Maine Green Independent Party

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Maine Green Independent Party
Chairman Asher Platts
Headquarters 644 Congress St, Portland, Maine
Ideology Green politics
National affiliation Green Party of the United States
Colors Green
Website
mainegreens.org
Politics of the United States
Political parties
Elections

The Maine Green Independent Party is the oldest state Green party in the United States.[1] It was founded following an informal meeting of 18 environmental advocates, including Bowdoin College professor John Rensenbrink and others in Augusta, Maine in January 1984.[2]

Ten Key Values[edit]

The party is based on the 10 Key Values of:

  1. Grassroots Democracy
  2. Social Justice and Equal Opportunity
  3. Ecological Wisdom
  4. Non-Violence
  5. Decentralization
  6. Community-Based Economics and Economic Justice
  7. Gender Equality
  8. Respect for Diversity
  9. Personal and Global Responsibility
  10. Future Focus and Sustainability

Party qualification[edit]

The party achieved its current ballot status in 1998. Previously the Maine Green Party achieved ballot status in 1994 with the Jonathan Carter gubernatorial campaign, but lost it in 1997 after Ralph Nader failed to get 5% of the vote for President in 1996, a requirement of state law that has since changed.

In 1998, Pat LaMarche requalified the political party with her campaign for governor, but under the a new name, the Maine Green Independent Party. LaMarche ran again in 2006 capturing almost 10% of the vote in a five-way race. The campaign's website was indexed by the Library of Congress and won a Golden Dot Award, because of the site's use of new ways to interact with voters.

The party (in terms of registered votes) is currently in a period of continuous growth stretching back to 1998 according to state records,.[3][4] As of December 4, 2008 there were 31,676 greens in the state comprising 3.19% of the electorate.[5]

As of November 6, 2012, 37,764 Maine voters were registered in the Maine Green Independent Party, representing 3.83% of the statewide electorate.[6]

Portland Greens[edit]

The party realizes its greatest successes in the state's largest city, Portland. From 2002 to 2006, the highest-ranking elected Green in the United States was John Eder, who served in the Maine House of Representatives for Portland's West End neighborhood.[7][8][9] Four of the state's elected Greens are Portland officeholders, including two School Committee members, and two City Councilors.

The School Committee was once the second "Greenest" governing body in the United States,[10] and from 2004–2006, significant media attention was attributed to conflicts between the Committee's Greens and Democrats.[11] The Greens successfully passed precedent-setting policy limiting military recruiters' access to city high schools, and were recognized by the National School Board Association.[12]

The 2006 Portland elected two under-30 Green councilors (David A. Marshall and Kevin Donoghue) in the high profile West End and East End districts. In 2007, John Anton was elected at-large, which brought the number of Greens on the Portland City Council to 3.[13] During the 2010 rewriting of the Portland Charter, Greens Anna Trevorrow and Ben Chipman won seats on the commission. The two successfully pushed to include instant run-off voting in the new charter. They also supported extending voting rights in municipal elections to legal non-citizens.[14] Trevorrow lead in the 2010 campaign while also running for the East End seat in the Maine House of Representatives. Non-citizen voting was narrowly defeated as was Trevorrow.

In the 2011 mayoral election, two Greens, (Eder and Marshall) ran for the expanded mayoral position. Marshall was endorsed the Maine Greens and ended up finishing in 4th place of 15 candidates.[15]

In 2012, the Portland Greens ran three candidates for State Representative (Seth Berner, District 115, Tom MacMillan, District 118 and Justine Lynn, District 120) and one for State Senate (Asher Platts, District 8). The candidates all received between 14% and 33% of the vote. Kevin Donoghue (District 1) and David Marshall (District 2) easily beat Democrats for re-election to the City Council. Holly Seeliger, a 26 year old former Occupier and education activist, won election to the School Board from District 2.

In March 2013, the Portland Green Independent Committee took out petitions to enact an ordinance which would make marijuana legal for adults 21 and older, though not in public spaces such as roads, schools and parks.[16] Later, the Portland Greens were joined by the ACLU of Maine, the NAACP, the Libertarian Party of Maine, Fire Dog Lake, and the Marijuana Policy Project in endorsing the measure. The petition needed 1,500 valid signatures of Portland voters over 80 calendar days. The Portland Greens and their coalition partners turned in 2,508 valid signatures. On July 15, the City Council placed the ordinance on the November 5, 2013 ballot.[17] On November 5, the Greens' legalization ordinance passed with 67% of the vote.[18]

2010 governor's election[edit]

Lynne Williams, a former chair of the Party, announced that she intended to seek the Green Party nomination for Governor of Maine in the June 2010 primary.[19] Williams served on the planning board in Bar Harbor, Maine and was a 2004 candidate for the Maine House of Representatives. She dropped out of the race after failing to receive enough signatures to qualify for the MGIP primary ballot for governor. Patrick Quinlan also filed the paperwork to run for the nomination [20] but eventually withdrew.

2014 gubernatorial election[edit]

In April 2014, former Maliseet tribal representative to the Maine House of Representatives and University of Maine graduate student David Slagger announced his intention to seek the MGIP nomination for Governor of Maine in 2014. Slagger addressed the 2013 MGIP Convention in Belfast on May 5.[21] However, two months later, Slagger decided to withdraw from the race for Governor.

Election results[edit]

Governor[edit]

Year Nominee Votes
1994 Jonathan Carter 32,695 (6.39%)
1998 Pat LaMarche 28,722 (6.82%)
2002 Jonathan Carter 46,903 (9.28%)
2006 Pat LaMarche 52,690 (9.56%)
2010 Lynne Williams Did not make ballot
2014 None NA

Elected officials[edit]

John Eder, elected state representative with MGIP from 2002-2006.

There are 18 elected Green officeholders in Maine.

  • Kevin Donoghue, City Council, Portland District 1 (Cumberland County) (elected November 2006)
  • David Marshall, City Council, Portland District 2 (Cumberland County) (elected November 2006)
  • Jane Meisenbach, Board of Directors, School Administrative District #75 Harpswell, (Cumberland County) (elected November 2008)
  • Malorie Pastor, Town Council, Old Orchard Beach (elected in June 2013)[22]
  • Holly Seeliger, School Board, Portland District 2 (Cumberland County) (elected November 2012)
  • Anna Trevorrow, School Board, Portland At-Large (Cumberland County) (elected November 2013)

At one time, Cumberland County, Maine had the highest number of Green elected officials of any county in the nation. Formerly elected Maine Greens:

  • John Anton, City Council, At-Large, Portland (Cumberland County) (Unenrolled in 2012)
  • Antonio Blasi, Planning Board, Hancock (Hancock County)
  • John Eder, Maine State House of Representatives, Portland (Cumberland County), 2002–2006; Cumberland County Charter Commission
  • Ben Meiklejohn, School Committee At-Large, Portland (Cumberland County), 2001–2007
  • Stephen Spring, School Committee (District 2), Portland (Cumberland County), 2003–2006
  • Jason Toothaker, School Committee (District 3), Portland (Cumberland County), 2004–2007
  • Susan Hopkins, School Committee At-Large, Portland (Cumberland County), 2005–2008
  • David Margolis-Pineo, Water District Trustee, Portland (Cumberland County)
  • Karen Mayo, Select Board, Bowdoinham (Sagadahoc County)
  • Rebecca Minnick, School Committee, Portland District 1, (Cumberland County)
  • Erek Gaines, Water District, Portland (Cumberland County)
  • Andrea Narajian, Board of Directors, School Administrative District #75 (Bowdoinham, Sagadahoc County)
  • Jo Josephson, School Board, Temple (Franklin County)
  • John Fillmore-Patrick, School Board. SAD 61, Bridgton (Cumberland County)
  • Denis Howard, City Council, Belfast (Waldo County)
  • George Sullivan, Town Council, Yarmouth (Cumberland County) [23]
  • Charlie Wiggins, Select Board, Sedgwick (Hancock County)
  • Jerry Hoag, Select Board, Beaver Cove (Piscataquis County)
  • Robert LaVangie, School Board, Penobscot (Hancock County)
  • Matthew Shea, School Board, Maine School Administrative District #11, Gardiner

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rensenbrink, John. The Greens and the Politics of Transformation, 1992, R & E Miles
  2. ^ "The Ellsworth American - Offline". Ellsworthmaine.com. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  3. ^ "Enrolled & Registered Voters, 1994-2002 (USA, Secretary of State, State of Maine)". Maine.gov. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Voter Registration - Maine - USA". Maine.gov. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  5. ^ http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/2008/20081204-RE-active.pdf
  6. ^ "REGISTERED & ENROLLED VOTERS - STATEWIDE". November 6, 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "General Election, November 5, 2002 - Tabulations - State Representative (Secretary of State, State of Maine, U.S.A.)". Maine.gov. 2002-11-05. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  8. ^ "General Election, November 2, 2004 - Tabulations - State Representative (Secretary of State, State of Maine, U.S.A.)". Maine.gov. 2004-11-02. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  9. ^ "Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions, Elections Division". Maine.gov. 2006-11-07. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ "Green Pages ||". Gp.org. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  12. ^ http://www.nsba.org/site/doc_sbn.asp?TrackID=&SID=1&DID=36815&CID=1735&VID=58
  13. ^ Too Green to Lead? The Bollard, January 10, 2010
  14. ^ Take this to the polls Portland Phoenix, June 3, 2010
  15. ^ King, Ed. "MayorWatch2011". The West End News. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  16. ^ Russell, Eric (March 5, 2013). "Greens seek to legalize pot in Portland". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  17. ^ Koenig, Seth (July 15, 2013). "Portland voters to decide whether to legalize pot; proponents say there is a ‘racial component’". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Koenig, Seth (November 5, 2013). "Portland voters strongly endorse pot legalization". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Maine Green party chairwoman to run for governor - Bangor Daily News". Bangornews.com. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to the Public Campaign Finance Page for the State of Maine". Mainecampaignfinance.com. 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  21. ^ "Master of Arts in Global Policy student, David Slagger, Runs for Governor of Maine". June 13, 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  22. ^ Meiklejohn, Benjamin. "OOB councilors weigh in on new look". Biddeford Courier. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  23. ^ http://216.92.191.78/elections/candidates.php?candidateId=2720&electionId=&year=2007

External links[edit]