|City and Commune|
Top left:Maipu Metro, Top middle:Monument of Vencedores de Bailen, Top right:April 5 Avenue (Avenida 5 de Abril), Middle left:Maipu Armas Square (Plaza de Armas de Maipu), Middle right:Maipu Municipal Theater (Teatro Municipal de Maipu), Bottom left:Votivo Temple (Templo Votivo), Bottom middle:Maipu Arauco shopping area, Bottom right:Santiago Bueras Stadium (Estadio de Santiago Bueras)
|Coordinates (city): Coordinates:|
|• Alcalde||Christian Vittori (PDC)|
|• Total||133 km2 (51 sq mi)|
|Population (2002 Census)|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 +|
Maipú is a commune of Chile located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region, integrated into the Greater Santiago conurbation. It was founded on February 16, 1821 and it is the place of the Battle of Maipú (April 5, 1818), where Chile's independence was consolidated. Inhabitants are mostly part of a young middle class.
According to the 2002 census, Maipú was the second largest commune in Chile, behind Puente Alto. However, the National Statistics Institute estimates that as of 2006, Maipú has surpassed the latter in population.
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Maipú spans an area of 133 km2 (51 sq mi) and has 468,390 inhabitants (227,285 men and 241,105 women). Of these, 464,882 (99.3%) lived in urban areas and 3,508 (0.7%) in rural areas. The population grew by 82.6% (211,840 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.
- Population below poverty line: 9.1% (2006)[dead link]
- Regional quality of life index: 76.67, mid-high, 21 out of 52 (2005)
- Human Development Index: 0.782, 20 out of 341 (2003)
As a commune, Maipú is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2012-2014 alcalde is Christian Manuel Vittori Muñoz (PDC).
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Maipú is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Pepe Auth (PPD) and Mónica Zalaquett (UDI) as part of the 20th electoral district, which consists entirely of the Santiago commune. The commune is represented in the Senate by Guido Girardi Lavín (PPD) and Jovino Novoa Vásquez (UDI) as part of the 7th senatorial constituency (Santiago-West).
- (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- (Spanish) "Municipality of Maipú". Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- (Spanish) "Chilean National Congress".
- (Spanish) "Poverty in the Santiago Metropolitan Region" (PDF). Ministry of Planning of Chile.
- (Spanish) "The Trajectories of Human Development in the Communes of Chile (1994-2003)" (PDF). Government of Chile, Mideplán. UNDP. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- (Spanish) Municipality of Maipú
- (Spanish) Maipú a su servicio journal
- (Spanish) MaipuCiudadano.cl, Diario Virtual de Maipú journal