Bagong Alyansang Makabayan

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New Patriotic Alliance
Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Leader Teodoro Casiño
President Satur Ocampo
Liza Maza
Chairman Carol Pagaduan Araullo
Secretary-General Renato Reyes
Founded May 1, 1985 (1985-05-01)
Headquarters Quezon City
Ideology Philippine Communism
Maoism
Internationalism
Antinationalism
Democratic Socialism
Progressivism
Political position Left-wing
International affiliation International Newsletter
Colors Red
Seats in the Senate
0 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
7 / 292
Provincial governorships
0 / 79
Provincial vice governorships
0 / 79
Provincial board members
0 / 756
Website
www.bayan.ph
Politics of Philippines
Political parties
Elections

Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (English: New Patriotic Alliance) or Bayan is an alliance of leftist militant organizations. The nickname "Bayan" was picked since it stands for nation or community in Filipino. Bayan is the forefront of the National-Democratic Movement in the Philippines. It was founded on International Workers' Day, May 1, 1985, as part of the opposition during the Marcos dictatorship.

Politics[edit]

Ideology[edit]

The principle of Bayan is National-Democracy, which are based on Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) principles. It believes that:[1]

  • The Philippines is rich of natural resources but the Filipino people are deprived of it;
  • The history of the Philippines is the history of class struggle;
  • Imperialism, Feudalism and Bureaucratic Capitalism is the root of poverty; and
  • A National-Democratic Revolution is the solution to end the roots of poverty

However, unlike underground revolutionary organizations such as the Communist Party of the Philippines, its armed wing the New People's Army and its legal front the National Democratic Front, members of Bayan do not take arms. They participate in the urban mass movement, which are the dual tactics of the revolution, and participate in the revolution through mass mobilizations.[1]

Political structure[edit]

Bayan operates as an alliance of different sectoral organizations. It follows a democratic and central structure. Its own documentation [2] suggests that it is a centralized organization, including:[1]

  • chapters as the smallest units
  • a general assembly as the highest policy-making body
  • a national council which meets twice a year or more often if needed
  • a national executive committee to implement the policies of the general assembly and national council
  • five specialized commissions
  • a general secretariat that runs day-to-day operations
  • a national office in Quezon City in Metro Manila.

Member organizations[edit]

Patriotic Coalition of the People
Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan
Founded April 16, 2009 (2009-04-16)
National affiliation Bayan
Colors Blue, red, yellow
Website
http://makabayan.net
Bagong Alyansang Makabayan on Facebook
Politics of Philippines
Political parties
Elections

Bayan is associated with Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan (Makabayan) (English: Makabayan Coalition - Patriotic Coalition, Patriotic Coalition of the People), a coalition of twelve partylists from the different marginalized sectors in the Philippines. This includes Alliance of Concerned Teachers, Anakpawis (lit. Toiling Masses), Bayan Muna (lit. Nation First), GABRIELA (General Assembly Binding Women for Integrity, Reform, Equality, Leadership and Action) Women's party, Kabataan (lit. Youth), Katribu (Tribe), Migrante (Migrants), Akap-bata (lit. Hugging a child), COURAGE (Confederation for Unity Recognition and Advancement of Government Employees), Piston, Kalikasan (lit. Environment) and Aking Bikolnon. The council also includes personages in the field of arts, governance, mass media and people’s organizations.[3] It was founded on April 16, 2009. The founding assembly was held at UP Theatre, Diliman, Quezon City.[1]

Makabayan is a coalition of many different organizations. These include, but are not limited to, the following:[1]

  • Peasants: KMP - Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (Peasant Movement in the Philippines), Amihan - National Federation of Peasant Women
  • Workers: KMU - Kilusang Mayo Uno (May First Movement),
  • Youth and Students: Anakbayan, CEGP - College Editors Guild of the Philippines, LFS - League of Filipino Students, NUSP - National Union of Students of the Philippines, Karatula - Kabataang Artista para sa Tunay na Kalayaan (Youth Artists for Genuine Freedom), SCMP - Student Christian Movement of the Philippines, NNARA-Youth - National Network for Agrarian Reform Advocates, LKM - Liga ng Kabataan Moro (League of Youth Moro)
  • Fisherfolk: Pamalakaya - Pambasang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamamalakaya ng Pilipinas (National Force of Fisherfolk Movement in the Philippines
  • Women: GABRIELA - General Assembly Binding Women for Integrity, Equality, Leadership and Action
  • Religious: PCPR - Promotion of Church People's Response,RMP - Rural Missionaries of the Philippines
  • Health Workers: HEAD - Health Alliance for Democracy
  • Scientists: Agham (Science)
  • Teachers: ACT - Alliance of Concerned Teachers, CONTEND - Congress of Teachers and Educators for Nationalism and Democracy
  • Cultural Workers: Ugatlahi, Sinagbayan
  • Indigenous People: KAMP - Kalipunan ng mga Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas
  • Migrants: Migrante

Electoral performance[edit]

Members of Bayan USA march in New York in solidarity with Occupy Wall Street

History[edit]

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Bayan was founded by political activist Leandro Alejandro and former senator Lorenzo Tañada on May 1, 1985 during the Marcos dictatorship.[1] It brought together more than a thousand grassroots and progressive organizations, representing over a million people, largely national democratic.[4]

It was a participant in the People Power Revolution against the Marcos dictatorship, contributing to one of the first of the non-violent, popular revolutions of the 1980s as well as involved in the creation of now-defunct Partido ng Bayan (People's Party) that participated during the 1987 elections. However, since 1998, Bayan Muna, the political party of the organization, has been the leading party-list member in the House of Representatives of the Philippines.[5]

On August 7, 2002, the secretary-general of Bayan, Teodoro A. Casiño, claimed that under the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo presidency, soldiers murdered at least 13 Bayan and Bayan Muna members.[6][7][8]

In a resolution past during the Bayan 7th Congress in August 2004, the coalition would expand to include overseas Filipino organizations as official members of Bayan. In January 2005, the first Bayan USA assembly was held in San Francisco. As the first overseas Bayanchapter, Bayan USA directly coordinated the implementation of Bayan campaigns to Bayan member organizations in the United States. These organizations include the NY Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines, League of Filipino Students in San Francisco State University, Anakbayan (New York/New Jersey, Los Angeles, San Diego, Honolulu, East Bay and Seattle), the Critical Filipino/Filipina Studies Collective, Habi Ng Kalinangan, babaeSF (San Francisco), Pinay Sa Seattle, and Filipinas for Rights and Empowerment (FiRE).

After the 2007 elections, and the death of Anakpawis representative Crispin Beltran, Bayan now has five combined representatives in the 14th Congress of the Philippines, Satur Ocampo and Teodoro Casiño of Bayan Muna, Rafael V. Mariano of Anakpawis, and Liza Maza and Luzviminda Ilagan of GABRIELA.[9]

In the 2010 elections Bayan has 7 congressmen in the lower house. Including Raymond Palatino, Neri Colmenares, Luzviminda Iligan.[1]

During the 2013 Philippine Elections, all of the partylists except for Aking Bikolnon ran for sectoral representatives. Kalikasan and Courage were disqualified while Kabataan and Piston faced charges of disqualifications, but were subsequently lifted. Bayan Muna and Gabriela won two seats each, seating Neri Colminares and Carlos Zarate for Bayan Muna and Luzviminda Ilagan and Emmi de Jesus for Gabriela. Meanwhile, ACT, Anakpawis and Kabataan won 1 seat each, with Antonio Tinio, Fernando "Ka Pando" Hicap and Terry Ridon as their representatives, respectively.[1]

Makabayan and Bayan also fielded former Bayan Muna representative Teodoro "Teddy" Casiño, who has served for 9 years as one of the congressmen of the said partylist. He placed 22nd, garnering about 3.5 million votes.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Teehankee, Julio. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines". quezon.ph. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  2. ^ CapitolHill/Lobby/4677
  3. ^ Official Website: http://makabayan.net
  4. ^ Weekley, Kathleen (1996). "From Vanguard to Rearguard: The Theoretical Roots of the Crisis in the Communist Party of the Philippines". In Abinales, Patricio. The revolution falters: the left in Philippine politics after 1986. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Southeast Asia Program. p. 47. ISBN 0-87727-132-1. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  5. ^ Bayan History
  6. ^ Codewan.com
  7. ^ Manila Standard Today
  8. ^ Newsinfo.inq7.net
  9. ^ KMU slaps call center industry as “hub for exploitation” by Philippine Daily Inquirer, April 1, 2006

External links[edit]