Maizhokunggar County

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Maizhokunggar County
County
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan མལ་གྲོ་གུང་དཀར་རྫོང་
 • Wylie transliteration mal-gro-gung-dkar rdzong
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Simplified 墨竹工卡县
 • Pinyin Mòzhúgōngkǎ Xiàn
Location of Maizhokunggar County within Tibet
Location of Maizhokunggar County within Tibet
Maizhokunggar County is located in Tibet
Maizhokunggar County
Maizhokunggar County
Location in Tibet
Coordinates: 30°09′36″N 92°09′29″E / 30.16000°N 92.15806°E / 30.16000; 92.15806
Country China
Province Tibet Autonomous Region
Prefecture Lhasa
Capital Kunggar
Time zone China Standard (UTC+08:00)

Maizhokunggar or Meldro Gungkar (Tibetan: མལ་གྲོ་གུང་དཀར་རྫོང་Wylie: mal gro gung dkar rdzong Chinese: 墨竹工卡县; pinyin: Mòzhúgōngkǎ xiàn) is a county east of the main centre of Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region.[1] The country is especially noted for its pottery, particularly Kunggar. The pottery is non-corrodible, heat-retaining and in an ethnic style. It has an over 1000-year-old history.[2]

Geography[edit]

Meldro Gungkar means "The Place where Nagaraja Meldro lived" in Tibetan.The county is located in the valley of the middle reaches of the Yarlung Tsangpo River. The average altitude of the county is above 4000 metres and the main natural resources are gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc and marble etc.[3]

Town and townships[edit]

There are 34 temples in the county and many hot springs. Main towns and villages include Kunggar and Zaxoi.

Transport[edit]

The Sichuan-Tibet Road (China National Highway 318) runs through the county. There are over 70 roads in the county. The total length of the roads are 650 kilometres.

Economy[edit]

There are mineral deposits and mining in the Gyama Valley.

Gyama Mine[edit]

The Gyama mine, located at 29°43′58.9″N 91°41′29.5″E / 29.733028°N 91.691528°E / 29.733028; 91.691528 at an elevation of 4,034 meters, is operated by a subsidiary, Tibet Huatailong Mining Development, of a subsidiary, Vancouver based China Gold International Resources Corporation, of China National Gold Group Corporation. It produces gold, molybdenum, and copper. Mining by the state-owned firm replaced small private mines in the area in 2006. About $500 million was invested in construction of the mining facility between 2008 and 2010. The mine, which is upstream of Lhasa, presents water pollution issues and has a history of rocky relations with local residents, many of whom have been displaced and relocated. In March 2013 the 2013 Gyama Mine Landslide which killed 83, mostly Han miners, was reported resulting in international attention by the media.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baike.baidu.com (Chinese)
  2. ^ China Tibet News
  3. ^ En.Tibetour
  4. ^ David Barboza (March 29, 2013). "China: Landslide Buries Workers at Mine in Tibet". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ Edward Wong (April 2, 2013). "Fatal Landslide Draws Attention to the Toll of Mining on Tibet". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 

External links and further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 30°09′36″N 92°09′29″E / 30.16000°N 92.15806°E / 30.16000; 92.15806