Majdelyoun

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Majdelyoun
مجدليون
Town
Majdelyoun is located in Lebanon
Majdelyoun
Majdelyoun
Coordinates: 33°33′39″N 35°24′38″E / 33.56083°N 35.41056°E / 33.56083; 35.41056Coordinates: 33°33′39″N 35°24′38″E / 33.56083°N 35.41056°E / 33.56083; 35.41056
Governorate South Governorate
District Sidon District
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
Area
 • Total 1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Highest elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 7

Majdelyoun (Arabic: مجدليون‎) is a town in Southern Lebanon located 45 km (28 mi) from Beirut and 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Sidon at an elevation of 210 m (690 ft) above sea level. Majdelyoun occupies 150 ha (1.5 km2; 0.58 sq mi).[1][2] The village is bordered to the east by Salhieh and Kfarjarra, to the west by Haret Saida, top the north by Salhieh and Abra, and to the south by Ayn El Delb and Kfarjarra.

Etymology[edit]

Majdelyoun's municipality

The origin of the name Majdelyoun may refer to a Syriac word meaning: "guard tower," "the castle," or "small tower." While the exact date of the town's founding is not known, it is believed to have been inhabited since ancient times. Alternatively, the name may originate in a tale told by an old man called Tanios Fakhoury. He said that the name of the town is related to a person named Leon, who had great glory (majd مجد in Arabic) days with the French and earlier, and most likely lived in the town that led to Majdelyoun’s name (Majd al-Krum and Lyon). It is also said that Maryum Majdelyoun was an important Christian woman who hailed from the same town. According to a local legend, she perfumed the hair of Jesus Christ before his supposed crucifixion.[2]

Organization[edit]

Majdelyoun is famous for its palaces—among them Rafik Hariri’s palace—and villas that are integrated with lush vegetation to make a distinctive town, half of which is green. It is divided by three parallel streets. The town has been divided into two regions: the lower region is for residential buildings and the higher region is for luxury villas.

Demographics[edit]

Southern entrance of Majdelyoun (From El Hara)

Majdelyoun has a mixed population of Muslims and Christians. The town has 1,500 residents on its electoral roll and about 3,500 people are registered there in accordance with the electoral restrictions. Registered residents are 4% Muslim (Sunni and Shiaa), and 96% Christian of all denominations.

The town has more than 10,000 actual residents.[2]

Economy and education[edit]

Eastern entrance of Majdelyoun (From Jezzine)

Majdelyoun was famous in ancient times for olive cultivation, but the circumstances have changed in the recent past. Today the town confines its business to some shops which began to grow steadily, especially on the highway, and contribute to the growth of the local economy. The town is lacking public and private establishments and has no schools or hospitals. It has one Catholic church and two mosques.[3][4]

Climate[edit]

August is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 31.1 °C (88.0 °F) at noon. January is coldest with an average temperature of 9.3 °C (48.7 °F) at night. Majdelyoun has marked temperate changes between winters and summers. The temperatures do not vary significantly between day and night. Frosts can occur in winter; January is commonly the coldest month of the year. September is on average the month with most sunshine. Rainfall and other precipitation peaks around December. June is normally the driest month.[3]

Climate data for Majdelyoun, Lebanon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17
(62.6)
18
(64.4)
20
(68)
23
(73.4)
26
(78.8)
28
(82.4)
30
(86)
31
(87.8)
30
(86)
28
(82.4)
23
(73.4)
19
(66.2)
24.4
(75.95)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(51.8)
11
(51.8)
13
(55.4)
15
(59)
18
(64.4)
22
(71.6)
24
(75.2)
25
(77)
24
(75.2)
21
(69.8)
16
(60.8)
13
(55.4)
17.8
(63.95)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 132.6
(5.22)
114
(4.5)
61.5
(2.42)
24.9
(.98)
12.7
(.50)
1
(.04)
0
(0)
3
(.12)
5
(.2)
47
(1.85)
94.2
(3.71)
128
(5.04)
624.3
(24.58)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.25 mm

[5])

14 11 10 6 3 0 0 0 2 6 9 13 74
[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

Geographic location[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LocaLiban". Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  2. ^ a b c "SaidaGate". Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  3. ^ a b "SaidaGate". Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  4. ^ "ebaladiyat". Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  5. ^ "World Weather Online". Retrieved 2012-02-10.