Makedonski Železnici

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Macedonia
Voz dizel 800px.jpg
Operation
National railway Makedonski Železnici
Infrastructure company Makedonski Železnici - Infrastruktura
Statistics
Passenger km 154.705.000
System length
Total 925 kilometres (575 mi)
Electrified 315 kilometres (196 mi)
Track gauge
Main 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification
Main 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Features
No. stations 117
Map
Map of the Macedonian railway network

Makedonski Železnici (MŽ) (Македонски Железници, Macedonian Railways) is the public enterprise for railways in the Republic of Macedonia. Railway operations are run by Makedonski Železnici and the infrastructure maintained by Makedonski Železnici - Infrastruktura.

The Republic of Macedonia is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for the Republic of Macedonia is 65.

Macedonian Railways operates 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge (standard gauge) rail tracks in Macedonia and maintains 925 km (575 mi) of lines, 315 km (196 mi) of which are electrified with the 25 kV 50 Hz AC system.

Trains[edit]

Macedonian Railways has a big number of trains, which consist of passenger trains (Diesel and electric trains) and freight trains.

Overview[edit]

The train station in Bitola

The first standard gauge line in the area, from Skopje to Thessaloniki was built in 1873.

Macedonia has a well-developed railroad system. It is connected to Kosovo via Volkovo in the northwest, to Serbia via Tabanovci in the north and to Greece via Gevgelija in the southeast and via Kremenica in the southwest. Macedonia's main rail line between the Serbian and Greek borders, from Tabanovci to Gevgelija, is entirely electrified.

The main train station in Macedonia is Skopje.

All domestic lines are operated by Macedonian Railways, with links from Skopje to Tetovo, Gostivar and Kicevo in the west, to Volkovo in the northwest, to Kumanovo and Tabanovci in the north, to Sveti Nikole, Štip, and Kocani in the east, to Veles, Negotino and Gevgelija in the south - southeast and to Bogomila, Prilep and Bitola in the southwest.

According to a local journalists' report dated 2011, passenger service within the country is quite slow, and trains and stations are often poorly maintained. Nonetheless, the inexpensive rail service is well patronized, and on occasions trains are standing-room only.[1]

Rolling stock[edit]

Electric Locomotives[edit]

Designation Producer Total units Power output(kwh) Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 441 Rade Končar Zagreb 8 3800 kW Bo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h) 1969–1988 23.04.10 Skopje 441.107 & 712.107 (5821492431).jpg
MŽ 442 Rade Končar Zagreb
Rade Končar Zagreb
30 3800 kW Bo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h) 2001 Series 442 was obtained by the restorisation of
3 former HŽ 1141 locomotives.
MŽ 461/462 Electroputere 3 / 2 5100 kW Co'Co' 120 km/h 1972-1980/2008 Series 462 was obtained by the restorisation of
2 MŽ 461 locomotives.

Diesel Locomotives[edit]

Designation Producer Total units Type Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 642 Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
8 Diesel electric shunter 606 kW Bo'Bo' 80 km/h 1960-1964
MŽ 643 Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
3 Diesel electric shunter 680 kW Bo'Bo' 80 km/h 1967
MŽ 661 GM-EMD
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
23 Diesel electric 1454 kW Co'Co' 114 km/h (124 km/h) 1960–1971 22.04.10 Veles 661.236 (5822039256).jpg

Electric Multiple Units[edit]

Designation Producer Total units Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 412 Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 3 1360 kW Bo'Bo'+2'2'+2'2'+Bo'Bo' 130 km/h 1980–1990's Macedonia (5881146055).jpg

Diesel Multiple Units[edit]

Designation Producer Total units Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 712 MACOSA 19 2x 210 kW B'B'+2'2' 120 km/h 1981-1986 22.04.10 Kočani 712.102 (5821476903).jpg

International connections and services[edit]

The train station in Prilep

The main north - south line from Niš in Serbia to the port of Thessaloniki in Greece on the Aegean Sea (Corridor X), passes through Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino, Demir Kapija, Miravci and Gevgelija.

Intercity trains link Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino (Kavadarci), Demir Kapija, Miravci (Valandovo) and Gevgelija (Bogdanci) with Serbian Railways and Greek railways.

Connections to Bulgarian State Railways are via Niš in Serbia and via Thessaloniki in Greece.

Intercity trains link Skopje with Kosovo Railways.

In 2010, Makedonski Železnici joined Cargo 10, a joint venture with other railways in the region.[2]

Plans[edit]

Corridor VIII[edit]

Skopje train station

In the planning stage[when?] is a project to construct new rail links connecting to the existing east - west line (Beljakovci, Kumanovo, Skopje, Tetovo, Gostivar and Kičevo):

Corridor X[edit]

The Ministry of Transport and Communication has began studies for the renewal and reconstruction of several section of the corridor X:

  • Renewal and reconstruction of railway track on the 16 km section between Bitola and Kremenica as a part of the Xd branch of Corridor X
  • Reconstruction of the 14 km railway section between Kumanovo and Deljadrovci
  • Reconstruction of the 35 km railway section between Dračevo and Veles

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aleksandar Pisarev (Александар Писарев), Патување со Македонски железници (Traveling with Makedonski Železnici), 2011-05-11
  2. ^ "Macedonian railways to join Cargo 10". ICT magazine. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 

External links[edit]