major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:
Major party: a political party having electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power.
— Merriam-Webster Dictionary online
Major parties hold a significant percentage of the vote in elections and claim higher membership than minor parties. Typically, major parties have the most donors, best-organized support networks and excellent funding for elections. Their candidates for political positions are closely watched since they have the highest chance of being elected to office because of the high membership, recognition and donations that these parties are able to generate.
Two major parties can lead to a
two-party system. If there is only one major party, then it is a dominant-party system. In a multi-party system, a major party is one that occasionally controls the presidency or premiership and is the most influential party in a coalition government.
List of major parties [ edit ]
major party Centre-right/Right-wing
major party Other major party
Australian Labor Party
Liberal Party of Australia
Federally (and in New South Wales) the Liberal Party of Australia is in coalition with the Nationals.
Social Democratic Party of Austria
Austrian People's Party
Freedom Party of Austria
Bulgarian Socialist Party
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
New Democratic Party
Conservative Party of Canada
Liberal Party of Canada
The Liberal party was a major federal party until 2011, when it won the fewest seats in its history.
Citizens' Action Party (PAC)
National Liberation Party (PLN)
PLN define itself as "centrist" but is generally considered as more right-wing than PAC.
Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatian Democratic Union
Danish People's Party
The Danish People's Party is third largest, and is currently polling just behind the Social Democrats as second largest party. The Social Liberal Party also play a great role.
Party of European Socialists
European People's Party
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Union for a Popular Movement
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Christian Democratic Union
2012 legislative election, Pasok was the major party of the centre-left.
Hungarian Socialist Party
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
Indian National Congress
Bharatiya Janata Party
Fianna Fáil was the most voted party in Ireland from 1932 to 2011, when it was returned in third place with just 17.4% of the vote.
Israeli Labor Party
Five Star Movement
Until 1992 the major party was the centrist Christian Democracy, which had been in government for five decades; the second one was the Italian Communist Party.
Liberal Democratic Party
New Komeito Party
Democratic United Party
Saenuri Party -
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Christian Social People's Party
Party of the Democratic Revolution
National Action Party
Institutional Revolutionary Party
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Social Democratic Party
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Democratic Progressive Party
People's Action Party
Swedish Social Democratic Party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Republican People's Party
Justice and Development Party
From the 17th through mid-19th century, the Whigs and the Tories were the majors.
United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
Democratic Unionist Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
Despite being part of the UK, Northern Ireland does not use the main British political parties.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Federalist Party, Democratic-Republican Party, and Whig Party were all major.
United States (Puerto Rico)
New Progressive Party
Popular Democratic Party
Puerto Rico is the only country within the jurisdiction of America that does not use traditional American political parties.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]