Mainit, Surigao del Norte

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Bayan ng Mainit
Sunset over Lake Mainit
Sunset over Lake Mainit
Official seal of Mainit
Map of Surigao del Norte showing the location of Mainit
Map of Surigao del Norte showing the location of Mainit
Mainit is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°32′N 125°31′E / 9.533°N 125.517°E / 9.533; 125.517Coordinates: 09°32′N 125°31′E / 9.533°N 125.517°E / 9.533; 125.517
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Surigao del Norte
Congr. district 2nd district of Surigao del Norte
Established December 27, 1930
Barangays 21
 • Mayor Ramon Beltran Mondano (2007-present)
 • Vice Mayor Crisanta Olvis Mondano (2013-present)
 • Congress Guillermo A. Romarate Jr. (2007-Present)
 • Total 107.76 km2 (41.61 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 25,596
 • Density 240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8407
Dialing code 86
Patron Saint San Nicolas
Income class 4th Class

Mainit is a fourth class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. It is situated on the north shore of Lake Mainit in the northeastern part of Mindanao. The word "mainit" literally means "hot". According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 25,596 people.[3]


Mainit is politically subdivided into 21 barangays.[2] In 1956, the sitios of Magpayang and Siana were elevated as barrios.[4]

  • Binga
  • Bobona-on
  • Cantugas
  • Dayano
  • Mabini
  • Magpayang
  • Magsaysay (Pob.)
  • Mansayao
  • Marayag
  • Matin-ao
  • Paco
  • Quezon (Pob.)
  • Roxas
  • San Francisco
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • Siana
  • Silop
  • Tagbuyawan
  • Tapi-an
  • Tolingon


The first inhabitants of Mainit settled near Lake Mainit in what is now barangay San Isidro. It was believed that the constant harassment of pirates forced the original settlers to move to the present town site.

Mainit was made into a barrio in 1904 under the Municipality of Placer. In 1906, it became a Municipality of Agusan Province but after six months, Mainit was returned to the Province of Surigao del Norte and its status was reverted to being a barangay of Placer. Mainit was finally made into a municipality in Jan. 1, 1931 by virtue of Executive Order 290 dated December 27, 1930,[5] signed by Governor-General Dwight F. Davis.

Two of Mainit’s barangay was made into a Municipality: Tubod in 1958 and Alegria in 1968.

Mainit got its name from the hot sulfuric spring which flows to the river the “Mapaso Hot Spring”. Mapaso literally is “hot”. [6]


Population census of Mainit
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 21,505 —    
1995 21,780 +0.24%
2000 23,417 +1.57%
2007 23,952 +0.31%
2010 25,596 +2.45%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7]

The Surigaonon language is the common local language, while Cebuano, Filipino, and English are also spoken.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "An Act Converting into Barrios Certain Sitios in the Province of Surigao, and Dividing the Barrio of Macalaya into Two Barrios, Municipality of Placer, in the Same Province". Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  5. ^ Executive Order 290 dated December 27, 1930
  6. ^ Municipality of Mainit (2009-12-21). "History, Vision and Mission". Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  7. ^ "Province of Surigao Del Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 

External links[edit]