Maiti Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maiti Nepal
Maiti Nepal Logo.jpg
Formation November 1993 (November 1993)
Type non-profit organization
Headquarters Kathmandu
Location
Founder/Director Anuradha Koirala
Website http://www.maitinepal.org

Maiti Nepal (माइती नेपाल) is a non-profit organization in Nepal dedicated to helping victims of sex trafficking. Currently, it operates a rehabilitation home in Kathmandu, as well as transit homes at the Indo-Nepal border towns, preventive homes in the countryside and an academy in Kathmandu .

The word ‘Maiti’ has no literal interpretation in English but in the Nepali language the word ‘maiti’ means the home of the girl’s birth parents. The word itself holds sentimental value for the women population of Nepal “especially for a married Nepali woman who has no longer any right towards her parents or their property”.[1] Once a girl is married to another man, she becomes a perpetual member of her husband’s family. She has all obligations to her husband and her new family. As this organization is a home to all the girls, women and children who are not accepted into their family and society, therefore this NGO has been named as ‘Maiti’ Nepal to symbolize the love and affection that a girl receives in her birth parents place.

History[edit]

Maiti Nepal was established in 1993 by a group of socially committed professionals in order “to protect Nepali girls and women from crimes like domestic violence, trafficking for flesh trade, child prostitution, child labor and various other forms of exploitation and torture”.[2] Since 1993, this organization has been working towards “preventing trafficking for forced prostitution, rescuing flesh trade victims and rehabilitating them”.[1] After rescuing women and children, this organization also works vigorously towards finding “justice for the victimized girls and women by engaging in criminal investigation and waging legal battles against the criminals”.[1] Due to continuous efforts, this organization has been able to raise awareness regarding this crucial issue of girl trafficking at international levels.

Objective[edit]

The main objective of Maiti Nepal is to provide comprehensive prevention from girls trafficking, rescuing and rehabilitating the survivors, advocating for justice in the cases of the rescued women and girls and ensuring that effective immediate action is taken against their traffickers.[3]

Founder/Director of Maiti Nepal[edit]

Anuradha Koirala was born in 1949, to parents Colonel Pratap Singh Gurung and Laxmi Gurung. She completed her schooling at a convent school in Kalimpong, India. Her inspiration to establish an organization for the betterment of women population came from her bitter relationship with her husband, Dinesh Prasad Koirala. After several years of violence, abuse and three miscarriages, she separated from her husband.[4] Anuradha Koirala established Maiti Nepal in 1993 with the aim of providing services for both children and women who have endured untold pain and suffering, often in silence.[5] She not only established Maiti Nepal, she also set up transit homes, academic and medical centre to provide support to the women and children who had no other place to go.

Maiti Nepal’s Centers[edit]

Maiti Nepal has three prevention homes, eleven transit homes, a hospices and Teresa Academy.[6] The data for the centres of Maiti Nepal has been taken from the website of South Asia Foundation.[7]

Transit Homes[edit]

The transit homes of Maiti Nepal are located in ten different places in Nepal. These are in...

  1. Pashupatinagar,Illam
  2. Kakarvita,Jhapa
  3. Biratnagar,Morang
  4. Birgunj,Parsa
  5. Bhairawa,Rupandehi
  6. Nepalgunj,Bake
  7. Dhangadhi,Kailali
  8. Kathmandu, Thankot
  9. Maheshpur - Nawalparasi
  10. Mahendranagar

Rehabilitation Centers[edit]

The two rehabilitation centres of Maiti Nepal are located in Kathmandu and Ithari.

  1. Women Rehabilitation Centre, Kathmandu
  2. Women Rehabilitation Centre, Ithari

Prevention Homes[edit]

  1. Chisapaani - Nuwakot
  2. Bardaghat - Nawalparasi
  3. Hetauda – Makwanpur

Hospice[edit]

  1. Satighatta - Jhapa District Eastern Nepal

Facilities[edit]

The transit homes, rehabilitation and medical centres of Maiti Nepal are well facilitated to provide support and assistance to the rescued women, children and girls.

The data for the facilities provided by Maiti Nepal has been extracted from the website of the Mother’s Home Nepal website.[8]

Rehabilitation Centers[edit]

These centres provide shelter, safety, education and vocational training and medical care to the rescued won population and children.

Prevention Programs[edit]

This program provides information to vulnerable girls with information and education about human trafficking. This program also provides temporary shelter and residential training to these girls.

Hospices[edit]

The hospices provide treatment to those suffering from psychological disorders, and anti-retroviral treatment to HIV/AIDS patients.

Halfway Houses[edit]

These types of houses provide shelter and protection to under age girls who are working in places like dance restaurants and massage parlors.

Medical Clinic[edit]

The medical clinic was built to provide treatment to the diseased women and children. There is a full-time doctor with a team of girls to look after the suffering women and children.

Programmes/Activities[edit]

Maiti Nepal organizes several activities including awareness campaigns regarding sex trafficking, rescue operations for the trafficked women and girls, apprehending traffickers, providing legal support to the needy, women empowerment programmes, and providing anti-retroviral therapy (ART) to HIV infected children and women.[9]

The organization provides halfway homes for the survivors of trafficking. It provides educational support to the children and women who have a desire for learning. It also provides psychological counseling, support, and life skills to girls/women who are at risk of being trafficked.[6] The main activity includes rescuing other girls by setting up a team of survivors of trafficking. This team of girls talk to the girls who they suspect are being traded by the traffickers.

List of Awards[edit]

As the founder and director of Maiti Nepal, Anuradha Koirala won the CNN Hero of the Year award in 2010.[10] She had previously received the Courage of Conscience Award from The Peace Abbey in Sherborn, Massachusetts on August 25, 2006.[11]

The United States government has given a two-year grant of $500,000 to Maiti Nepal in April 2010.[12]

Until now, Anuradha Koirala has received 30 national and international awards for her courageous acts and lifetime achievement furthering the cause of children’s and women’s rights.[5]

Criticism[edit]

Though Maiti Nepal has successfully rescued thousands of girls from trafficking, the “critics of Maiti Nepal were of the view that Maiti Nepal did not always respect the will of the women concerned and used drastic measures to deal with the problem”.[13]

One of the major drawbacks of Maiti Nepal’s work has been in rehabilitating the former prostitutes.[1] The other criticism raised against this organization’s work is with its affiliation with an Indian Organization named STOP. STOP has been accused of raiding brothels at midnight and then taking away the girls forcefully and later subjecting them to various kinds of threats.[14] Since Maiti Nepal is affiliated with STOP so when this organization is accused of any issue then it ultimately becomes a concern for Maiti Nepal as STOP hands over all its rescued girls to Maiti Nepal.

In May 2013 the Nepalese Supreme Court ordered Maiti Nepal to release a woman the court determined was being held against her will for the purpose of counselling her for being a lesbian.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d [from http://ewb.hct.ac.ae/ewb2011/mentors/anuradha-koirala/ "Maiti Nepal"]. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  2. ^ nisation/38663 "Maiti Nepal". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Anuradha Koirala". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Mayar, Freshta. "The Road to Recovery-The story of Anuradha Koirala our everyday life". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b anuradha-koirala/ "Mentors: Anuradha Koirala". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Partner Profile: Maiti Nepal". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  7. ^ /maitinepal.asp "Empowering Adolescent Girls: Maiti Nepal". Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "About Maiti Nepal: Facilities". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Preliminary Mapping of Gender Based Violence". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Anuradha Koirala named CNN Hero of the Year 2010". The Money Times. November 21, 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  11. ^ http://www.peaceabbey.org/awards/cocrecipientlist.html The Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Recipients List
  12. ^ "U.S. asks Nepal to meet the May deadline for new constitution". The Hindu. April 27, 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Coomaraswamy, Radhika (15 November 2000). "Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective". Economic and Social Council. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  14. ^ Thinley, Tashi. "Anti-women-trafficking tactic ignites controversy". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  15. ^ "Nepal court accuses top anti-trafficking group of detention". Sunday Times, Sri Lanka. May 28, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Similar organisations in Nepal[edit]

ABC Nepal

Shakti Samuha

Prayas Nepal

New Hope Hospice