Maine v. Taylor

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Maine v. Taylor
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued March 24, 1986
Decided June 23, 1986
Full case name Maine v. Taylor et al.
Citations 477 U.S. 131 (more)
106 S. Ct. 2440; 91 L. Ed. 2d 110; 1986 U.S. LEXIS 111
Prior history In City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey, the court ruled that New Jersey's ban of out-of-state solid waste was facially discriminatory to the state's residents in a national market and was therefore overturned.
Holding
States may prohibit the importation of out-of-state goods moving within the flow of commerce only if the prohibition serves a legitimate local concern and there are no other means of protecting that interest.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Blackmun, joined by Burger, Brennan, White, Marshall, Powell, Rehnquist, O'Connor
Dissent Stevens
Laws applied
Dormant Commerce Clause

Maine v. Taylor, 477 U.S. 131 (1986),[1] was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that there was an exception to the "virtually per se invalidity" rule of the dormant commerce clause. The Supreme Court of the United States found that a Maine law prohibiting the importation of out-of-state bait fish was constitutional because Maine authorities couldn't be certain that imported fish would be free of "parasites and non-native species" that might pose environmental harm to local ecology. Discriminatory laws may be upheld only if they serve "legitimate local purposes that could not adequately be served by available nondiscriminatory alternatives," wrote Justice Blackmun, author of the majority opinion.

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