|• Hebrew||מג'ד אל-כרום|
|• Also spelled||Majd al-Kurum (official)|
|• Arabic||مجد الكروم|
Houses in Majd al-Krum, 2007
|• Type||(from 1964)|
|• Total||5,400 dunams (5.4 km2 or 2.1 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||"Vineyard of Glory"|
Majd al-Krum (Arabic: مجد الكروم, Hebrew: מַגְ'ד אל-כֻּרוּם Majd al-Kurum) is an Arab town located in the Upper Galilee in Israel's North District about 16 kilometers (10 miles) east of Acre. The name of the village translates to "Vineyard of Glory," reflecting the town's fame for the quality of its grape vines. The town is entirely inhabited by Muslims. In 2009 it had a population of roughly 13,500.
Majd al-Krum's name probably comes from the "watch-house of the vineyard" in Arabic. Majd al-Kurum receives it name for its history of growing grapes. Ancient ruins (located on the outskirts of the town), consisting of pits built into the rocks where the residents used their feet to press their grape crop to make wine. According to the Jewish Enyclopedia the town is identified with "Beit HaKerem", a Jewish Talmudic town. It's Hebrew name means the same as its Arabic name.
In 1596 Majd al-Krum appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Akka of the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 90 Muslim households including five bachelors and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives or fruit trees, cotton, and goats or beehives. In the late 19th century, it was described as a village built of stone and surrounded by olive trees and arable land. It was inhabited by 600–800 Muslims.
At the time of the 1931 census, Majd al-Krum had 226 occupied houses and a population of 1,006 Muslims. By 1945, Majd al-Kurum had 1,400 inhabitants, all classified as Arabs. They owned a total of 17,828 dunams of land, while 2214 dunams were public property.
Majd al-Krum was captured by Israeli forces in October 1948. In the 1960s Israel confiscated a large percentage of land from Majd al-Krum to form the city of Karmiel. The town was made a local council in 1964. On the outskirts of town one can see ancient ruins consisting of pits built into the rocks where the ancient residents used their feet to press their grape crop to make wine.
In 2003 Majd al-Krum along with the nearby local councils of Deir al-Asad and Bi'ina merged to form the city of Shaghur. During the 2006 Lebanon War, over 40 Katyusha rockets landed in the vicinity of Shaghur, with the nearby city of Karmiel being the apparent target. Two men from Majd al-Krum, Baha' Karim and Muhammad Subhi Mana', were killed when a rocket struck near them. Shaghur was later dissolved in 2009.
- Gutterman, Dov. Local Council of Majd el-Kurum (Israel). Flags of the World.
- Asser, Martin. Inside a Palestinian refugee camp. BBC News. 2008-05-17.
- Table 1 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,500 Residents. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS). 2009.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 52
- "Beit-Kerem Valley" in "'Da'at', the Jewish Encyclopedia" site (Hebrew)
- Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 191.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP, p. 150
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. pp. 100–101.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p.40
- Civilians under assault, Case Studies: Karmiel, Majd al-Kurum and Deir al-Assad Human Rights Watch. August 2007.
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- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations, Vol. III : Catalogue. BAR International Series 726. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003), Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-52187-4 pp. 167- 169
- Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 3; Galilee, pt. 1. (Majd al-Kurum: pp 437, 444)
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.