Major sports event hosting in Britain during the 2010s

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The 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games were one of several international sporting events held in Britain during the 2010s decade.

The United Kingdom has been awarded, or is bidding to hold, a number of major international sporting events during the 2010s leading to an idea of a 'Golden Decade' in British sport.[1] The idea of the golden decade has been discussed in many newspapers and has been mentioned by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Lord Coe.

Contents

Timeline of events[edit]

2010[edit]

14–18 April 2010 - 2010 European Badminton Championships at the Manchester Arena in Manchester - Hosted

7-17 July 2010 - 2010 Wheelchair Basketball World Championship at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham - Hosted

15–24 July 2010 - 2010 World Lacrosse Championship at the University of Manchester in Manchester - Hosted

17 July 2010 - Completion of the 2009-10 Clipper Round the World Yacht Race in Hull Hosted

20 August–5 September 2010 - Women's Rugby World Cup in London - Hosted

1–4 October 2010 - Ryder Cup at Celtic Manor Resort in Newport - Hosted

21–28 November 2010 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosted

2011[edit]

20–21 May 2011 - Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals in at the Cardiff City Stadium and Millennium Stadium in Cardiff - Hosted

26 May 2011 - Women's Champions League Final at Craven Cottage in London - Hosted

28 May 2011 - Champions League Final at Wembley Stadium in London - Hosted

3–7 August 2011 - International Children's Games in Lanarkshire - Hosted

8–14 August 2011 - BWF World Championships at Wembley Arena in London - Hosted

17–20 November 2011 - 2011 Trampoline World Championships at the NIA in Birmingham - Hosted

20–27 November 2011 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosted

2012[edit]

20-26 February 2012 - 2012 FINA Diving World Cup at the London Aquatics Centre in London - Hosted

3-6 May 2012 - 2012 European Taekwondo Championships at SportCity in Manchester - Hosted

18–19 May 2012 - Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals at the Twickenham Stoop and Twickenham Stadium in London - Hosted

27 July–12 August 2012 - Summer Olympics in London - Hosted

29 August–9 September 2012 - Summer Paralympics in London - Hosted

16-18 November 2012 - UCI Track Cycling World Cup at the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome in Glasgow - Hosted

November 2012 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosted

2013[edit]

21 April 2013 - IPC Athletics Marathon World Cup in London - Hosted

10–12 May 2013 - 2013 EuroLeague Final Four at The O2 Arena in London - Hosted

23 May 2013 - 2013 Women's Champions League Final at Stamford Bridge in London - Hosted

25 May 2013 - 2013 Champions League Final at Wembley Stadium in London - Hosted

6–23 June 2013 - 2013 ICC Champions Trophy at The Oval, Edgbaston and Cardiff - Hosted

21-23 June 2013 - 2013 World Rowing Cup at Eton Dorney in Windsor - Hosted

1-10 August 2013 - 2013 World Police and Fire Games in Belfast - Hosted

3-4 August 2013 - Prudential Ride London, Grand Prix, London-Surrey 100 & London-Surrey Classic - Hosted

7-11 August 2013 - 2013 UCI Juniors Track World Championships at the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome in Glasgow - Hosted

1 September 2013 - Beginning of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race at St Katherine's Dock in London - Hosted

11-15 September 2013 - 2013 ITU World Triathlon Series Final at Hyde Park in London - Hosted

26 October–30 November 2013 - Rugby League World Cup in England and Wales - Hosted

1-3 November 2013 - UCI Track Cycling World Cup at the Manchester Velodrome in Manchester - Hosted

4-11 November 2013 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosted

2014[edit]

13 April 2014 - IPC Athletics Marathon World Cup in London - Hosted

23–24 May 2014 - Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals at Cardiff Arms Park and the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff - Hosted

5–7 July 2014 - Le Grand Depart, 2014 Tour de France in Leeds and London - Hosted

24 July–3 August 2014 - Commonwealth Games in Glasgow - Hosting

18-23 August 2014 - 2014 IPC Athletics European Championships at Swansea University - Hosting

26–28 September 2014 - Ryder Cup at Gleneagles - Hosting

26-30 November 2014 - NEC Wheelchair Tennis Masters at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London Hosting

November 2014 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosting

2015[edit]

April 2015 - IPC Athletics Marathon World Cup in London - Hosting

2015 - EuroHockey Nations Championship at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting [2]

16-19 April 2015 - European Judo Championships in Glasgow - Hosting

1–2 May 2015 - European Rugby Challenge Cup and European Rugby Champions Cup Finals at the Twickenham Stoop and Twickenham Stadium in London - Hosting

19-25 July 2015 - 2015 IPC Swimming World Championships at Tollcross International Swimming Centre in Glasgow - Hosting

August 2015 - World Orienteering Championships in Inverness - Hosting

August 2015 - European Wheelchair Basketball Championship 2015 - Hosting

18th September-31st October 2015 - Rugby World Cup in England - Hosting

15-20 September 2015 - ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships at Lee Valley White Water Centre in London - Hosting

23 October-1 November 2015 - World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Glasgow - Hosting

November 2015 - NEC Wheelchair Tennis Masters at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting

November 2015 - ATP World Tour Finals at The O2 Arena in London - Hosting

2016[edit]

February 2016 - 2016 UCI Track Cycling World Championships at the London Velodrome in London - Hosting[3]

April 2016 - IPC Athletics Marathon World Cup in London - Hosting [4]

May 2016 - 2016 LEN European Aquatics Championships at the London Aquatics Centre in London - Hosting [5]

June 2016 - Women's Hockey Champions Trophy at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting

November 2016 - NEC Wheelchair Tennis Masters at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting

2017[edit]

April 2017 - IPC Athletics Marathon World Cup in London - Hosting

June 2017 - 2017 ICC World Test Championship in England and Wales - Hosting

July 2017 - 2017 IPC Athletics World Championships at the Olympic Stadium in London - Hosting

July 2017 - Men's Hockey World League Semi Final 2 at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting

5-13 August 2017 - 2017 IAAF Athletics World Championships at the Olympic Stadium in London - Hosting

2018[edit]

2018 - 2018 World Lacrosse Championships at the University of Manchester in Manchester - Hosting

7-21 July 2018 - Women's Hockey World Cup at Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London - Hosting

2019[edit]

2019 - 2019 ICC Cricket World Cup in England - Hosting

Events already hosted[edit]

2010 World Lacrosse Championships[edit]

Manchester hosted the world's biggest lacrosse event in July 2010. It was the third edition of the World Lacrosse Championships held in England, with Manchester hosting the 1994 tournament and Stockport hosting in 1978. The event took place at the University of Manchester, on the same campus used for the athletes' village at the 2002 Commonwealth Games.

2010 Women's Rugby World Cup[edit]

The International Rugby Board, the worldwide governing body for rugby union, announced in September 2008 that the 2010 Women's Rugby World Cup would be held in London.[6] The event was held in late August and early September. All matches took place at the Surrey Sports Park in Guildford, except for the semi-finals, third-place match, and final, which were held at the Twickenham Stoop.

2010 Ryder Cup[edit]

The 2010 Ryder Cup was held at the Celtic Manor Resort Hotel in Newport, South Wales.[7] Originally scheduled for 1–3 October, it was extended to 4 October due to delays caused by heavy rains.

2011 Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals[edit]

Millennium Stadium hosted the 2011 Heineken Cup Final on 21 May. This was the fourth time that the Cardiff venue, the home of Welsh rugby union, hosted this event. The day before, the city also hosted the final of the second-tier Amlin Challenge Cup at Cardiff City Stadium.

2011 Women's Champions League and Champions League Finals[edit]

Wembley Stadium hosted the 2011 UEFA Champions League Final on 28 May. This was the first time the current Wembley had hosted the event; the original Wembley Stadium had hosted the final five times. Including two finals at Hampden Park in Glasgow and one at Old Trafford in Manchester, this was the ninth time that Britain had hosted the European Cup/Champions League final.

As a part of its successful bid, London was also awarded the 2011 UEFA Women's Champions League Final, which was held on 26 May at Craven Cottage. It was the first time Britain had hosted the final of the women's event.

2011 International Children's Games[edit]

Dollan Baths

The International Children's Games is the world's largest international multi-sport youth event, with nearly 2,000 athletes, coaches and officials from over 70 countries taking part. The event is informally referred to as the 'Mini-Olympics'. Lanarkshire won the unanimous backing of the ICG Committee for hosting rights to the 2011 Games, beating strong competition from Singapore and Daegu. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond spoke to the Committee in a video message, pointing out that the awarding of the 2011 Games to Lanarkshire would be a major boost to the local area and informing them that the entire nation was supporting the bid. One of the prime venues was Strathclyde Country Park, which is also an official 2014 Commonwealth Games venue. Other venues included the new £29m sports facility at Ravenscraig, the Historic Scotland Category A listed Dollan Baths and the Airdrie Lesiure Centre.

2012 Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals[edit]

Twickenham, home to both the England national rugby union team and England's national governing body for the sport, hosted the 2012 Heineken Cup Final on 19 May. As with Millennium Stadium the year before, this was the fourth final for Twickenham. The adjacent Twickenham Stoop hosted the Amlin Challenge Cup final on the day before the Heineken Cup Final; this was the fourth Challenge Cup final at The Stoop.

2012 Summer Olympics[edit]

Main article: 2012 Summer Olympics

After Birmingham and Manchester failed to deliver winning bids for the 1992, 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games, the British Olympic Association (BOA) decided that London was the best choice to pursue the goal of hosting the Summer Olympics.[8] The centrepiece of the London bid was the Lower Lea Valley, the location designated to be transformed into a world-class Olympic Park and Olympic Village. It would be connected via a high-speed shuttle service, dubbed the Olympic Javelin, and existing transport links capable of transferring 240,000 people per hour.[9] After the Olympics and Paralympics close, the area will be transformed into the largest urban park developed in Europe for more than 150 years, with an area of 500 acres (2 km²),[10] and will be home to the Olympic Medical Institute (OMI), a sports medical and rehabilitation centre.[11] The bid called for substantial improvement of the London Underground system, which was supposed to be able to handle the Olympic crowds, and more investment into new Olympic sites throughout the city. London was considered to be the second favourite for the election after Paris, but intense lobbying by the London bid team at the later stages of the bidding process swung the votes in their favour.

On 7 July 2005, the victory celebrations were marred by the terrorist attacks on London's public transport system. This prompted immediate fears concerning the security of the 2012 Games, to which the IOC and British officials reacted in a reassuring way.[12][13]

2012 Summer Paralympics[edit]

London won hosting rights to the 2012 Summer Paralympics as part of its successful bid to host the Summer Olympics. The event used many of the Olympic venues.

2013 Euroleague Final Four[edit]

Euroleague Basketball announced on 12 May 2012 that The O2 arena would host the league's Final Four on 10 and 12 May 2013.[14]

The contract between Euroleague Basketball and O2 arena operator AEG included a mutual option for the venue to host the 2014 Final Four,[14] but one or both parties decided not to exercise that option, and the 2014 Final Four was instead awarded to Milan.[15]

2013 Women's Champions League and Champions League Finals[edit]

The hosting of the 2011 Champions League Final at the 90,000 Wembley Stadium was deemed such a success, UEFA announced on 16 June 2011 Wembley would host the 2013 final - the first time a stadium has hosted the European Cup final twice in three years.[16] The 2013 final would coincide with the 150th anniversary of The Football Association – the world's oldest football governing body.

As a part of its successful bid, London was also awarded the 2013 Women's Champions League Final. As in 2011, that match was held two days before the (men's) Champions League Final. This time, Stamford Bridge hosted the women's final.

2013 ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Three cities in the United Kingdom, London, Cardiff and Birmingham, hosted the seventh and final ICC Champions Trophy. The eight major test nations competed in the limited overs tournament, with India winning.

2013 Rugby League World Cup[edit]

Following the success of the 2008 World Cup, the RLIF officially announced the next tournament to be held in 2013. The UK was favourites to host the sport's most prestigious event, but faced stiff competition from Australia, who had successfully hosted the 2008 competition - the most watched in rugby league's history. On July 28, 2009, the RLIF held a meeting in Singapore and, ending months of speculation, announced that the UK would host the 2013 Rugby League World Cup.[17]

2014 Amlin Challenge Cup and Heineken Cup Finals[edit]

Initially, the 2014 finals of the Heineken Cup and Amlin Challenge Cup were scheduled to be held in the Paris area in France. However, the French Rugby Federation pulled out of hosting because of uncertainty over the availability of Stade de France for the Heineken Cup Final. As a result, the organiser of both competitions, European Rugby Cup, reopened the bidding for both finals (which were awarded in a single package). Bids were received from all three of the Home Nations on the island of Great Britain—England, Scotland and Wales.[18]

Ultimately, the finals were awarded to Cardiff, which had most recently hosted the finals in 2011. This was the fifth Heineken Cup Final at Millennium Stadium, and the seventh for the city (two other finals had been held at the National Stadium that previously occupied the Millennium Stadium site).[19]

Unlike 2011, when the Challenge Cup Final was played at Cardiff City Stadium, the second-tier final was held at Cardiff Arms Park, directly adjacent to Millennium Stadium. This match was the first European final ever played on an artificial surface, as the Arms Park's main tenant, the Cardiff Blues of Pro12, installed a modern artificial pitch for the 2013–14 season.[20]

These were the last-ever finals of the Heineken Cup and Amlin Challenge Cup. From 2014–15, these competitions will be replaced respectively by the European Rugby Champions Cup and European Rugby Challenge Cup.

2014 Tour de France Grand Depart[edit]

The first three stages of the 2014 Tour de France took place in Yorkshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex and London.

Events that will be hosted[edit]

2009–2015 ATP World Tour Finals[edit]

From 2009–2015, and potentially longer, the ATP World Tour Finals will be hosted in the O2 arena in London.

2014 Commonwealth Games[edit]

Scotland was the first country to consider hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games in 2004, with Scottish cities being invited by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland to consider making a bid. In September 2004, Glasgow was announced as the Scottish candidate city over Edinburgh (which hosted the Games in 1970 and 1986, and the inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games in 2000) following a cost-benefit analysis by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland. The Scottish Executive under then First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell, with the support of the United Kingdom government[21] and all main parties in the Scottish Parliament, formally announced Glasgow's intention to host the games on 16 August 2005.

In March 2006, the bidding process began, with the Glasgow Bid team presenting their case to the Commonwealth Games Federation at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, along with the other confirmed candidate cities; the Nigerian capital, Abuja and Halifax in Canada; Halifax later withdrew due to 'unacceptably high cost projections'.[22] In October 2006, the first voting delegates arrived in Glasgow, in order to inspect the city's existing and proposed amenities and facilities. Glasgow announced on 16 January 2007, the 17 sports to be included should its bid be successful.[23] Halifax later withdrew its bid on 8 March 2007, following the withdrawal of funding from the municipal government.[24]

That left Abuja and Glasgow as the remaining bidders, with Abuja seen as a likely favourite due the basis of its campaign that Africa has never before hosted the Commonwealth Games.[25] The deadline for formal submission of bids to the Commonwealth Games Federation, in the form of a Candidate City File, was set for May 2007.[26] Both bids were highly recommended, though Glasgow's bid team had made use of extensive benchmarking against the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester and the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne and as a result, its bid was deemed technically superior according to the CGF Evaluation Report that was released in September 2007. The Commonwealth Games Evaluation Commission concluded that: "Glasgow has shown it has the ability to stage the 2014 Commonwealth Games to a standard which would continue to enhance the image and prestige of the Games." This put Glasgow ahead in terms of the technical comprehensiveness of its bid.[27]

The final decision on the host city of the 2014 Commonwealth Games was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 9 November 2007 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly, attended by all 71 Commonwealth Games member associations. Each bid city made a presentation to the General Assembly, the order of which was determined by drawing lots. Glasgow's delegation was led by Louise Martin, chair of the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland, First Minister Alex Salmond, athlete Jamie Quarry and Leader of Glasgow City Council Steven Purcell. The presentation also included a promotional film narrated by Sean Connery.[28] Abuja's delegation was led by General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Abuja 2014 Commonwealth Games bid team. The CGF members subsequently voted for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot. As there were only two bids, the winner was announced by the CGF President, Mike Fennell, after the first round of voting, with the winner only requiring a simple majority. Celebrations were held at Glasgow's Old Fruitmarket, where a crowd of over 1,200 had gathered to watch the result live.[29]

2014 Ryder Cup[edit]

The 2014 Ryder Cup will be held at Gleneagles in Scotland.[30]

2015 European Rugby Challenge Cup and European Rugby Champions Cup Finals[edit]

The inaugural finals of the new European rugby union competitions, the European Rugby Champions Cup and European Rugby Challenge Cup, will be held in London. On 1 May 2015, the Twickenham Stoop will host the final of the second-tier Challenge Cup. The following day, the adjacent Twickenham Stadium will host the inaugural Champions Cup Final. Including finals of the former Heineken Cup and European Challenge Cup, these will be the fifth European club rugby finals for each venue.

2015 World Orienteering Championships[edit]

The 2015 World Orienteering Championships will be hosted by Scotland and based in Inverness during August 2015.[31] The World Championships was awarded on 18 August 2011 at an International Orienteering Federation press conference, beating a bid by Sweden. The championships have previously been held in Scotland on two occasions, in 1976 and 1999.

2015 Rugby World Cup[edit]

Main article: 2015 Rugby World Cup

The 2015 Rugby World Cup will be hosted by England. Their winning bid included the proposed hosting of some games in Cardiff; this was officially ratified by the IRB on 24 May 2011. The Rugby World Cup was awarded on 28 July 2009 following the IRB Executive Board ratifying Rugby World Cup Limited's proposed decision to award the 2015 World Cup to England and the 2019 World Cup to Japan.

2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships[edit]

In May 2011, it was announced that Glasgow would be the host city of the 2015 edition of the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.[32] The 2015 edition will be the third time the event has been staged in the UK, and the first in Scotland, following the Glasgow bid's success over rival pitches from Paris and Orlando, Florida. The Hydro, a facility designed and built for the Commonwealth Games to be held in the city a year earlier, will act as the primary venue for the Championships.

2016 UCI Track World Championships[edit]

The London VeloPark in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, host of the 2012 Summer Olympic track cycling, will host the world championships in February 2016. [33]

2016 LEN European Swimming Championships[edit]

During the 2013 LEN Bureau meeting in Barcelona the 2016 edition of the LEN European Championships was allocated to London (GBR). This will be the first major international aquatic showcase held in the Aquatic Centre in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park since the 2012 Olympic Games.[5]

2016–2018 Wheelchair Tennis Masters[edit]

Announced on 3 December 2012, London would be hosting the NEC Wheelchair Tennis Masters for three years starting in 2016 at Olympic Park, London.[34]

2017 IAAF World Athletics Championships[edit]

On March 11, 2011, UK Athletics announced that they would submit a bid for the 2017 Athletics World Championships, whereby London would be used to host, using the Olympic Stadium built for the 2012 Olympic Games. On November 11, 2011 it was announced that the bid was successful.[35]

2018 Women's Hockey World Cup[edit]

Following an unsuccessful bid to host the 2014 edition of the competition, England was awarded the 2018 Women's Hockey World Cup in November 2013. This will be held at the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre - host of the 2015 EuroHockey Championships, NEC Tennis Masters from 2016 and also the 2016 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy.

2019 Cricket World Cup[edit]

The 2019 Cricket World Cup will be hosted by England.[36] This will be the twelfth World Cup competition, and the fifth time it has been held in England, having played host in 1975, 1979, 1983 and 1999.

The hosting rights were awarded in April 2006, after England withdrew from the bidding to host the 2015 Cricket World Cup, which will be held in Australia and New Zealand. In turn, those countries had been defeated by India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka for the right to stage the 2011 contest.

Events being bid for[edit]

UEFA Euro 2020 finals[edit]

Following the announcement by UEFA that the 2020 tournament will be held across 12 host cities in various countries across Europe, with the semi-finals and final to be held in a 13th city, it is widely expected that London's Wembley Stadium will make a bid to host the finals, if not the earlier stages of the tournament.

Events speculated[edit]

Super Bowl[edit]

In 2007, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell stated that "There is a great deal of interest in holding a Super Bowl in London". However, at that time, the earliest Super Bowl London could host would have been Super Bowl XLVII in 2013.[37] In 2009, British media reports suggested that London was planning to submit bids for the 2014, 2015 and 2017 Super Bowls, although by that time, Goodell denied any NFL interest in a London bid.[38] Ultimately, the 2014 game was awarded to the New Meadowlands Stadium, now known as MetLife Stadium, in East Rutherford, New Jersey (near New York City) with London not submitting a formal bid. London also did not submit a bid for the 2015 game, which was awarded to University of Phoenix Stadium in the Phoenix area.[39] The 2017 game, which would mark the 50th anniversary of the first Super Bowl (but the 51st game in the series), was eventually awarded to NRG Stadium (previously Reliant Stadium) in Houston, also without a London bid.[40]

Failed/Abandoned Bids[edit]

2018 Men's Hockey World Cup[edit]

Following an unsuccessful bid to host the 2014 edition of the competition, England won the right to host the Women's World Cup in November 2013, culminating in finals at the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre, home of the 2012 Summer Paralympic wheelchair tennis competition. The men's World Cup was awarded to India.[41]

2018 Summer Youth Olympics[edit]

On September 19, 2011, it was announced that Glasgow would submit to the British Olympic Association (BOA) a proposal to bid for the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics.[42] On February 22, 2012 the BOA agreed to put Glasgow forward as the United Kingdom's bidding city for the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics.[43] In July 2013 they were awarded to Buenos Aires.[44]

2018 FIFA World Cup bid[edit]

It was announced on 2 December 2010 that England's bid was unsuccessful and the 2018 FIFA World Cup would be held in Russia.[45]

2017 FIFA Confederations Cup bid[edit]

Failed due to unsuccessful bid to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

UEFA Euro 2016[edit]

Scotland, along with the Republic of Ireland, bid for Euro 2008 and there has been much discussion over whether the nation should consider a solo bid for Euro 2016. The entrance into government of the Scottish National Party (SNP) had previously boosted the hopes of such an outcome.

Ultimately, it was announced on March 9, 2009, that Scotland and Wales, who had planned to bid together, decided the cost of staging the event was too great. Factors sited were principally the dire economic situation and the fact that 2016 would see the tournament expand to 24 teams from 16, greatly increasing the cost of hosting.[46]

2014 Men's and Women's Hockey World Cup[edit]

London bid to host the men's and women's versions of the Hockey World Cup in 2014. The bid would have been only the second time both events have been held simultaneously and was planned to centre around the Olympic Hockey Centre, built for the 2012 Olympic Games, and would have been the first international event held at a 'legacy facility' in the Olympic Park after the London Olympics. Boxing promoter Frank Warren was brought in by England Hockey to help with the bid.[47] On 11 November 2010, it was announced the Netherlands had won the bid.[48]

2015 IAAF World Athletics Championships[edit]

London submitted a bid to the IAAF to host the 2015 World Championships in 2010, however due to the uncertain future of the Olympic stadium at the time, the bid was moved to the 2017 World championships, leaving only Beijing in the race, so the tournament will be held in The Bird's Nest Stadium, the athletics venue for the 2008 Olympic Games.[49]

2018 Gay Games[edit]

London was one of three cities shortlisted to host the 2018 edition of the Gay Games, alongside Paris and Limerick. Venues would have included many of those used in the 2012 Summer Olympics, including those in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, as well as The O2 Arena and SouthBank Centre. The Games were awarded to Paris. [50]

References[edit]

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  50. ^ http://gaygames.org

External links[edit]