Major League Baseball drug policy

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Major League Baseball's drug policy—the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program—was established by agreement between the MLB Players Association and the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball. The goal was to deter and end the use of banned substances, including anabolic steroids and other illegal drugs, and to "provide for, in keeping with the overall purposes of the Program, an orderly, systematic, and cooperative resolution of any disputes that may arise concerning the existence, interpretation, or application" of the policy itself. The Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program was adopted in the Spring of 2006.

While the Health Policy Advisory Committee (HPAC) can make recommendations to the Office of the Commissioner regarding punishment, it has no power to discipline players for violations of the drug policy, except to place them in the appropriate treatment programs. Such authority belongs to the Office of the Commissioner.

Prohibited substances[edit]

Under the policy, all players are prohibited from using, possessing, selling, facilitating the sale of, distributing, or facilitating the distribution of any Drug of Abuse and/or Steroid. Any and all drugs or substances listed under Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act are considered drugs of abuse covered by the Program. Players who require prescription medication can still use it with a "Therapeutic Use Exemption" granted by the MLB.

List of banned substances (not exhaustive)[edit]

Drugs of abuse[edit]

  1. Natural cannabinoids (e.g., THC, hashish and marijuana)
  2. Synthetic THC and cannabimimetics (e.g., K2 and Spice)
  3. Cocaine
  4. LSD
  5. Opiates (e.g., oxycodone, heroin, codeine, and morphine)
  6. MDMA (Ecstasy)
  7. GHB
  8. Phencyclidine (PCP)

Steroids[edit]

  1. Androstadienedione
  2. Androstanediol
  3. Androstanedione
  4. Androstatrienedione (ATD)
  5. Androstenediol
  6. Androstenedione
  7. Androstenetrione (6-OXO)
  8. Bolandiol
  9. Bolasterone
  10. Boldenone
  11. Boldione
  12. Calusterone
  13. Clenbuterol
  14. Clostebol
  15. Danazol
  16. Dehydrochloromethyltestosterone
  17. Desoxy-methyltestosterone
  18. Δ1-Dihydrotestosterone
  19. 4-Dihydrotestosterone
  20. Drostanolone
  21. Epi-dihydrotestosterone
  22. Epitestosterone
  23. Ethylestrenol
  24. Fluoxymesterone
  25. Formebolone
  26. Furazabol
  27. 13α-Ethyl-17a-hydroxygon-4-en-3-one
  28. Gestrinone
  29. 4-Hydroxytestosterone
  30. 4-Hydroxy-19-nortestosterone
  31. Mestanolone
  32. Mesterolone
  33. Methandienone
  34. Methandriol
  35. Methasterone (Superdrol)
  36. Methenolone
  37. Methyldienolone
  38. Methylnortestosterone
  39. Methyltestosterone
  40. Methyltrienolone (Metribolone)
  41. Mibolerone
  42. 17α-Methyl-Δ1-dihydrotestosterone
  43. Nandrolone
  44. Norandrostenediol
  45. Norandrostenedione
  46. Norbolethone
  47. Norclostebol
  48. Norethandrolone
  49. Oxabolone
  50. Oxandrolone
  51. Oxymesterone
  52. Oxymetholone
  53. Prostanozol
  54. Quinbolone
  55. Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs)
  56. Stanozolol
  57. Stenbolone
  58. Testosterone
  59. Tetrahydrogestrinone
  60. Tibolone
  61. Trenbolone
  62. Zeranol
  63. Zilpaterol
  64. Any salt, ester or ether of a drug or substance listed above
  65. Human growth hormone (hGH)
  66. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), including all isomers of IGF-1 (mechano growth factors)
  67. Gonadotrophins (including LH and hCG)
  68. Aromatase inhibitors, including anastrozole, letrozole, aminoglutethimide, exemestane, formestane, and testolactone
  69. Selective estrogen receptor modulators, including raloxifen, tamoxifen, and toremifen
  70. Other Anti-estrogens, including clomiphene, cyclofenil, and fulvestrant

Stimulants[edit]

  1. Adrafinil
  2. Amfepramone (diethylproprion)
  3. Amiphenazole
  4. Amphetamine
  5. Amphetaminil
  6. Armodafinil
  7. Benfluorex
  8. Benzphetamine
  9. Benzylpiperazine
  10. Bromantan
  11. Carphedon
  12. Cathine (norpseudoephedrine)
  13. Chloroamphetamine
  14. Clobenzorex
  15. Cropropamide
  16. Crotetamide
  17. Dimethylamphetamine
  18. Ephedrine
  19. Etamivan
  20. Ethylamphetamine
  21. Etilefrine
  22. Famprofazone
  23. Fenbutrazate
  24. Fencamfamine
  25. Fenethylline
  26. Fenfluramine
  27. Fenproporex
  28. Furfenorex
  29. Heptaminol
  30. Isometheptene
  31. Meclofenoxate
  32. Mefenorex
  33. Mesocarb
  34. Mephentermine
  35. Methamphetamine (methylamphetamine)
  36. Methylenedioxyamphetamine
  37. Methylephedrine
  38. Methylhexaneamine (dimethylamylamine, DMAA)
  39. Modafinil
  40. Nikethamide
  41. Norfenefrine
  42. Norfenfluramine
  43. Octopamine
  44. Oxilofrine
  45. Pemoline
  46. Pentetrazol
  47. Phentermine
  48. Phenpromethamine
  49. Prenylamine
  50. Prolintane
  51. Phendimetrazine (phenmetrazine)
  52. Propylhexedrine
  53. Pyrovalerone
  54. Sibutramine
  55. Tuaminoheptane

Prohibited Substances may be added to the list only by the unanimous vote of HPAC, provided that the addition by the federal government of a substance to Schedule I, II, or III will automatically result in that substance being added to the list.

Testing for banned substances[edit]

Steroids[edit]

Testing is administered via scientifically-validated urine test.

Each Player shall be tested upon reporting to spring training. All Players will be selected for an additional unannounced urine specimen collection on a randomly selected date.

Drugs of Abuse[edit]

Testing for drugs of abuse is not administered randomly, but on a basis of reasonable cause. If one of the HPAC panel members has evidence that a player has used, possessed, or sold banned substances in the last 12 months, they call a conference and discuss the evidence with the other members. If a majority vote to test the suspected player is reached then testing will take place no more than 48 hours later.

Testing procedure[edit]

Players and the collector must instruct the player to return in an hour, during which he can only drink 15 oz. of fluid in a sealed container(s) certified by the collector.

Testing protocols[edit]

Any test conducted under the Program will be considered “positive” under the following circumstances:

  1. If any substance identified in the test results meets the levels set forth below.
  2. A Player refuses or, without good cause, fails to take a test or refuses to cooperate with the testing process.
  3. A Player attempts to substitute, dilute, mask or adulterate a specimen sample or in any other manner alter a test.
Drugs of abuse[edit]
Drug Initial Test Level (ng/mL) Confirmation Test Level (ng/mL)
Cocaine Metabolites 300 150
Opiates/Metabolites 2000 2000
Phencyclicdine (PCP) 25 25
Cannabinoids 50 15
Steroids[edit]

A test is considered positive if any Steroid is present, except the presence of nandrolone, which is considered positive only if the level exceeds 2 ng/ml.

Stimulants[edit]

The presence of a Stimulant shall be considered a positive only if the level exceeds 250 ng/ml, unless specified otherwise below:

Drug Confirmation Test Level (ng/mL)
Amfepramone (Diethylproprion) 500
Amphetaminil 2000
Chlorphentermine 500
Clortermine 500
Ephedrine 10
Methylphenidate 1000
Phenpentermine 1000
Phentermine 500
Notification[edit]

HPAC immediately notifies the Player and the Club of the positive drug test result.

In-Season testing[edit]

On January 10, 2013, MLB and the players union reached an agreement to add random, in-season human growth hormone and to a new test to reveal the use of testosterone. Testing will begin the 2013 season.[1]

Clinical and administrative tracks[edit]

All players who enter the program are placed on the Clinical track, except when a player tests positive for steroids, does not comply with the initial evaluation, cooperate in his treatment, is convicted or pleads guilty or nolo contendere to the sale or use and prohibited substance, or participates in the sale or distribution of any banned substance. In that event, the player is placed in the Administrative Track. HPAC has the discretion to place a player in the Administrative Track in any other event, but not solely on the basis that the player is in an inpatient treatment program. Transfer to the Administrative track is contingent on a majority vote, and in the case of a tie, a fifth member must cast a vote based on reasonable cause and cannot consider past practice. These votes are tallied and set forth in progressing games

Salary retention[edit]

Players are entitled to salary retention for the first 30 days they are required to be in inpatient treatment or outpatient treatment that forces his absence from the Club, and half salary retention for the next thirty days, over the course of his career. However, players are not entitled to salary retention for any such period after 60 days during the course of his career.

Player evaluations[edit]

Players are required to be evaluated at least once by HPAC, to determine the proper treatment program. HPAC may decide that additional meetings and medical and/or toxicology examinations are required.

Confidentiality[edit]

The Office of the Commissioner, the Association, HPAC, Club personnel, and all of their members, affiliates, agents, consultants and employees, are prohibited from publicly disclosing information about the Player’s test results, Initial Evaluation, diagnosis, Treatment Program (including whether a Player is on either the Clinical or Administrative Track), prognosis or compliance with the Program.

Discipline[edit]

Failure to comply with treatment program[edit]

  • First failure to comply: 15 to 25 day suspension and/or a fine of up to $10,000
  • Second failure to comply: 25 to 50 day suspension and/or a fine of up to $25,000
  • Third failure to comply: 50 to 75 day suspension and/or a fine of up to $50,000
  • Fourth failure to comply: minimum one year suspension and/or a fine of up to $100,000
  • Any subsequent failure(s) to comply: The level of the discipline will be determined by the Office of the Commissioner, consistent with the concept of progressive discipline.

All suspensions are without pay.

Positive steroid test results[edit]

  • First positive test result: 80 game suspension
  • Second positive test result: 162 game suspension
  • Third positive test result: lifetime ban from MLB

All suspensions are without pay. In addition, a suspended player can be replaced on the active roster by another player. If a player is on the disabled list, the suspension is served while on the disabled list. A suspended player is not allowed to participate in that year's post-season.

Conviction for use of prohibited substances[edit]

  • First offense: 15 to 30 day suspension and/or a fine of up to $10,000
  • Second offense: 30 to 90 day suspension and/or a fine of up to $50,000
  • Third offense: minimum one year suspension and/or a fine of up to $100,000
  • Fourth offense: minimum two year suspension
  • Any subsequent offense(s): The level of the discipline will be determined by the Office of the Commissioner, consistent with the concept of progressive discipline.

All suspensions are without pay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baseball to Expand Drug-Testing Program". New York Times. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 

External links[edit]