Maisnières

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maisnières
Maisnières église au pied de la motte 1.jpg
Maisnières is located in France
Maisnières
Maisnières
Coordinates: 50°00′58″N 1°37′02″E / 50.0161°N 1.6172°E / 50.0161; 1.6172Coordinates: 50°00′58″N 1°37′02″E / 50.0161°N 1.6172°E / 50.0161; 1.6172
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Abbeville
Canton Gamaches
Intercommunality Blangy-sur-Bresle
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Bernard Thiebault
Area1 12.73 km2 (4.92 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 516
 • Density 41/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80500 / 80220
Elevation 39–116 m (128–381 ft)
(avg. 71 m or 233 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maisnières (or Maisnières-en-Vimeu ) is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

The commune is situated on the D22 and D190 crossroads, some 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Abbeville. The commune is traversed by the Vimeuse river, a small tributary of the Bresle River. Access to the A28 autoroute is about 5 miles (8.0 km) distant.

Hamlets and other places[edit]

The commune comprises seven inhabited areas. Courtieux, Ferme Touvent, Visse, Monchelet, Handrechy, Harcelaines and Maisnières.

  • The name Maisnières (Mesnières, Maineria, Mainera, Manerioe, Magnera) comes perhaps, from [1] Maisnie or Maisnil (eng: manor or noble home), or from Mansio, named from resting places on the Roman Road, the Chaussée Brunehault.
  • Courtieux (Courthieux, Courtils, Courtillets) perhaps from ‘’courtil’’, a garden, though others suggest Cort, a habitation around a square, and til, torching or cob).
  • Visse (Vy, Vis, Vitz). From the Latin "vicus" or "via", because of the Roman road nearby. Roman coins and pottery have been found in the village since the 19th century.
  • Monchelet and Haudrechy (once known as Andrechies) are made up of some houses and a watermill. The name Monchelet may come from Moncella or Montis-Cella.
  • Harcelaines (previously Herselaine and Hercheleine) was never in the old parish of Maisnières but was amalgamated into the commune in 1972.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Maisnières
Year 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 565 539 560 558 566 569 536 528 562 545 505 516
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

History[edit]

In 879, the Normans were pillaging the Vimeu region, but were defeated in 881 by Louis III of France at the Battle of Saucourt, at the very gates of Maisnières. All the towns of the Vimeu were then fortified to try and keep out the Normans. In 1459, the château and ownership of Maisnières was sold[2] to the abbey of Corbie for about 220 écus d'or. The abbots of Corbie, as masters of Maisnières, collected tithes and were also responsible for justice.
Maisnières cultivated hops in the 17th century.
A century later, the hamlets of Courtieux, Harcelaines and Monchelet were joined into the one parish.
The railway arrived in 1872, as part of the line serving Frévent to Gamaches.
A single-storey schoolhouse was built in 1878. A second floor was added in 1954 so that two classes could be taught separately. The school was used as a billet for Australian troops during World War I, as was the château.

During the Second World War, the Germans occupied homes, the old presbytery and the château, which served as the Kommandantur. On 3 July 1944, a V1 rocket fell on the homes between the church and the presbytery. It killed 3 children from one family and wounded a dozen others. It had been launched from a site less than 3 miles (4.8 km) way, at Longuemort and had failed to take off properly. Maisnières was liberated on 2 September 1944 by a Canadian armoured division on their way to Abbeville, where they joined up with the 1st Polish armoured division, to drive out the Germans.

Places of interest[edit]

Dovecote at the Visse watermill

Visse watermill[edit]

Fed by the waters of the river Vimeuse, this is the last survivor of 14 mills that once worked along the river. It was owned by the abbey of Corbie but confiscated during the French Revolution and sold. In 1837, the miller sought and got permission to build a new mill upstream, the present mill. The wheel was restored in 1992 and can be seen from a small bridge.

On an engineer’s map from 1854, there appears to be three active watermills on the Vimeuse. A windmill, owned by the abbey of Corbie, once stood on the small hill in Visse.

The medieval château of the De Maisnières family[edit]

Only a small part of the motte wall still stands, 35 m long by 25 m high, on the flat top of the hill near the church, dominating the neighbourhood to the south and the west. It was destroyed between the years 1380-1400. The family that owned the castle died out in the following years, having been lords (seigneurs there for 200 years. The first lord, Guy de Maisnières, the first of that name built the castle when Guillaume, Count of Ponthieu, in November 1218, established irrefutably that Guy was the next-born brother to his own father, Jean, Count of Ponthieu.[3]

Château of Harcelaines[edit]

Château of Harcelaines

A small 16th / 17th château in brick and stone adjoined by a 16th-century chapel with a classical garden covering three hectares (7.4 acres). There are water features and an English garden and also a flower collection including ferns, narcissus and poppies.

Maisnières church[edit]

The church after the V1 fell
The church from the motte

Saint Crispin’s church at Maisnières was built at the foot of the motte of the old castle. The bell-tower, with its slate-covered spire, was built over an earlier tower.

Harcelaines church[edit]

Harcelaines church.

The church at Harcelaines is dedicated to Saint Saturnin has a bell-wall.

Employment[edit]

Agriculture is the main occupation within the commune, though in earlier times, sawmills (brought in by the Spanish) and sewing gave work to many of the inhabitants.

The coming of the railway stimulated the economic activities of the villages. A station opened in Maisnières on the 9th May 1872. During the sugarbeet harvesting season, 16 trains a day were loaded. All the local lines were closed between 1972 and 1975.

Monchelet, hamlet of Maisnières, had a very busy dairy and cheese-making business from 1900 to 1977.[4] Production was principally dedicated to the famous Camembert L'Oiseau bleu, known throughout Picardie and even exported from France.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M.F.I. Darsy - Description archéologique et historique du canton de Gamaches - 1858
  2. ^ Philippe Seydoux - « Gentilhommières en Picardie - Ponthieu et Vimeu » - Maisnières, p. 116 ( éd. de La Morande, 2002 - ISBN|2-902 091-33-8 mentionne 220 écus d'or.
  3. ^ Dom Grenier, à la Bibliothèque nationale, vol. 57 bis, folio 48.Reférence: Nobiliaire du Ponthieu. Tome2
  4. ^ Jean-Marie Ternisien - Historique de la Laiterie de Monchelet-Maisnières - 2006

External links[edit]