Makinohara, Shizuoka

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Makinohara
牧之原市
City
Tea plantations in Makinohara
Tea plantations in Makinohara
Official seal of Makinohara
Seal
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Makinohara is located in Japan
Makinohara
Makinohara
 
Coordinates: 34°44′N 138°13′E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217Coordinates: 34°44′N 138°13′E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Shigeki Nishihara
Area
 • Total 111.68 km2 (43.12 sq mi)
Population (June 2012)
 • Total 47,664
 • Density 427/km2 (1,110/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree camellia sinensis
- Flower hydrangea
Phone number 548-23-0001
Address 447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421-0495
Website www.city.makinohara.shizuoka.jp

Makinohara (牧之原市 Makinohara-shi?) is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2010, the city has an estimated population of 47,664 and a population density of 427 persons per km². The total area is 111.68 km².

Geography[edit]

Makinohara is located in south-central Shizuoka. It is bordered by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and rises gradually to the Makinohara Plateau in the west. The area has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current offshort providing a moderating effect.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Makinohara was part of former Tōtōmi Province. During the Edo period, the town of Sagara was the center of Sagara Domain. In the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area Sagara incorporated as a town within Haibara District.

The modern city of Makinohara was established on October 11, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Haibara and Sagara (both from Haibara District).

Economy[edit]

The local economy of Makinohara is dominated by the production of green tea, and to a lesser extent by fishing, and manufacturing of automobile components for Suzuki.[1]

Fuji Dream Airlines has its headquarters in Makinohara.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Shizuoka Airport, which opened in 2009, straddles the border between Makinohara and Shimada. The city has no train connections.

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Makinohara is the site of Sagara Oil field, Japan's only oil field on the Pacific coast. Hand-pumping began in 1873, and the following year, Nippon Oil opened the first mechanical pumping operation in the country at Sagara. Operations ceased in 1955, and in 1980 the field was made into the "Yuden no Sato" Park, operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural government.[3][4]

Sister city relations[edit]

Notable people from Makinohara[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]