of Vietnam puppet state, with Bảo Đại as its ruler.
1978 – After north of hijacking a bus Tel Aviv, members of Palestine Liberation Organization faction Fatah engaged in a shootout with the Israel Police, resulting in the deaths of 38 civilians and most of the perpetrators.
2004 – on A series of simultaneous bombings Cercanías commuter trains killed 191 people and wounded more than 1,800 in Madrid (memorial pictured).
2009 – A teenage gunman engaged in at a secondary school in a shooting spree Winnenden, Germany, killing sixteen, including himself.
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is a Swedish-built medieval fortress around which the town of Vyborg Castle Vyborg evolved. Built in the 13th century, it served to defend the Swedes against Russians for over 400 years, although it is now located in the latter country. The castle currently serves as a museum. Photograph:
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