Makran (princely state)
|Princely state of Pakistan|
|-||Disestablished||14 October 1955|
|Area||54,000 km2 (20,850 sq mi)|
|Government of Balochistan|
|This article is part of the series|
|Former administrative units of Pakistan|
Makran was an autonomous princely state in a subsidiary alliance with British India until 1947, then from 1948 a princely state of Pakistan. It ceased to exist in 1955. It was located in the extreme southwest of present-day Pakistan, an area now occupied by the districts of Gwadar, Kech and Panjgur. The state did not include the enclave of Gwadar, which was under Omani rule until 1958.
The state of Makran was established in the eighteenth century. Ruled by the Sardars of the Gichki family of Makran, who remained sovereign until 1948. On 17 March 1948, Makran acceded to Pakistan, and on 3 October 1952 it joined Kalat, Kharan and Las Bela to form the Baluchistan States Union. The state was dissolved on 14 October 1955, when most regions of the western wing of Pakistan were merged to form the province of West Pakistan. When that province was dissolved in 1970, the territory of the former state of Makran was organised as Makran District and later Makran Division of the province of Baluchistan (later changed to Balochistan).
The rulers of Makran were originally styled as Sardar and from 1922 as Nawab. Details on earlier rulers are sketchy with the first definite dates from 1898 CE onwards. The Gichki family ruled this region before the Makran State and after when the Makran State was formed the Gichki Sardar of Kech was made the Nawab of Makran.
|Date of Reign||Rulers of Makran|
|1898–1917||(Sardar) Mehrullah Khan|
|1922 – 17 March 1948||(Nawab) Azam Jan|
|17 March 1948 - 14 October 1955||(Nawab) Bai Khan Baloch Gichki|
|14 October 1955||State of Makran dissolved|
- Baluchistan (Chief Commissioner's Province)
- Las Bela
- Khanate of Kalat
- Baluchistan States Union
- Kech District
- Gwadar District
- Panjgur District
- Balochistan Province
- List of Indian Princely States
- Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.