Map of neolithic China, showing the location of Majiayao culture (top left)
The Majiayao culture (simplified Chinese: 马家窑文化; traditional Chinese: 馬家窰文化; pinyin: Mǎjiāyáo Wénhuà) is a name given by archaeologists to a group of Neolithic communities who lived primarily in the upper Yellow River region in eastern Gansu, eastern Qinghai and northern Sichuan, China. The culture existed from 3100 BC to 2700 BC. Some of the earliest discoveries of copper and bronze objects in China occur at Majiayao sites.
Painted pottery jar from the Majiayao culture, c 3100-2700 B.C. On display at the Shanghai Museum
Painted pottery jar from the Majiayao culture
The transition from Yangshao to Majiayao coincides, climatically, with the Piora Oscillation.