Makówki, Lower Silesian: Mohnkließla, Mohnklöße, Mohnpilen, Hungarian: Mákos Guba are different names for a traditional poppy seed-based dessert from Central Europe. It is most notable in Silesia, where it is served almost exclusively on Christmas Eve (and perhaps on the following days, as long as the supply prepared for Christmas lasts).
The main ingredient are: sweet white bread and finely ground poppy seeds boiled in milk with butter. Other important ingredients include: dried fruit (figs, raisins, apricots, dates, etc.) almonds and other kinds of nuts (the choice of nuts and dried fruit varies). It is flavoured with sugar, honey, vanilla, cinnamon and rum.
The bread is cut into thin slices and layered in a clay pot or more often into a glass or crystal bowl. After each layer, the sauce of the boiled poppy seeds, with flavouring and nuts, is poured so that the bread is well soaked. The top is decorated with some extra nuts and fruit. The dish is served cold, at least several hours after preparation.
Silesian cuisine can be very conservative. The tradition of makówki/mohnkließla/mohnpilen is well maintained amongst Silesians, i.e., it is hard to imagine a Silesian Christmas without this foodstuff, and it would be rather unorthodox to serve it outside the Christmas—New Year period. Preparing makowki outside Silesia can be a challenge because of unavailability of finely ground poppy seed (a special mill is usually required). In the U.S.A., canned poppy paste is sometimes commercially available and it works very well.