Makira and nearby islands
Location of Makira in Solomon Islands
|Area||3,190 km2 (1,232 sq mi)|
|Population||~10,000 (as of 1999)|
The island of Makira (formerly San Cristóbal) is the largest island of Makira-Ulawa Province in the Solomon Islands. The island is located east of Guadalcanal and south of Malaita. The largest and capital city is Kirakira.
The first recorded sighting by Europeans of Makira was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Mendaña in June 1568. More precisely the sighting and also landing in Makira was due to a local voyage that set out from Guadalcanal in a small boat, in the accounts the brigantine Santiago, commanded by Álferez Hernando Énriquez and having Hernán Gallego as pilot. They charted it as San Cristóbal.
- Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, pp.46,47.
- Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.133.
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