Maina Kiai is a lawyer and Kenyan human rights activist who currently serves as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. He took up his functions as Special Rapporteur on May 1, 2011, for an initial period of three years; he is currently serving his second three-year term.
Kiai is also active in human rights work in Kenya, where he has focused on combating corruption, supporting political reform, and fighting against impunity following post-election violence that engulfed Kenya in 2008.
Education, Career & Awards
Kiai then moved on to become Director of Amnesty International’s Africa Program (1999-2001) and the Africa Director of the International Human Rights Law Group (now Global Rights, 2001-2003) before finally serving as Chairman of the official Kenya National Human Rights Commission from 2003 to 2008.
From July 2010 to April 2011, Kiai was the Executive Director of the International Council on Human Rights Policy. He has also held research fellowships at the Danish Institute for Human Rights, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and the TransAfrica Forum.
In addition to his work as UN Special Rapporteur, Kiai also currently serves as director of the local Kenyan NGO InformAction, which uses a multimedia approach – primarily video production – to help educate Kenyans about their human rights. He also writes a periodic column for the Daily Nation, Kenya’s largest daily-circulation newspaper.
In 2014, Freedom House awarded Kiai its Freedom Award, an acknowledgment begun in 1943 "to extol recipients’ invaluable contribution to the cause of freedom and democracy." Prior Freedom Award honorees include Chen Guangcheng, Aung San Suu Kyi, Vaclav Havel, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Medgar Evers, and Edward R. Murrow.
Kiai is a lawyer by profession, trained at Nairobi and Harvard Universities.
Work as Special Rapporteur
Maina Kiai took up his functions as the first United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association on May 1, 2011. As Special Rapporteur, he is independent from any Government or organization and serves in his individual capacity.
As of June 2014, he has presented three reports to the Human Rights Council on the subjects of best practices in promoting the rights to freedom of assembly and of association (May 2012), civil society’s ability to access funding and resources (April 2013), and the plight of groups "most at risk" when exercising their assembly and association rights (June 2014). In October 2013, he presented his first report to the UN General Assembly, on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association in the context of elections. He presented his second report to the General Assembly - exploring the effect that multilateral institutions have on promoting and protecting assembly and association rights - in October 2014. Kiai has also made five official country visits, as of 2015: to Georgia (2012), the United Kingdom (2013), Rwanda (Jan. 2014), Oman (Sept. 2014), and Kazakhstan (Jan. 2015).
Retribution for Human Rights Work
Kiai has been subjected to threats and harassment for his human rights work.
In 2008, Kiai was one among several human rights defenders who received death threats, as post-election violence raged in Kenya. A coalition of Kenyan civil society groups reported that they had become aware of a plot involving "a five- or- so man elite squad that has been tasked with the liquidation of, inter alia, Maina Kiai, Chair of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights."
- United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
- International Commission of Jurists, Kenya Section
- World Movement for Democracy
- InformAction website
- Daily Nation, Sept. 3, 2013, "KIAI: Season of madness as ICC trials begin"
- Freedom House
- Freeassembly.net, Report A/HRC/20/27
- Freeassembly.net, Report A/HRC/23/39"
- Freeassembly.net, Report A/HRC/26/29
- Freeassembly.net, Report A/68/299"
- Freeassembly.net, Report A/69/365
- Freeassembly.net, Country Reports
- OHCHR Press Statements
- OHCHR Reports
- Daily Nation, Sept. 20, 2013, "My Life in Danger over ICC Cases: Maina Kiai"
- Full Press Statement by Maina Kiai on Security Threats over ICC, Sept. 21, 2013
- Human Rights House
- Letter from Gladwell Otieno, Executive Director Africa Centre for Open Governance (AfriCOG)
- Kiai’s website for the UN Special Rapporteur mandate
- OHCHR website for Kiai's Special Rapporteur mandate
- Kiai's Twitter feed
- Kiai's Facebook page
- Special Rapporteur
- United Nations Special Rapporteur
- United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Peaceful Assembly and of Association