Major ministry

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Major Ministry
87th Cabinet of United Kingdom
1990–1997
John Major 1996.jpg
Date formed 28 November 1990
Date dissolved 2 May 1997
People and organizations
Head of government John Major
Head of state Queen Elizabeth II
Member party Conservative Party
Status in legislature Majority
Opposition party Labour Party
Opposition leader
History
Election(s) 1992 general election
Outgoing election 1997 general election
Previous Third Thatcher ministry
Successor Blair ministry

John Major, who formed the Major ministry, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for 6½ years from 28 November 1990 to 2 May 1997. He was first appointed Prime Minister having succeeded Margaret Thatcher as leader of the Conservative Party. He then led the Conservatives to victory in the April 1992 general election, but failed to secure the 1997 general election, as the Conservatives suffered their worst general election result of the 20th century and their place in government was taken by Labour, led by Tony Blair, after 18 years and four successive parliamentary terms of Conservative government.[1]

Formation[edit]

The resignation of Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister came on 22 November 1990, more than 11 years after she had first been elected. She had won three consecutive general elections, been voted into power by more than 12,000,000 people, but had to step down because she couldn't count on the support of her own MPs. Former Cabinet Minister Michael Heseltine had challenged her leadership earlier in the November and although she fared better than him in the leadership contest, she was unable to gain an outright win and handed in her resignation, paving the way for a new Conservative leader more likely to win the next general election which was due within 18 months.

The announcement of the Community Charge (often referred to as the Poll Tax) during 1989 and the onset of a recession shortly before Thatcher's resignation had seen Tory support plunge in the opinion polls, most of which were showing a double-digit Labour lead and making it seem likely that Neil Kinnock would be the next Prime Minister.

The Tories elected chancellor John Major as their new leader and the new Prime Minister on 27 November 1990.

Fate[edit]

The change of leader from Margaret Thatcher to John Major saw a dramatic turnaround in Tory support, with the double-digit Labour lead in the opinion polls being replaced by a narrow Tory one by the turn of 1991. Although a general election did not have to be held until June 1992, Labour leader Neil Kinnock kept pressurising Major to hold an election during 1991, but Major resisted the calls and there was no general election that year.

The recession which began in the autumn of 1990 deepened during 1991, pushing unemployment from 1,600,000 to 2,400,000 by the end of the year. Despite this, Tory support in the opinion polls remained relatively strong, with any Labour lead now being by the narrowest of margins.

Major finally called an election for 9 April 1992. Most pollsters suggested a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority, but in the event the election produced a Tory win. The Tories had their majority reduced to 21 (they had held a 102-seat majority at the election five years earlier) but attracted a record mandate of more than 14,000,000 votes.

The new term of parliament saw Major gain a new opponent in John Smith, who succeeded Neil Kinnock as Labour leader.

However, a series of events soon followed which made a fifth successive Tory election victory appear unlikely long before the next election was even on the political horizon.

The pound sterling crashed out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism after chancellor Norman Lamont had invested heavily in trying to keep it there, adjusting interest rates four times in one day as a desperate measure. This, which occurred on 16 September 1992 and became known as Black Wednesday, left the Tory government's reputation for economic excellence in tatters. Labour was soon ascendant in the opinion polls.

Tory feuding on Europe and the government defeat on the Maastricht Bill further dented the government's popularity, as did a series of scandals involving MP's.

The end of the recession was declared in April 1993 after nearly three years, and unemployment – which had peaked at nearly 3,000,000 – quickly began to fall. It had fallen below 2,500,000 within two years of the recession's end, and by the end of 1996 it was below 2,000,000. Freed from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism, the British economy outperformed the rest of the continent for the first time in a generation.

However, the strong economic recovery failed to make much difference to the dismal Tory showing in the opinion polls. Labour leader John Smith died of a heart attack in May 1994 and was succeeded by Tony Blair, who continued the modernisation process of the party which began under Smith's predecessor Neil Kinnock, and by the end of that year the opinion polls were showing Labour support as high as 60% – putting them more than 30 points ahead of the Tories.

The 21-seat Tory majority was gradually eroded by resignations as well as a string of by-election defeats, and by the turn of 1997 they were without a commons majority.

John Major left it until the last possible moment before calling a general election, finally holding it on 1 May 1997. He pinned his hopes of election success on a six-week campaign exposing New Labour's policies to scrutiny, as well as pointing towards a booming economy and falling unemployment. However, as the Tories had denied responsibility for the recession at the turn of the decade, few voters were willing to give them credit for the economic recovery, and Labour returned to power after 18 years with a 179-seat majority that saw several leading Tory MP's (most notably Michael Portillo, widely tipped to be the next Tory leader) lose their seats and leave them without any MP's in Wales or Scotland.

Cabinets[edit]

November 1990[edit]

April 1992[edit]

  • September 1992: Peter Brooke is appointed Secretary of State for National Heritage. David Mellor resigned.

May 1993[edit]

July 1994[edit]

  • John Major: Prime Minister
  • Kenneth Clarke: Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Douglas Hurd: Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
  • Michael Howard: Secretary of State for the Home Department
  • William Waldegrave: Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
  • Malcolm Rifkind: Secretary of State for Defence
  • Gillian Shepherd: Secretary of State for Education
  • Michael Portillo: Secretary of State for Employment
  • Stephen Dorrell: Secretary of State for National Heritage
  • John Gummer: Secretary of State for the Environment
  • Virginia Bottomley: Secretary of State for Health
  • Sir Patrick Mayhew: Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • Tony Newton: Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Commons
  • Viscount Cranborne: Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords
  • David Hunt: Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • Peter Lilley: Secretary of State for Social Security
  • Ian Lang: Secretary of State for Scotland
  • Michael Heseltine: Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
  • Brian Mawhinney: Secretary of State for Transport
  • Jonathan Aitken: Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • Lord Mackay: Lord Chancellor
  • John Redwood: Secretary of State for Wales
  • Jeremy Hanley: Minister without Portfolio and Conservative Party Chairman
  • Richard Ryder: Chief Whip (Attending Cabinet)

July 1995[edit]

  • John Major: Prime Minister
  • Michael Heseltine: Deputy Prime Minister
  • Kenneth Clarke: Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Malcolm Rifkind: Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
  • Michael Howard: Secretary of State for the Home Department
  • Douglas Hogg: Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
  • Michael Portillo: Secretary of State for Defence
  • Gillian Shepherd: Secretary of State for Education & Employment
  • Virginia Bottomley: Secretary of State for National Heritage
  • John Gummer: Secretary of State for the Environment
  • Stephen Dorrell: Secretary of State for Health
  • Sir Patrick Mayhew: Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • Tony Newton: Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Commons
  • Viscount Cranborne: Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords
  • Roger Freeman: Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • Peter Lilley: Secretary of State for Social Security
  • Michael Forsyth: Secretary of State for Scotland
  • Ian Lang: Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
  • Sir George Young: Secretary of State for Transport
  • William Waldegrave: Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • Lord Mackay: Lord Chancellor
  • William Hague: Secretary of State for Wales
  • Brian Mawhinney: Minister without Portfolio and Conservative Party Chairman
  • Alistair Goodlad: Chief Whip (Attending Cabinet)

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Dates Notes
Prime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
John Major 28 November 1990 – 1 May 1997  
Lord Chancellor The Lord Mackay of Clashfern continued in office  
Lord President of the Council John MacGregor continued in office  
Tony Newton 10 April 1992  
Lord Privy Seal The Lord Waddington 28 November 1990  
The Lord Wakeham 11 April 1992  
Viscount Cranborne 1994  
Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont 28 November 1990  
Kenneth Clarke 27 May 1993  
Chief Secretary to the Treasury David Mellor 28 November 1990  
Michael Portillo 10 April 1992  
Jonathan Aitken 20 July 1994  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 5 July 1995  
Minister of State, Treasury Gillian Shephard 28 November 1990 – 11 April 1992  
Sir John Cope 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994 also Paymaster-General
Anthony Nelson 20 July 1994 – 6 July 1995  
David Heathcoat-Amory 20 July 1994 – 20 July 1996 also Paymaster-General
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Richard Ryder 28 November 1990  
Alastair Goodlad 5 July 1995  
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Francis Maude continued in office  
Stephen Dorrell 14 April 1992  
Sir George Young, Bt 20 July 1994  
Michael Jack 5 July 1995  
Lords of the Treasury Sydney Chapman continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Greg Knight continued in office – 27 May 1993  
Irvine Patnick continued in office – 20 July 1994  
Nicholas Baker 3 December 1990 – 20 July 1994  
Tim Wood 14 April 1992 – 5 July 1995  
Tim Boswell 14 April 1992 – 11 December 1992  
Timothy Kirkhope 11 December 1992 – 5 July 1995  
Andrew MacKay 27 May 1993 – 17 October 1995  
Derek Conway 20 July 1994 – 23 July 1996  
Andrew Mitchell 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
Bowen Wells 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Simon Burns 5 July 1995 – 23 July 1996  
David Willetts 5 July 1995 – 28 November 1995  
Michael Bates 17 October 1995 – 11 December 1996  
Liam Fox 28 November 1995 – 23 July 1996  
Patrick McLoughlin 23 July 1996 – 1 May 1997  
Roger Knapman 23 July 1996 – 1 May 1997  
Richard Ottaway 23 July 1996 – 1 May 1997  
Gyles Brandreth 11 December 1996 – 1 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Douglas Hurd 26 October 1989  
Malcolm Rifkind 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Lynda Chalker continued in office – 1 May 1997 also Minister of Overseas Development; created Baroness Chalker of Wallasey 24 April 1992
The Earl of Caithness continued in office – 15 April 1992  
Tristan Garel-Jones continued in office – 27 May 1993  
The Hon. Douglas Hogg continued in office – 5 July 1995  
Alastair Goodlad 15 April 1992 – 5 July 1995  
David Heathcoat-Amory 27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994  
David Davis 20 July 1994 – 1 May 1997  
Jeremy Hanley 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Sir Nicholas Bonsor, Bt 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs The Hon. Mark Lennox-Boyd continued in office  
vacant 20 July 1994  
Liam Fox 23 July 1996  
Minister for Overseas Development Lynda Chalker, Baroness Chalker of Wallasley continued in office also Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs; created Baroness Chalker of Wallasey 24 April 1992
Secretary of State for the Home Department Kenneth Baker 28 November 1990  
Kenneth Clarke 11 April 1992  
Michael Howard 27 May 1993  
Minister of State for Home Affairs John Patten continued in office – 14 April 1992  
The Earl Ferrers continued in office – 20 July 1994  
Angela Rumbold continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Michael Jack 14 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
Peter Lloyd 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
David Maclean 27 May 1993 – 1 May 1997  
Michael Forsyth 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
The Baroness Blatch 20 July 1994 – 1 May 1997  
Ann Widdecombe 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs Peter Lloyd continued in office – 15 April 1992  
Charles Wardle 15 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
Nicholas Baker 20 July 1994 – 17 October 1995  
Timothy Kirkhope 17 October 1995 – 1 May 1997  
The Hon. Tom Sackville 28 November 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food John Gummer continued in office  
Gillian Shephard 24 May 1993  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 20 July 1994  
The Hon. Douglas Hogg 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food The Baroness Trumpington continued in office – 14 April 1992  
David Curry 14 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
Michael Jack 27 May 1993 – 5 July 1995  
Tony Baldry 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food David Curry continued in office – 14 April 1992  
David Maclean continued in office – 14 April 1992  
The Hon. Nicholas Soames 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
The Earl Howe 14 April 1992 – 5 July 1995  
Angela Browning 20 July 1994 – 1 May 1997  
Tim Boswell 5 July 1995 – 1 May 1997  
Minister for the Arts Tim Renton 28 November 1990 Functions transferred on 11 April 1992 to Department of National Heritage
Secretary of State for Defence Tom King continued in office  
Malcolm Rifkind 15 April 1992  
Michael Portillo 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for the Armed Forces The Hon. Archie Hamilton continued in office  
Jeremy Hanley 27 May 1993  
The Hon. Nicholas Soames 20 July 1994  
Minister of State for Defence Procurement Alan Clark continued in office  
Jonathan Aitken 14 April 1992  
Roger Freeman 20 July 1994  
James Arbuthnot 6 July 1995  
Under-Secretary of State for Defence Kenneth Carlisle 28 November 1990 – 15 April 1992  
The Earl of Arran 28 November 1990 – 15 April 1992  
Viscount Cranborne 22 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Henley 20 July 1994 – 6 July 1995  
The Earl Howe 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Education and Science Kenneth Clarke continued in office Reorganised as Office of Education 10 April 1992
Secretary of State for Education John Patten 10 April 1992  
Gillian Shephard 20 July 1994 Secretary of State for Education and Employment after 5 July 1995
Minister of State, Education and Science Timothy Eggar continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Minister of State, Education The Baroness Blatch 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
Eric Forth 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997 Minister of State, Education and Employment after 5 July 1995
Minister of State, Education and Employment The Lord Henley 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State, Education and Science Alan Howarth continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Michael Fallon continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Robert Atkins 28 November 1990 – 14 April 1992 Under-Secretary of State, Sport
Under-Secretary of State, Education Eric Forth 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
Nigel Forman 14 April 1992 – 11 December 1992  
Tim Boswell 19 December 1992 – 6 July 1995  
Robin Squire 27 May 1993 – 2 May 1997 Under-Secretary of State, Education and Employment after 5 July 1995
Under-Secretary of State, Education and Employment James Paice 7 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Cheryl Gillan 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Employment Michael Howard continued in office  
Gillian Shephard 12 April 1992  
David Hunt 27 May 1993  
Michael Portillo 20 July 1994 Merged with the Office of Education 5 July 1995
Minister of State, Employment Michael Forsyth 14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
Ann Widdecombe 20 July 1995 – 5 July 1995  
Under-Secretary of State, Employment Robert Jackson continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Eric Forth continued in office – 14 April 1992  
The Viscount Ullswater continued in office – 16 September 1993  
Patrick McLoughlin 14 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
Ann Widdecombe 27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Henley 16 September 1993 – 20 July 1994  
James Paice 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
Phillip Oppenheim 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
Secretary of State for Energy John Wakeham continued in office Office abolished 11 April 1992
Minister of State, Energy Timothy Eggar 15 April 1992 – 20 July 1994 under Office of Trade and Industry; became Minister of State, Energy and Industry 20 July 1994
Under-Secretary of State, Energy The Hon. Colin Moynihan continued in office – 11 April 1992  
David Heathcoat-Amory 28 November 1990 – 11 April 1992  
Secretary of State for the Environment Michael Heseltine 28 November 1990  
Michael Howard 11 April 1992  
John Gummer 27 May 1993  
Minister of State for Local Government Michael Portillo continued in office  
John Redwood 15 April 1992  
David Curry 27 May 1993  
Minister of State for Housing Sir George Young, Bt 28 November 1990  
The Viscount Ullswater 20 July 1994 Post renamed Minister of State for Construction 6 July 1995
Minister of State for Construction Robert Jones 6 July 1995  
Minister of State for Environment and Countryside David Trippier 28 November 1990  
David Maclean 14 April 1992  
Tim Yeo 27 May 1993  
Robert Atkins 7 January 1994  
The Earl Ferrers 6 July 1995  
Minister of State, Environment The Baroness Blatch 21 May 1991 – 13 April 1992  
Under-Secretary of State, Environment The Baroness Blatch continued in office – 21 May 1991  
Robert Key continued in office – 15 April 1992  
Tim Yeo 28 November 1990 – 15 April 1992  
Tony Baldry 28 November 1990 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Strathclyde 15 April 1992 – 16 September 1993  
Robin Squire 15 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
The Baroness Denton 16 September 1993 – 11 January 1994  
The Earl of Arran 11 January 1994 – 20 July 1994  
Sir Paul Beresford 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Robert Jones 20 July 1994 – 6 July 1995  
James Clappison 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Health The Hon. William Waldegrave continued in office  
Virginia Bottomley 10 April 1992  
Stephen Dorrell 5 July 1995  
Minister of State, Health Virginia Bottomley continued in office  
Brian Mawhinney 14 April 1992  
Gerry Malone 20 July 1994  
Under-Secretary of State, Health and Social Security The Baroness Hooper continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Stephen Dorrell continued in office – 14 April 1992  
The Hon. Tom Sackville 14 April 1992 – 29 November 1995  
The Baroness Cumberlege 14 April 1992 – 2 May 1997
Tim Yeo 15 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
John Bowis 27 May 1993 – 23 July 1996  
John Horam 29 November 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Simon Burns 23 July 1996 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Social Security Tony Newton continued in office  
Peter Lilley 10 April 1992  
Minister of State, Social Security Nicholas Scott continued in office – 20 July 1994  
William Hague 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
The Lord MacKay of Ardbrecknish 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Alistair Burt 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State, Social Security Michael Jack 28 November 1990 – 14 April 1992  
Ann Widdecombe 30 November 1990 – 27 May 1993  
Alistair Burt 14 April 1992 – 6 July 1995  
William Hague 27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994  
The Viscount Astor 16 September 1993 – 20 July 1994  
James Arbuthnot 20 July 1994 – 6 July 1995  
Roger Evans 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Andrew Mitchell 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Oliver Heald 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Chris Patten 28 November 1990  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 11 April 1992 also Minister for the Public Service
David Hunt 20 July 1994 also Minister for the Public Service
Roger Freeman 5 July 1995 also Minister for the Public Service
Parliamentary Secretary for the Public Service Robert V. Jackson 15 April 1992  
David Davis 27 May 1993  
Robert Hughes 20 July 1994  
John Horam 6 March 1995  
David Willetts 28 November 1995  
vacant 20 July 1996  
Michael Bates 16 December 1996  
Secretary of State for National Heritage David Mellor 11 April 1992  
Peter Brooke 25 September 1992  
Stephen Dorrell 20 July 1994  
Virginia Bottomley 5 July 1995  
Minister of State, National Heritage Iain Sproat 6 July 1995  
Under-Secretary of State, National Heritage Robert Key 14 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
Iain Sproat 27 May 1993 – 6 July 1995  
The Viscount Astor 20 July 1994 – 6 July 1995  
The Lord Inglewood  
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Brooke continued in office  
Sir Patrick Mayhew 10 April 1992  
Minister of State, Northern Ireland Brian Mawhinney 28 November 1990 – 14 April 1992  
The Lord Belstead 28 November 1990 – 14 April 1992 also Paymaster-General
Robert Atkins 14 April 1992 – 11 January 1994  
Michael Mates 15 April 1992 – 24 June 1993  
Sir John Wheeler 25 June 1993 – 2 May 1997  
Michael Ancram
(The Marquess of Lothian)
11 January 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State, Northern Ireland Richard Needham
(The Earl of Kilmorey)
continued in office – 15 April 1992  
Jeremy Hanley 3 December 1990 – 27 May 1993  
The Earl of Arran 22 April 1992 – 11 January 1994  
Michael Ancram
(The Marquess of Lothian)
27 May 1993 – 5 January 1994  
The Baroness Denton 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Tim Smith 6 January 1994 – 20 October 1994  
Malcolm Moss 25 October 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Paymaster-General The Lord Belstead 28 November 1990 also Minister of State, Northern Ireland
Sir John Cope 14 April 1992 also Minister of State, Treasury
David Heathcoat-Amory 20 July 1994 also Minister of State, Treasury
David Willetts 20 July 1996  
Michael Bates 16 December 1996  
Minister without Portfolio Jeremy Hanley 20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995  
Brian Mawhinney 5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Scotland Ian Lang 28 November 1990  
Michael Forsyth 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for Scotland Michael Forsyth continued in office – 14 April 1992  
The Lord Fraser of Carmyllie 14 April 1992 – 6 July 1995  
The Lord James Douglas-Hamilton 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland The Lord James Douglas-Hamilton continued in office – 6 July 1995  
The Lord Strathclyde continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Allan Stewart 28 November 1990 – 8 February 1995  
Sir Hector Monro 14 April 1992 – 6 July 1995  
George Kynoch 8 February 1995 – 2 May 1997  
The Earl of Lindsay 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Raymond Robertson 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Minister for Consumer Affairs The Earl Ferrers 20 July 1994 Under Office of Trade and Industry; office abolished 6 July 1995
Minister for Trade Tim Sainsbury continued in office  
Richard Needham
(The Earl of Kilmorey)
14 April 1992  
Anthony Nelson 6 July 1995  
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Peter Lilley continued in office  
Michael Heseltine 10 April 1992  
Ian Lang 5 July 1995  
Minister for Industry The Lord Hesketh continued in office  
vacant 21 May 1991  
Tim Sainsbury 15 April 1992  
vacant 20 July 1994  
Minister for Corporate Affairs John Redwood continued in office – 13 April 1992  
Minister of State for Trade and Industry The Lord Strathclyde 11 January 1994 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Fraser of Carmyllie 6 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Minister of State, Energy and Industry Timothy Eggar 20 July 1994  
Greg Knight 23 July 1996  
Under-Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Edward Leigh continued in office – 27 May 1993  
The Lord Reay 22 May 1991 – 14 April 1992  
Neil Hamilton 14 April 1992 – 25 October 1994  
The Baroness Denton 14 April 1992 – 16 September 1993  
Jonathan Evans 27 October 1994 – 29 November 1995  
Patrick McLoughlin 27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Strathclyde 16 September 1993 – 11 January 1994  
Charles Wardle 20 July 1994 – 11 February 1995  
Ian Taylor 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Richard Page 14 February 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Phillip Oppenheim 7 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  
John Mark Taylor 29 November 1995 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Transport Malcolm Rifkind 28 November 1990  
John MacGregor 10 April 1992  
Brian Mawhinney 20 July 1994  
Sir George Young, Bt 5 July 1995  
Minister of State, Transport The Lord Brabazon of Tara continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Minister for Public Transport Roger Freeman 28 November 1990 – 20 July 1994  
Minister for Railways and Roads The Earl of Caithness 14 April 1992 – 11 January 1994  
John Watts 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
Under-Secretary of State for Transport Patrick McLoughlin continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Christopher Chope continued in office – 14 April 1992  
Kenneth Carlisle 14 April 1992 – 27 May 1993  
Steven Norris 14 April 1992 – 23 July 1996  
Robert Key 27 May 1993 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord MacKay of Ardbrecknish 11 January 1994 – 20 July 1994  
The Viscount Goschen 20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
John Bowis 23 July 1996 – 2 May 1997  
Secretary of State for Wales David Hunt continued in office  
John Redwood 27 May 1993  
William Hague 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for Wales Wyn Roberts continued in office – 20 July 1994  
Under-Secretary of State for Wales Nicholas Bennett 3 December 1990 – 14 April 1994  
Gwilym Jones 14 April 1992 – 2 May 1997  
Rod Richards 20 July 1994 – 2 June 1996  
Jonathan Evans 2 June 1996 – 2 May 1997  
Attorney General Sir Patrick Mayhew continued in office  
Sir Nicholas Lyell 9 April 1992  
Solicitor General Sir Nicholas Lyell continued in office  
Sir Derek Spencer 15 April 1992  
Lord Advocate The Lord Fraser of Carmyllie continued in office  
The Lord Rodger of Earlsferry 15 April 1992  
The Lord Mackay of Drumadoon 7 November 1995  
Solicitor General for Scotland Alan Rodger continued in office Not an MP
Thomas Dawson 15 April 1992 Not an MP
Donald Mackay 4 May 1995 Not an MP
Paul Cullen 7 November 1995 Not an MP
Treasurer of the Household Alastair Goodlad continued in office  
David Heathcoat-Amory 15 April 1992  
Greg Knight 7 June 1993  
Andrew MacKay 23 July 1996  
Comptroller of the Household David Lightbown 28 November 1990  
Timothy Wood 7 July 1995  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household John Mark Taylor 28 November 1990  
Sydney Chapman 15 April 1992  
Timothy Kirkhope 7 July 1995  
Andrew MacKay 18 October 1995  
Derek Conway 23 July 1996  
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Denham continued in office  
The Lord Hesketh 2 May 1991  
The Viscount Ullswater 16 September 1993  
The Lord Strathclyde 20 July 1994  
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Viscount Davidson continued in office  
The Earl of Strathmore 30 December 1991  
The Earl of Arran 20 July 1994  
The Lord Inglewood January 1995  
The Lord Chesham 8 July 1995  
Lords-in-Waiting The Lord Reay continued in office – 21 May 1991  
The Earl of Strathmore continued in office – 30 December 1991  
The Baroness Blatch continued in office – 7 September 1990  
The Lord Cavendish of Furness continued in office – 22 April 1993  
The Viscount Astor continued in office – 16 September 1993  
The Earl Howe 30 May 1991 – 15 April 1992  
The Baroness Denton January 1992 – 15 April 1992  
The Viscount St Davids 22 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
The Viscount Goschen 22 April 1992 – 20 July 1994  
The Baroness Trumpington 22 April 1992 – 2 May 1997  
The Lord MacKay of Ardbrecknish 15 October 1993 – 11 January 1994  
The Lord Annaly 18 March 1994 – 20 July 1994  
The Lord Lucas of Crudwell 21 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
The Baroness Miller of Hendon 21 July 1994 – 2 May 1997  
The Lord Inglewood 21 July 1994 – January 1995  
The Earl of Lindsay 12 January 1995 – 6 July 1995  
The Earl of Courtown 8 July 1995 – 2 May 1997  

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Major: A life in politics". BBC News. 28 September 2002. 
General
Preceded by
Third Thatcher ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1990–1997
Succeeded by
Blair ministry