Majolus of Cluny
|Saint Majolus of Cluny|
Avignon (sometimes stated as Valensole)
|Died||May 11, 994
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church|
Saint Majolus of Cluny (Maieul, Mayeul, Mayeule) (ca. 906 – May 11, 994) was an abbot of Cluny. As a youth Majolus fled his family's estates near Rietz to stay with relatives at Mâcon due to the Muslim invasions. Majolus studied at Lyon and later became archdeacon of Mâcon.
At several times, he refused the papacy.
Majolus, along with his successor Odilo of Mercouer, were supporters of the Ottonian emperors of Germany. He reformed many German monasteries at the request of Otto the Great and settled a disagreement between Adelaide and her son, Otto II.
The Arabs of Fraxinet in Provence captured Majolus in 972 as he crossed the Saint Bernard Pass. Majolus was ransomed by the monks of Cluny for a thousand pounds of silver. This outrage upon the greatest monk in the Christian West was followed by the extermination of Fraxinet by the lords of Provence in 975.
During his abbacy the replacement abbey church of Cluny (Cluny II) was consecrated in 981.
Shortly before his death, he made Saint Odilo his coadjutor. Majolus died while on his way to Saint-Denis.
- R. Oursel, Romanesque (Taschen, 1967) p. 52
- The Italian Cities and the Arabs before 1095, Hilmar C. Krueger, A History of the Crusades: The First Hundred Years, Vol.I, ed. Kenneth Meyer Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1955), 51.
- Saint Patrick's Church: Saints of May 11
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