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The Makololo are a people of Southern Africa, closely related to the Basotho, from which they separated themselves in the early 19th century. Originally residing in what is now South Africa, they were displaced by the Zulu expansion under Shaka and migrated north through Botswana to Barotseland in the mid-19th century. After ruling over the Lozi people for about 30 years they were overthrown in a revolution, and migrated east towards Malawi.
They appear to be named after Kololo, the wife of their first chief, Sebitwane. Another theory is that it is a Luyana word meaning "bald" referring to their conqueror's hairstyles.
- ^ Gann, Lewis H.; Duignan, Peter (1999). Africa and the world: an introduction to the history of sub-Saharan Africa from antiquity to 1840. University Press of America. ISBN 0-7618-1520-1.