|ᨅᨔ ᨆᨀᨔᨑ Basa Mangkasara'|
|Region||southern tip of South Sulawesi, Sulawesi (Celebes)|
|Native speakers||2.1 million (2000 census)|
|Writing system||Lontara, Latin|
Makassarese (sometimes spelled Makasar, Makassar, or Macassar) is a language used by the Makassarese people in South Sulawesi island (Celebes) in Indonesia. It is a member of the Austronesian language family of the South Sulawesi group, and thus closely related to, among others, Buginese.
Although Makassarese is now often written in Latin script, it is still widely written in its own distinctive script, also called Lontara, which once was used also to write important documents in Bugis and Mandar, two related language from Sulawesi.
The Makassar symbols are written using mostly straight oblique lines and dots. In spite of its quite distinctive appearance, it is derived from the ancient Brahmi scripts of India. Like other descendants of that script, each consonant has an inherent vowel "a", which is not marked. Other vowels can be indicated by adding one of five diacritics above, below, or on either side of each consonant.
Some common words/phrases in the Makassar language, transcribed in the Latin script, are as follows ( ' = glottal stop):
|ᨔᨒᨚ||sallo||lama / lambat||slow|
|ᨈ ᨙᨙᨅ||tabe'||permisi||excuse me|
|ᨕᨄ ᨀ ᨙᨑᨅ?||apa kare'ba?||apa kabar?||how are you?|
|ᨒ ᨙᨀᨀᨚ ᨆ ᨙᨕ?||lakeko mae?||kamu mau ke mana?||where are you going?|
|ᨙᨁ ᨙᨒ ᨙᨁ ᨙᨒ||gele-gele||geli||tickle|
|ᨆᨚ ᨙᨈ ᨙᨑ||motere'||pulang ke rumah||return home|
|Makassarese language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Makassar pronunciation and alphabet at Omniglot
- Lontara and Makassar scripts
- Lontara Alphabet in Unicode
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