Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Major Mining Sites of Wallonia
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Bois du Cazier 2.jpg
Bois du Cazier
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1344
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)

The Major Mining Sites of Wallonia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising four sites in southern Belgium associated with the Belgian coal mining industry of the 19th and 20th centuries.[1] The four sites of the grouping, situated in the French-speaking provinces of Hainaut and Liège, comprises:


The site was recognized by the UNESCO commission in 2012 and is officially described:

Location of Major Mining Sites of Wallonia


During the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, mining and the heavy industry that relied on coal formed a major part of Belgium's economy. Most of this mining and industry took place in the sillon industriel ("industrial valley" in French), a strip of land running across the country where many of the largest cities in Wallonia are located. The named locations of this World Heritage Site are all situated in or near the area of the sillon industriel.

The mining sector in Belgium declined during the 20th century during deindustrialization and today the four mines listed are no longer operational. Today, they are each open to visitors as museums and are an important part of Belgian industrial heritage.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNESCO Adds Wallonia Mining Sites in Belgium to World Heritage List". Travel Pulse. 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2012-01-02.