Aerial picture of Makronisos
|Area||20 km2 (7.7 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||281 m (922 ft)|
|Population||0 (as of 2001)|
Makronisos (Greek: Μακρόνησος, lit. Long Island), or Makronisi, is an island in the Aegean sea, in Greece and is located close to the coast of Attica, facing the port of Lavrio. It has an elongated shape, 13 km (8 mi) north to south, around 500 m (1,640 ft) east to west, and its terrain is arid and rocky.
In ancient times the island was called Helena.
Today it remains uninhabited, but its historical symbolism is significance for many Greeks; from the time of the Greek Civil War up until the restoration of democracy following the collapse of the Regime of the Colonels, it was used as a penal island (concentration camp) for Greek communists and left-wing supporters, hosting thousands of prisoners, such as Giaros island. Because of its history, it is considered as a monument of the civil war era; therefore the island itself and the original structures on it are protected from alterations.
- Hamilakis, Yannis, "The Other 'Parthenon': Antiquity and National Memory at Makronisos", Journal of Modern Greek Studies 20:2 (October 2002), pp. 307–338.
- Le Nouveau Parthénon (1975) by Kostas Chronopoulos et Giogos Chryssovitsianos.
- Happy Day (1976) by Pantelís Voúlgaris.
- Makronissos (2008), by Ilias Giannakakis et Evi Karabatsou.
- Like Stone lions at the gateway into night (2012), by Olivier Zuchuat
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